Natel chart


Named after the enchanting Roman goddess, Venus is the vibrant planet that represents beauty, love, and abundance. Indulgent Venus is happiest when luxuriating: Fine wines, extended baths, and aromatic moisturizers align with the Venusian spirit. This planet's highbrow tastes reflect our interest in art and culture, while its romantic sensibilities reveal our idealized perception of love. Both earth sign Taurus and air sign Libra are ruled by Venus, each representing a different side of Venus's expression: sensual Taurus is physical, while flirtatious Libra is cerebral. It takes approximately four to five weeks to transit a zodiac sign and goes retrograde every 18 months. During Venus retrograde, try to avoid making major changes to your appearance, such as getting a tattoo or plastic surgery. 


The Red Planet is known as the warrior of the zodiac. Named after the Roman god of war, Mars symbolizes action, determination, and aggression. Its impassioned spirit often manifests when we're racing to meet a deadline, running to catch a flight, or competing for a selective position. Mars is the fire under our ass, providing the adrenaline-charged boost of energy that fuels movement. It also reflects our physical passion and lust. This planet governs Aries, the impulsive fire sign known for its high-octane vivacity. Mars takes approximately six to seven weeks to transit a zodiac sign and goes retrograde every two years. When it goes retrograde, we may have trouble standing up for ourselves or experience a lack of motivation in the bedroom. 


The largest planet in the solar system, Jupiter — or Zeus, in Greek mythology — is recognized for its colossal presence. Lucky planet Jupiter symbolizes fortune, philosophy, abundance, and spirituality. This generous planet governs expansion, encouraging us to widen our scope and broaden our horizons through philosophy, spirituality, and education. It governs Sagittarius, the adventurous fire sign known for its thrill-seeking disposition. Jupiter takes approximately 12 to 13 months to transit a zodiac sign and goes retrograde each year for around 120 days. Its retrograde is often a time of philosophical growth. 


The ringed gas giant is associated with time, regulations, and restrictions. On a good day, Saturn symbolizes hard work, professional achievements, and steadfast resilience. On a bad day, however, it can be harsh and unemotional, forcing us to learn through tough love and difficult challenges. Though this planet has an odd way of showing its affection, Saturn does have our best interest in mind. It simply wants us to play by the rules. Saturn governs regimented Capricorn, the enterprising earth sign known for its tireless ambition, and takes approximately two and a half years to transit each sign. It goes retrograde each year for around 140 days. During Saturn retrograde, life may feel more restrictive, and we must work harder to launch projects. 


Uranus is unusual: as Science Museum reports, it’s the first planet discovered by a telescope, the only celestial body named after a Greek deity, and is tilted so far on its axis that it essentially orbits the sun on its side. Fittingly, Uranus symbolizes technology, rebellion, and innovation. This revolutionary planet hates the rules and is always eager to facilitate groundbreaking, dynamic change. Uranus can have surprising effects (after all, the planet loves shock value). It governs Aquarius, the free-thinking air sign recognized for its eccentricity and nonconformity. Uranus takes approximately seven years to transit each sign and goes retrograde each year for around 150 days. During the planet's retrograde, we are asked to leave the past behind and continue onward with life. 


6 Places to Get a Free Birth Chart

Even if astrology isn't your thing, it's likely you've had someone ask you your zodiac sign on a dating app, or said something like, "Oh, you're such an Aries" in response to your go-get-'em nature. But even if you know a thing or two about your zodiac sign (aka sun sign) -  which influences your confidence, self-image, self-esteem, sense of self, and identity - there's a lot more to your astrological makeup.

You also have a moon sign (representing your emotions), a rising sign (which controls your first impressions), and a whole house system to unpack.

RELATED: Here's How to Unpack the Basics of Your Birth Chart

So, in order to discern your exact astrology ID, you need a birth chart. And while this is something you can visit an astrologer to have drawn up, these days you can also find it online for free. Also called a natal chart, this astrology report outlines the specifics of your zodiac based on your date, place, and time of birth. It provides a more detailed point of view about the day you arrived on this planet and how you became, well, you.

Here are a few places where you can get a free birth chart and learn a bit more about what makes you tick.

The site notes that a birth chart "is a celestial snapshot of the universal energies at play the moment you arrived on this planet." By entering your details, you'll discover what the placement of planets like Mercury and Mars means in terms of your personality and the connections you make with others.

"Each planet has a specific energy that governs various areas of your life," according to the site. "For example, if you have questions about your love life, the placement of Venus in your zodiac chart could hold the key."


There's nothing fancy required to get the details you want when it comes to this easy-to-use site. All you have to do is enter your birth date details - date, time, and place - and you'll get a downloadable birth chart that includes interpretations of sun, moon, and rising signs. For $25, you can also get a professional birth chart interpretation, which includes details on your strengths and weaknesses, as well as suggestions for maximizing your unique qualities.

Co-Star Astrology

This iOS and Android compatible app allows you to plot your birth chart for free and includes analysis for your sun, moon, and rising signs, as well as Venus, which "determines how and what you love," according to the Co-Star site. This one doubles as a social network, of sorts; you can connect with your friends and lovers to see what aspects of your personalities play well (or horribly) together.

RELATED: Yes, It's OK to Date Someone Your Astrological Sign Is 'Incompatible' With

Cafe Astrology

Like the other sites, Cafe Astrology simply requires you to enter your date of birth, time, and place to determine your astrology positions, including a list of planets and the signs they occupy in your chart. But even if you don't know the exact time you were born, the site can help you figure out some of the basics that are included in your birth chart. This site also tells you your ascendant sign - also known as your rising sign - which is the zodiac sign that was rising on the horizon at the exact time you were born.

Chaos Astrology

Once you obtain your free birth chart - which includes info about your rising sign, as well as the positions of the planets in the signs and houses - you have the option to invest in a membership that allows you to check out other astrological analysis, like compatibility reports where you can compare and contrast astrological charts of partners, friends, and family.

Astromatrix Horoscopes

In addition to your birth chart, Astromatrix allows you to check out the specifics of your individual personality traits, as well as details on the social environments that best suit you and challenges you might face down the line. Chart your birth report on the site or by downloading the free app for iOS or Android.

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Astrological chart or diagram

This article is about astrology. For the Sheeba song, see Horoscopes (song).

A horoscope (or other commonly used names for the horoscope in English include natal chart, astrological chart, astro-chart, celestial map, sky-map, star-chart, cosmogram, vitasphere, radical chart, radix, chart wheel or simply chart) is an astrological chart or diagram representing the positions of the Sun, Moon, planets, astrological aspects and sensitive angles at the time of an event, such as the moment of a person's birth. The word horoscope is derived from the Greek words ōra and scopos meaning "time" and "observer" (horoskopos, pl. horoskopoi, or "marker(s) of the hour"). It is used as a method of divination regarding events relating to the point in time it represents, and it forms the basis of the horoscopic traditions of astrology.

In common usage, horoscope often refers to an astrologer's interpretation, usually based on a system of solar Sun sign astrology; based strictly on the position of the Sun at the time of birth, or on the calendar significance of an event, as in Chinese astrology. In particular, many newspapers and magazines carry predictive columns, written in prose that may be written more for increasing readership than tied directly to the Sun or other aspects of the solar system, allegedly based on celestial influences in relation to the zodiacal placement of the Sun on the month of birth, cusp (2 days before or after any particular sign, an overlap), or decant (the month divided into 3 ten-day periods) of the person's month of birth, identifying the individual's Sun sign or "star sign" based on the tropical zodiac.[1]

In Hindu astrology, birth charts are called kuṇḍali which are very significant and are based on movement of stars and moon. Auspicious events and rituals are started after checking the kuṇḍali of a person including the marriage in which the birth charts of the boy and girl are matched.

There are no scientific studies that have shown support for the accuracy of horoscopes, and the methods used to make interpretations are pseudo-scientific.[2][3][4][5][6]: 1350  In modern scientific framework no known interaction exists that could be responsible for the transmission of the alleged influence between a person and the position of stars in the sky at the moment of birth.[7][8] In all tests completed, keeping strict methods to include a control group and proper blinding between experimenters and subjects, horoscopes have shown no effect beyond pure chance.[9][10] Furthermore, some psychological tests have shown that it is possible to construct personality descriptions and foretelling generic enough to satisfy most members of a large audience simultaneously, referred to as the Forer or Barnum effect.


The horoscope says that the 72 days will become -1 because it is September 2021 and serves as a stylized map of the heavens over a specific location at a particular moment in time. In most applications the perspective is geocentric (heliocentric astrology being one exception). The positions of the actual planets (including Sun and Moon) are placed in the chart, along with those of purely calculated factors such as the lunar nodes, the house cusps including the midheaven and the ascendant, zodiac signs, fixed stars and the lots. Angular relationships between the planets themselves and other points, called aspects, are typically determined. The emphasis and interpretation of these factors vary with tradition. This means however the stars were placed at the time of birth for a person shows their characteristics and personality, including weakness. It is very similar to the Chinese Zodiac.


The Latin word horoscopus, ultimately from Greekὡρόσκοπος "nativity, horoscope", "observer of the hour [of birth]", from ὥρα "time, hour" and σκόπος "observer, watcher". In Middle English texts from the 11th century, the word appears in the Latin form and is anglicized to horoscope in Early Modern English. The noun horoscopy for "casting of horoscopes" has been in use since the 17th century (OED). In Greek, ὡρόσκοπος in the sense of "ascendant" – not only of the time of someone's birth, but more generally of any significant event – and ὡροσκοπία "observation of the ascendant" is in use since Ptolemy (Tetrabiblos 33, 75).

Concepts in Western astrology[edit]

Astrological birth chart for Charles I, King of England

Main article: Western astrology

  • The native is the subject of the event (a birth, for example) being charted at a particular time and place, and is considered to be at the centre of the celestial sphere.
  • The celestial sphere is an imaginary sphere onto which the zodiac, constellations and planets are projected.
  • The plane of the equator is the plane of the Earth's equator projected into space.
  • The plane of the ecliptic is defined by the orbits of the earth and the sun. For practical purposes the plane of the equator and the plane of the ecliptic maintain a constant inclination to each other of approximately 23.5°.
  • The plane of the horizon is centred on the native and is tangential to the earth at that point. In a sphere whose radius is infinitely large, this plane may be treated as nearly equivalent to the parallel plane with its centre at the Earth's centre. This greatly simplifies the geometry of the horoscope but does not take into account that the native is in motion. Some writers on astrology have thus considered the effects of parallax, but most would agree that (apart from that of the moon) they are relatively minor.[citation needed]


There are four primary angles in the horoscope. These are, in order of power:

The ascendant is the easternmost or sunrise point where the ecliptic and horizon intersect; the ascendant and the midheaven are considered the most important angles in the horoscope by the vast majority of astrologers. In most systems of house division, the ascendant is the cusp of the 1st house and the midheaven is the cusp of the 10th house. The placement of the planetary ruler of the ascendant called the Chart Ruler is also considered to be significant. The point in the west diametrically opposing the ascendant is called the descendant, normally the cusp of the 7th house; and the point opposing the M.C. is the cusp of the 4th house, the northernmost point of the chart, called the Imum Coeli or I.C.

In creating a horoscope the ascendant is traditionally placed at the "nine o'clock" position on the left-hand side of the chart wheel (though traditional rectangular chart formats need not follow this convention). During the course of a day, because of the Earth's rotation, the entire circle of the ecliptic will pass through the ascendant and will be advanced by about 1°. This movement provides us with the term rising sign, which is the sign of the zodiac rising over the eastern horizon at the moment of birth. The point on the ecliptic that is furthest above the plane of the horizon at the time is called the Midheaven, or Medium Coeli (M.C.), placed at the "twelve o'clock position" effectively where the Sun would be if the birth time was midday.

The Zodiac[edit]

Main article: Zodiac

  • The Zodiac, or "circle of animals" is a zone or belt in space projected onto the celestial sphere through which, from our viewpoint, the planets move. A symbolic geometric construction around 15 to 18 degrees wide, it is divided into 12 signs, each of 30 degrees longitude (making 360 degrees in all), with the ecliptic, the apparent path of the Sun, as its middle line. The tropical zodiac used by most Western astrologers has its beginning at the exact moment that the Sun crosses the celestial equator and enters the zodiacal sign of Aries. Some Western astrologers use the sidereal zodiac favored by Indian ("Jyotish") astrologers, which is based more closely on actual positions of constellations in the heavens, as opposed to the tropical zodiac, which is a moveable format based on the seasons.

The tropical zodiac defines the vernal point (the first day of spring in the northern hemisphere) as the first degree of Aries, but the sidereal zodiac allows it to process. Many people are confused regarding the difference between the sidereal zodiac and the tropical zodiac signs. Because of a "wobble" in the Earth's axis of rotation over a period of about 26,000 years (often called a "great year"), the rate at which the vernal equinox precesses in the heavens is approximately 0 deg, 0 min, 50.23 seconds a year, drifting by one degree every 72 years. Precession of the equinoxes thus occurs at a rate of roughly 5 arc minutes of a degree every 6 years. The tropical signs relate to the seasons and not the stars. Here is an example: a person born on, say August 28, 2002, would come to understand that their Sun sign was in Virgo according to Western astrology (conventional Sun sign dates August 23, to September 22, of every year), but Sun on that same calendar date of the year 2002 was in the constellation Leo (where it had been since August 10, 2002, and would remain until September 15, when it would then finally cross into Virgo).

It is worth pointing out that the sidereal signs and the tropical signs are both geometrical conventions of 30° each, whereas the zodiacal constellations are pictorial representations of mythological figures projected onto the celestial sphere based on patterns of visible star groupings, none of which occupy precisely 30° of the ecliptic. So constellations and signs are not the same, although for historical reasons they might have the same names.[11]

It is also worth noting that some astrologers do not use the signs of the zodiac at all, focusing more instead on the astrological aspects and other features of the horoscope.

  • The sun sign is the sign of the zodiac in which the sun is located for the native. This is the single astrological fact familiar to most people. If an event occurs at sunrise the ascendant and sun sign will be the same; other rising signs can then be estimated at approximately two-hour intervals from there.
  • A cusp is the boundary between two signs or houses. For some, the cusp includes a small portion of the two signs or houses under consideration.


  • The houses are a series of twelve divisions of the plane of the ecliptic. Astrologers have devised many systems of calculating these house divisions. In the case of the equal house system the ecliptic is divided into twelve equal houses of 30° each. The first house begins at the ascendant and the others are numbered counterclockwise from that point. The first six are therefore below the horizon, and the other six are above. The positions of these houses remain fixed relative to the native. The signs and planets all move through the twelve houses during the course of a day, and the planets move through the signs over the course of months or years.

Construction of a horoscope in Western astrology[edit]

To create a horoscope, an astrologer first has to ascertain the exact time and place of the subject's birth, or the initiation of an event. The local standard time (adjusting for any daylight saving time or war time) is then converted into Greenwich Mean Time or Universal Time at that same instant. The astrologer then has to convert this into the local sidereal time at birth in order to be able to calculate the ascendant and midheaven. The astrologer will next consult a set of tables called an ephemeris, which lists the location of the Sun, Moon and planets for a particular year, date and sidereal time, with respect to the northern hemisphere vernal equinox or the fixed stars (depending on which astrological system is being used). The astrologer then adds or subtracts the difference between the longitude of Greenwich and the longitude of the place in question to determine the true local mean time (LMT) at the place of birth to show where planets would be visible above the horizon at the precise time and place in question. Planets hidden from view beneath the earth are also shown in the horoscope.

The horoscope features 12 sectors around the circle of the ecliptic, starting from the eastern horizon with the ascendant or rising sign. These 12 sectors are called the houses and numerous systems for calculating these divisions exist. Tables of houses have been published since the 19th Century to make this otherwise demanding task easier.


Main article: House (astrology)

The chart thus begins with a framework of 12 houses. Upon this the signs of the zodiac are superimposed. In the equal house system the cusp between any two houses will fall at the same degree for each of the at 12° of Leo, the second house will begin at 12° of Virgo, the third at 12° Libra, and so on. In house systems that take into consideration the effects of the angle of intersection between the planes of the horizon and the ecliptic, the calculations are more complicated. For these calculations it is essential to know the latitude of the event. Tables are available for these calculations, but they are now commonly calculated by computer. Most astrology computer programs allow the user to choose from a variety of house systems.

Placements of the planets[edit]

Main article: Planets in astrology

Having established the relative positions of the signs in the houses, the astrologer positions the sun, moon, and planets at their proper celestial longitudes. Some astrologers also take note of minor planetary bodies, fixed stars, asteroids (for example, Chiron) and other mathematically calculated points and angles such as the vertex, equatorial ascendant, etc. Many astrologers also use what are commonly referred to as Arabic parts (or Greek Lots), the most common of which is the Part of Fortune (Pars Fortunae).


To complete the horoscope the astrologer will consider the aspects or relative angles between pairs of planets. More exact aspects are considered more important. The difference between the exact aspect and the actual aspect is called the orb. Those generally recognized by the astrological community are Conjunction (0°), Opposition (180°), Square (90°), Trine (120°), Sextile (60°), Semi-Square (45°), Sesquisquare (135°), and Quincunx (150°). Understandably these aspects are more significant when they are exact, but they are considered to function within an orb of influence, the size of which varies according to the importance of each aspect. Thus conjunctions are believed to operate with a larger orb than sextiles. Most modern astrologers use an orb of 8° or less for aspects involving the Sun, Moon, and Jupiter and smaller orbs for the other points. Some astrologers, such as practitioners of Cosmobiology, and Uranian astrology, use minor aspects (15°, 22.5°, 67.5°, 72°, 75°, 105°, 112.5°, 157.5°, 165°) with much narrower orbs.

The major astrological system regarded universally is Vedic Hindu Astrology. As per this, all planets see just opposite i.e. 180 degree aspect. But Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn have special aspects. Mars sees the houses 4th and 8 too from its place in the horoscope, Saturn sees the houses 3 and 10 too from its place, and Jupiter sees 5 and 9 from its place in the horoscope i.e. the house in which they are posited in the lagna chart.


The ascendant (ASC) is a point on the ecliptic that rises on the eastern horizon at sunrise and changes as the earth rotates on its axis. The ascendant is very important in astrological chart interpretation. It exerts more power than the sun, moon and planets because it infiltrates everything in the natal chart. The ascendant is the first point of energy in the natal chart and it represents the way we view life. The sign on the ascendant characterises our expression of "who we are" when dealing with others, and our initial action when dealing with day-to-day concerns. Longitude is necessary in order to determine the position of the Ascendant because horoscopes use local time. Having constructed the horoscope, the astrologer can begin the task of interpreting the chart. This interpretation depends upon which branch of horoscopic astrology is being used.

Chinese horoscopes[edit]

In Chinese astrology, horoscopes are based on the symbolism of the Chinese zodiac, a system of elements and animals associated with each year according to a Sexagenary cycle. Chinese horoscopes often appear in horoscope sections in newspapers and magazine alongside Western horoscopes.


Interest in horoscopes and the zodiac sign have been very popular throughout history and today. There are many faithful followers, from celebrities to the general public. With so many believers, and perhaps a personal connection to the horoscope or the zodiac, it can be difficult to accept that astrology is not grounded in scientific evidence and is a pseudoscience.

Psychological criticism[edit]

Natal birth charts, or zodiac signs, are often used to predict a person's personality traits. However, the use of natal birth charts to predict personality is not valid or reliable. In a double-blind study that tested the zodiac's reliability to predict personality, an astrologer had to match a person's zodiac sign to their CPI (California Personality Inventory) result. The CPI is a reliable method to determine an individual's personality. It was found that the astrologers were not able to correctly match the zodiac sign to the CPI result beyond random assignment.[12] This means that astrology is no more than a test of chance and it is not a reliable way to predict personality.

Similarly, the zodiac sign can be used to create horoscopes that predict the events that will happen in an individual's life. However, like using the zodiac sign for personality traits, using it for horoscopes is also unreliable. One astrologer's prediction for a horoscope is typically completely unrelated to the prediction of another astrologer.[13] However, many people still believe their horoscope perfectly aligns with the events in their lives. There are some possible explanations for this. Horoscopes have vague wording and are based on typical everyday activities.[13] Due to this, it is easier for people to relate to these claims and increase their belief that it is a real science. Also, a person's expectations typically lead them to bias the way they perceive information, so their expectations are confirmed. In a study, participant's horoscopes were paired with the events of their previous day. When the horoscopes were presented with the participant's zodiac sign, other participants were more likely to report that the horoscope matched the previous day's events compared to when their zodiac sign was not present.[14] This shows how individuals will bias their perceptions based on the expectations. This makes horoscopes seem reliable, when they are not valid.

Scientific criticism[edit]

Stars are luminous balls of hydrogen and helium gas within clouds of dust which are held together by their own gravity. They are formed through the accumulation of gas and dust which collapses as a result of gravity. Astrology attempts to study how the position, movements and properties of celestial bodies affect people and events on earth. Although it has its proponents, astrology has been rejected by the scientific community. Some horoscopes base their predictions on the “movement” of stars. However, this is inaccurate as stars actually do not move but appear to because the earth rotates on its axis and orbits around the sun. Furthermore, none of the answers given by astrology are actually based on science. According to American astronomer, the reason why people rely on horoscopes is explained by a psychological phenomenon known as “self-selection bias” which is the tendency of humans to look for interpretations or confirmations for what they already hope to be true.[15] Hence, the reason why astrology may seem like it works is because our brains are wired to look for patterns, even when none exists. Many practitioners of astrology claim that astrology is indeed a science however, despite many trial and experiments, the effectiveness and scientific evidence of astrology is still yet to be demonstrated. In conclusion, astrology has no verifiable mechanism behind it and astrologers follow no sort of scientific method in their process hence it cannot be classified as science.[16]

Christian criticism[edit]

In Christianity, many say that people should not use horoscopes or practice astrology in general, citing Deuteronomy 4:19, Deuteronomy 18:10-12, and Isaiah 47:13-14 from the Bible.[17] Evangelist and minister Billy Graham has said, “God did make the stars (as well as everything else in the universe), but he intended them to be a witness to his power and glory, not as a means to guide us or foretell the future.”[18]

See also[edit]


  1. ^"How Horoscopes Work". 29 January 2005.
  2. ^Thagard, Paul R. (1978). "Why Astrology is a Pseudoscience"(PDF). Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association. The University of Chicago Press. 1: 223–234. doi:10.1086/psaprocbienmeetp.1978.1.192639. JSTOR 192639.
  3. ^Astrology. Encyclopædia Britannica.
  4. ^Sven Ove Hansson, Edward N. Zalta. "Science and Pseudo-Science". Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
  5. ^"Astronomical Pseudo-Science: A Skeptic's Resource List". Astronomical Society of the Pacific.
  6. ^Hartmann, P.; Reuter, M.; Nyborga, H. (May 2006). "The relationship between date of birth and individual differences in personality and general intelligence: A large-scale study". Personality and Individual Differences. 40 (7): 1349–1362. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2005.11.017.
  7. ^Peter D. Asquith, ed. (1978). Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association, vol. 1. Dordrecht u.a.: Reidel u.a. ISBN .
  8. ^Vishveshwara, edited by S.K. Biswas, D.C.V. Mallik, C.V. (1989). Cosmic Perspectives: Essays Dedicated to the Memory of M.K.V. Bappu (1. publ. ed.). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. ISBN .CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  9. ^Carlson, Shawn (1985). "A double-blind test of astrology"(PDF). Nature. 318 (6045): 419–425. Bibcode:1985Natur.318..419C. doi:10.1038/318419a0.
  10. ^Zarka, Philippe (2011). "Astronomy and astrology"(PDF). Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union. 5 (S260): 420–425. Bibcode:2011IAUS..260..420Z. doi:10.1017/S1743921311002602.
  11. ^Burk, Kevin. "Astrology on the Web: Stars and Signs".
  12. ^Carlson, S. (1983). "Double-blind test of astrology"(PDF). Nature. 318 (6045): 419–425. Bibcode:1985Natur.318..419C. doi:10.1038/318419a0.
  13. ^ abFichten, C.S., & Sunerton, B. (1983). "Popular horoscopes and the "barnum effect"". The Journal of Psychology. 114: 123–134. doi:10.1080/00223980.1983.9915405.
  14. ^Munro, G.D., & Munro, J.E. (2000). "Using daily horoscopes to demonstrate expectancy confirmation". Teaching of Psychology. 27 (2): 114–116. doi:10.1207/S15328023TOP2702_08.
  15. ^Heckman, James J. (2010). "Selection Bias and Self-Selection". Microeconometrics. pp. 242–266. doi:10.1057/9780230280816_29. ISBN .
  16. ^"Where do Zodiac Signs Come From? Here's the True History Behind Your Horoscope".
  17. ^"Addressing astrology and horoscopes". WELS. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  18. ^"Billy Graham: Yes, God created the stars, but not as a means to predict the future". Retrieved 16 October 2020.

Birth chart




Back to Free Reports Home and list of charts


Tips for Entry of Birth Data:


For best results, enter your birth city ONLY in the birthplace location field. Depending on the device you're using, locations with that city name will drop down automatically or you may need to click the arrow at the end of a selection to see the full list. Select your exact birth location from the list. For example, if your birth place is Dallas, Texas, try entering "Dallas" only. A list will appear and you can then choose the correct Dallas location. Once you're happy with your selection, click the Submit button.


IMPORTANT: Double check your data by sending an email to [email protected] with your full birth information. Please tell us why you're writing (example: Double check birth data). We can help you with time zones if needed, as there are some issues regarding the accuracy of time zone information in all astrology software programs. It's a good idea to check that the time zone offset is accurate.


"Time Zone Not Sure" field

Occasionally, a Time Zone Not Sure field appears. Some time zones in the database are either unknown or are subject to special issues or exceptions outlined in this Historical Time Zone Issues article. If after selecting your location and clicking Submit the software refreshes the same screen, you will see a new field under the time field titled "Time Zone Not Sure." In this case, you may need to adjust the numerical value in the field. If the value is correct, simply click Submit again to get to your report.

If you're uncertain, send us an email at [email protected] with your full birth data for help. It's important not to alter the +/- of the entry. Keep in mind that the program converts local time to UT, not the other way around. An example of Time Zone Not Sure dates and locations occurs in the late forties and through the fifties in Illinois when an odd law was in effect regarding recording CDT times in CST. The Time Zone Not Sure field allows you to choose -6 for CST or -5 for CDT. The article referenced just above gives more tips for ambiguous historical time zones.


Please also take special note if a body is at 0 degrees and 00 minutes of a sign. In this case, the program may have rounded up, and the sign may actually be 29 degrees and 59.5 (or greater) of the previous sign and technically in that sign! If you are in this situation, please write to [email protected] with birth data for confirmation.


Do you have questions about this chart service? Please see the Free Reports FAQ. You can also write to [email protected] For more details about the natal chart report, see Understanding the Free Natal Chart Report.


See also video instructions for how to use this Free Reports section of the site here.


Unknown birth times: Checking off "Time Unknown" instructs the program to leave out the Ascendant and house positions in the report, as these cannot be determined with any accuracy without a birth time. For most users, there is nothing special to do - the report is produced without the time-sensitive data.

For those interested in knowing the possible range of signs and degrees on a particular day, read on. The time in the birth time field is used to calculate the positions of the Sun, Moon, and planets. If you are interested in using the best average for the day, you can enter noon. If you are interested in knowing the possible range, you can note the planets' positions for 00:01 and then for 23:59, which will give you this range. On many days, the Moon can be one of two signs, as the Moon changes signs approximately every 2-1/2 days. Less likely but still possible are changes of signs with the Sun and other planets (they may be on a cusp). Again, you can check the range of possible positions. However, without a birth time, you cannot know the precise positions with any certainty.



Chart data is saved in a cookie in your browser. If you clear your cache, the data stored will be erased. However, if you take note of the Profile number and PIN directly below your list of charts, you can log in to a profile with these numbers in order to retrieve the chart data. This is also useful for retrieving stored data on other devices. ***Please note that chart data is saved for convenience, but this storage is temporary, and we cannot guarantee that it will be stored perpetually.*** It's always wise to keep data anonymous by using an initial or pet name in the name field.



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Chart natel

The birth chart is your personal map to the world and self. It’s your unique scope to learn how to relate to others and yourself. Understanding your birth chart isn’t as hard as it looks. I have used my 10-plus years of being a professional astrologer to help break down the astrology chart as simply as possible so you can understand yours and others’ easily.

Let’s get started.

First things first: You’ll need to cast your birth chart. Luckily, this is super-easy to do online. Head over to this site, and enter your birth details (this is the date, time, and location where you were born). The website will generate your free birth chart for you in seconds. Once you have your birth chart, we can get started interpreting it.

The Houses

Each part of the birth chart is divided into 12 different areas. These are called “houses.” They represent different aspects of our lives. To start looking at your houses, you’ll have to start at the middle left-hand side of the chart, where it’s marked “AC,” or there should be a number on the inside of the wheel. Going counterclockwise from that point, you’ll find all the houses in the wheel.

The Meaning of All 12 Houses

First House/Ascendant (AC)/Rising Sign

This is the house of self. It is usually the energy that others notice about us first (the way we dress, carry ourselves, and first approach others). Also, what we put into the world and give off to others. This house is associated with Aries.

Second House

This is the house of personal finances, material objects, confidence, bank accounts, and childhood friends. This house is associated with Taurus.

Third House

The third house represents our relationship with our siblings, how we communicate, short-term travel (and how we get around in cars, trains, and buses), and early childhood education (nursery school to high school). This house is associated with Gemini.

Fourth House/Imum Coeli (IC; this is Latin for “bottom of the sky”)

The fourth house represents our parents, home, personal values, traditions, beliefs, and family. It’s our foundation. This house is associated with Cancer.


Fifth House

This is the house of dating for fun (like casual dating), childbirth and children, creativity, risks, pleasure, and gambling. This house is associated with Leo.

Sixth House

This is the house of mundane day-to-day activities (like chores and errands), routine, health, coworkers, and people we see every day. This house is associated with Virgo.

Seventh House/Descendant

This is the house of partnerships and relationships. It is in direct opposition to the first house of self. This house is associated with Libra.

Eighth House

This is the house of transformation, sex, intimacy, death, other people’s money, loans, taxes, and debt. This house is associated with Scorpio.

Ninth House

This is the house of higher education (college and beyond), long-distance travel, law and order, worldly ideals, and philosophical views. This house is associated with Sagitarrius.

10th House/Midheaven/Medium Coeli (MC; this is Latin for “middle sky”)

This is the house of career and public standing. This house is associated with Capricorn.

11th House

This is the house of humanitarianism, acquaintances, classes, networking, internet relationships, hopes, and visions. This house is associated with Aquarius.


12th House

This is the house of clandestine matters, mental and emotional health, prison, crime and punishment, sleep, fears, and addiction. This house is associated with Pisces.

The Planets

Each planet is key to understanding the energy that lies in the house. Having Mercury in the first house means that you’re talkative; also, Venus in the fifth house can dictate a super-creative person … and so on.

The Sun

The Sun represents our egos, truths, and the strength we have within. The Sun illuminates the best parts of ourselves and individuality. It allows us to give those parts of us to others without losing the sense and awareness we have of ourselves.

The Moon

The Moon represents our emotions and intuition. It shows the deepest and most private parts of our hearts that we don’t share with others but want them to instinctively pick up on. The Moon shows us how we relate to others on a sentimental level and our memories that we have.


Mercury is the planet of communication, travel, information, and news. It makes sure that emails are sent correctly and that our cars are running properly (amongst other things).


Venus is the planet of love, sensuality, comforts, social graces, and money. Also, the relationships and friendships that we have in our lives (both the casual and committed ones).


Mars is the planet of action and passion. It gives us the confidence to take a leap of faith in asking someone out, saying yes to the date, and puts the energy needed into making the connection work.


Jupiter is the planet of luck, long-distance travel, expansiveness, philosophy, education, and wisdom. This means that Jupiter can help grow our minds.



This “heavy” planet ensures longevity in a partnership and creates a bond that cannot easily be broken. It’s the karmic taskmaster of the zodiac that ensures we take care of our personal ventures.


Shake-ups, breakups, and revolutions happen from “Great Awakener” planet Uranus. This planet brings societal change, unconventionality, and growth.


Neptune is the dreamiest planet in the galaxy. This tender planet can bring sentimentality, inspiration, compassion, and mystery. The lower vibration is that it can bring delusions and obsession.


Pluto is the most passionate and desirous planet in the solar system. It helps us evolve and transform (which many people are scared of doing because it leads to the unknown).

True or North Node

This shows what you’re moving toward in this lifetime. It’s where your chart wants you to evolve and strive to grow.

South Node

This is the place you’re moving out of from your previous lives. It’s what you’re releasing in this lifetime.

The Signs

Now that you’ve looked at the houses and the planets, you can add the signs to understand the chart better. Start by looking at the sign that rules the houses. Then look to see what planets are in the houses and what signs they are in. You’ll find that this adds more flavor to understanding your birth chart. For example, having an Aries ascendant (the first house) with Mercury located in this house points to a passionate person who is assertive and talkative.

Look to see the meanings of the signs below:


As the first sign of the zodiac, Aries is known to be passionate and feisty. This action-oriented cardinal fire sign, who’s ruled by the planet Mars, is a go-getter who makes things happen.


Taurus is a fixed Earth sign who is ruled by Venus. This hardworking and indulgent sign is known for its beauty, creativity, sensuality, romantic ideals, and stubborn energy.


Chatty Gemini is a mutable air sign who is responsible for communication, information, gossip, news, and travel. This sign is always in the know due to its planetary ruler, Mercury.


Known for its tender and sentimental nature, this cardinal water sign is the nurturer of the zodiac (being that it’s ruled by the Moon).



Leo is known for their desirous, dramatic, and proud demeanor. The fearless lion is a fixed fire sign, who’s ruled by the Sun, that stands its ground.


As a mutable Earth sign, this Mercurial sign is very reflective and intelligent. Patience and knowledge are its virtues.


This cardinal air sign is ruled by Venus, which means that they are always seeking balance and fairness in relationships.


Scorpio’s traditional planetary ruler is Mars, and its modern planetary ruler is Pluto. This means that the fixed water sign is deep and intuitive.


This mutable fire sign is ruled by Jupiter, making it a beacon for wisdom and philosophy. Globe-trotting Sagittarius is known for its freedom-seeking, adventurous desires.


Saturn rules this cardinal Earth sign, who focus their energy on evolution and power. Growing pains are common for this mature sign.


The traditional planetary ruler is Saturn, and the modern planetary ruler is Uranus for Aquarius. This rebellious and unique fixed air sign is a humanitarian.


Pisces’ traditional planetary ruler is Jupiter, and its modern planetary ruler is Neptune, making this mutable water sign super-emotional and artistic.

This is an overview for the birth chart that can give you a better grasp on how astrology works. There’s more to learn, but mastering these basics can kick-start a journey into understanding yourself better. Also, you’ll begin your adventure as an astrologer. Hopefully, this tutorial opens up your path toward spiritual evolution and growth. Keep this as a guideline for the future if you choose to proceed with your cosmic learning. It also can serve as a great “how-to” lesson for friends and family interested in astrology.

Lisa Stardust is a New York City-based astrologer. Find her on Twitter.

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Natal astrology

Pseudoscience that claims that the positions of stars at birth affect human lives

Natal astrology (also known as genethliacal astrology) is a system of astrology that claims to be able to help shed light on an individual’s personality or path in life.[1] The concept is based on constructing a natal chart for the exact date, time, and location of that individual's birth. Natal astrology can be found in the Indian or Jyotisha, Chinese and Western astrological traditions.

In horoscopic astrology, an individual's personality is determined by the construction of the horoscope or birth chart for the particular individual involved (known as the native) showing the positions of the sun, moon, planets, ascendant, midheaven, and the angles or aspects among them.

Once the horoscope has been constructed the process of interpretation can begin, which involves building a complete picture of the personality of the subject. Interpretation involves three main steps: noting the important features of the chart, and the processes of chart weighting and chart shaping. Chart weighting involves noting the distribution of zodiac signs and houses in the chart, and the significance of this to the overall personality of the native. Chart shaping involves assessing the placement of the planets by aspect and position in the chart, and noting any significant patterns which occur between them.

Astrology is generally considered a pseudoscience by the scientific community. What little statistical evidence exists fails to show a causation between natal birth charts and real world consequences.

Important features[edit]

The important features of every chart to which an astrologer usually gives special attention are the positions of the sun and moon by sign and house, the sign on the ascendant, and the planet that rules that sign, called the ascendant ruler or chart ruler. Also considered important is the first planet to occupy the first, second, or third houses after the ascendant, called the rising planet. This is claimed to be a particularly strong influence in the chart. If no planet occupies the first three houses, then a planet in the twelfth house close to the ascendant can be taken to be the rising planet. Planets that are in conjunction to (right beside) the primary angles of ascendant, midheaven, descendant, or IC (known as angular planets) are also especially considered.

Chart weighting[edit]

Chart weighting begins by listing the sun, moon, planets, ascendant, and midheaven by categories of sign and house and noting the significant categories which appear. For example, a large number of planets appearing in fire signs will give importance or 'weight' to fire sign attributes in the native's personality.[2]

Weighting by sign[edit]

Chart weighting by sign lists the zodiac signs by three main categories - by masculine or feminine signs; by element (fire, earth, air and water) and by quality (cardinal, fixed and mutable). Some astrologers use all ten or eleven planets in the list and nothing else; while others include the ascendant and midheaven, but exclude the modern planets Uranus, Neptune and Pluto on the grounds that their influence is felt by whole generations and so their position by sign cannot have much significance in the individual chart. [3]

These are the planets and their astrological glyphs as most commonly used in Western Astrology.
  • Masculine (Fire and Air signs): The masculine signs are Aries, Gemini, Leo, Libra, Sagittarius, and Aquarius. A native with these signs predominating will tend towards extroversion, confidence and assertiveness, and have the ability to solve problems with courage and enterprise.
  • Feminine (Earth and Water signs): The feminine signs are Taurus, Cancer, Virgo, Scorpio, Capricorn, and Pisces. A native with these signs predominating will tend towards introversion, shyness and passivity, and have the ability to nurture, conserve and solve problems by intuitive means.
  • Fire: The fire signs are Aries, Leo, and Sagittarius. A native with mainly fire signs will be energetic, enthusiastic and optimistic, with a need to be in the center of the action making things happen. They can be egotistical, headstrong and sometimes arrogant, but also can be generous, warm-hearted, and spontaneously kind. Fire subjects are independent and prefer to have control over their own lives, but they can also be sometimes autocratic. A subject lacking fire signs will be fearful or over-cautious, pessimistic and shy, and will lack enthusiasm, confidence and faith in the future. Planets in the 1st, 5th and 9th houses and an emphasis on cardinal signs in the chart will help to compensate for this lack.
  • Earth: The earth signs are Taurus, Virgo, and Capricorn. A native with mainly earth signs will be practical and cautious, sensible and capable and will be happier with concrete things than abstract ideas. They move slowly and carry out their work in a thorough and unhurried manner. Earth subjects are shrewd and careful and need emotional and material security, and will put up with quite a lot to get it. They are generous to those they love, but are otherwise careful not to waste time or money, though there can be a tendency towards meanness. Earth subjects tend to be shy in social situations, and to be slow to commit in love relationships, but are serious when they do. A subject lacking earth signs will lack common sense and practicality and find it difficult to finish anything they start. They may be scatty, unrealistic and clumsy, hopeless with money and unreliable. Planets in the 2nd, 6th and 10th houses and an emphasis on fixed signs in the chart will help to compensate for this lack.
  • Air : The air signs are Gemini, Libra, and Aquarius. A native with mainly air signs will be an excellent communicator, concerned with ideas and theories of all kinds. They are looking for answers to life's questions and make good teachers and writers. Air people are more tense than they appear at first sight and may live on their nerves. They have many friends and acquaintances but may not be particularly interested in family life. They are interested in the latest technologies and are able to do a number of things at once. Air subjects are also very imaginative and quick-witted, but may be sarcastic and rude. A subject lacking air signs will have little imagination and lightness of touch. They have an over-emphasis on practicalities and can lack a sense of humour, and be boring company. They can find it difficult to communicate or to assimilate and explain new ideas. Planets in the 3rd, 7th and 11th houses, and an emphasis on mutable signs in the chart will help to compensate for this lack.
  • Water: The water signs are Cancer, Scorpio, and Pisces. A native with mainly water signs will be very emotional and find it hard to look at anything dispassionately. They tend to respond slowly to questions and need time to grasp a new concept. Water subjects can find it difficult to explain their feelings, and so can be difficult to live with, but they are also kind and sympathetic to those they love. They need to give and receive a lot of affection and will direct it towards family, close friends and animals. A subject lacking water may lack intuition and be unable to see the needs of others. They may be too full of ideas or too fond of the material world to consider their own spiritual needs or those of other people. Planets in the 4th, 8th and 12th houses in the chart will help to compensate for this lack.
  • Cardinal: The cardinal signs are Aries, Cancer, Libra, and Capricorn. A native with mainly cardinal signs will not want to be held under anybody's thumb, and will need to take charge of their own world. Their attention may be concerned with themselves or others, but wherever their energies are directed it is difficult to deflect them from their chosen course. Cardinal signs in a chart will add courage, initiative and self-motivation. Cardinal subjects are hard to influence because they generally believe they know best. A subject lacking cardinal signs may feel they are never in control of their own lives, but are manipulated by people and circumstances beyond their control. They may lack courage and initiative and may prefer others to make decisions for them. Planets in the 1st, 4th, 7th and 10th houses, and an emphasis on fire and air signs in the chart will help to compensate for this lack.
  • Fixed: The fixed signs are Taurus, Leo, Scorpio, and Aquarius. A native with mainly fixed signs has the strength and endurance to see things through and to uphold the status quo. They need stable homes, careers and partnerships and prefer the known to uncertainty. Fixed subjects are loyal and dependable but can be very obstinate. A subject lacking fixed signs cannot stick with anything or see anything through, and will tend to walk away from problems. They may be too easily bored or too busy chasing rainbows ever to make anything substantial happen. Planets in the 2nd, 5th, 8th and 11th houses, or an emphasis on earth in the chart will help to compensate for this lack.
  • Mutable: The mutable signs are Gemini, Virgo, Sagittarius, and Pisces. A native with mainly mutable signs are adaptable, co-operative and friendly. They can fit into almost any situation, put up with anything and turn any situation to their advantage. Mutable people can steer projects through periods of transition and bring them to a successful conclusion. Although gentle and likeable, mutable subjects seem to have more than their fair share of problems and can be selfish and ruthless when they feel threatened. These subjects may devote their lives to helping others, but they can often paradoxically be surprisingly selfish at the same time. Subjects lacking mutable signs may be unable to adapt to any kind of change and be particularly unhappy when faced with uncertainty. They need much notice before they will commit themselves to anything, and lack flexibility and adaptability. They may also hold onto rigid and unchanging views. Planets in the 3rd, 6th, 9th and 12th houses will help to compensate for this lack, and water signs in the chart will make up for the lack of intuition.

Chart signature[edit]

Some astrologers summarise the process of weighting by sign through creating what is called the chart signature.[4] This involves noting which element and quality has the most signs and then combining them into a zodiac sign which is taken to be the signature sign of the chart. So for example, if a person has more fire signs than any other element, and more fixed signs than any other quality, then that person's signature is Leo (the sign which is both fire and fixed).

In some cases there is no clear majority in either element or quality to give a clear signature. In these cases the ruling planet of the sun is noted for its position in the chart (alternatively, the ascendant can be added at this stage if it has not already been included). Whatever sign the ruling planet occupies is then added to the totals for element and quality. So for example, if the Sun is in Taurus, its ruling planet Venus is noted for its position by sign. If Venus is in, say, Pisces, then an additional 'casting vote' is given to the element water and quality mutable. This is usually enough to provide a signature. A 'casting vote' is given in this way on account of the extra importance of the Sun in the natal chart. The signature sign is regarded by those astrologers who use it as frequently having an over-riding influence in the natal chart, irrespective of what sign the sun or ascendant occupies.

Weighting by house[edit]

  • Angular houses : These are the 1st, 4th, 7th, and 10th houses. Planets in these houses exert a strong influence on the subject, and may compensate for a lack of cardinal signs, and strength, courage and enthusiasm elsewhere in the chart.
  • Succedent houses : These are the 2nd, 5th, 8th and 11th houses. These houses are concerned with possessions and creative pursuits, either by those of the subject alone, or with others. Planets in these houses may help to compensate for a lack of fixed signs in the chart.
  • Cadent houses : These are the 3rd, 6th, 9th and 12th houses. Planets in these houses have a lot to do with the subject developing their own unique talents and aptitudes; and may compensate for a lack of mutable signs, and general adaptability in the chart.

Chart shaping[edit]

The ascendant in this sample chart is marked Ascand is in the traditional nine o'clock position of the horoscope

Chart shaping involves examining the placement of the planets in the chart by the aspects they form and by their positioning in the chart relative to one another. Any significant patterns or 'shapes' which occur in the chart are then interpreted for their importance to the personality of the native.

Aspect patterns[edit]

While the astrologer must note every aspect formed by the planets, aspects can be grouped together into larger patterns which must be given particular attention in the chart. The main aspect patterns are as follows:[5]

  • Stellium: At least three planets linked together in a series of continuous conjunctions. The planets will act as if they are all in conjunction with each other, even if not all of them actually are. This pattern gives a huge emphasis to the sign occupied by the planets, regardless of the sun sign.
  • Grand trine: Three trine aspects together. Indicative of a person at ease with him or herself, with strong inner harmony, talents and abilities. However it may make a person unable to cope with any real adversity, and may produce a weak, apathetic and condescending character.
  • Grand cross: Two pairs of opposing planets squared to each other. Often proves to be a "make or break" pattern; either the person develops unusual strength of character, or feels crushed by life. Person will have "a cross to bear".
  • T-Square: Two planets in opposition squared to a third. The tension typical of the opposition aspect is aggravated by additional problems introduced by the third planet. Often an obstructive feature blocking the normal flow of behaviour of the person. Person needs to develop activities represented by the "missing" arm of the T-square to achieve wholeness.
  • Yod: Two quincunxes together joined by a sextile. It indicates restlessness and instability. The person gets drawn into the lives of others in ways that are difficult to avoid, with periodic crises and urgent calls for assistance.


The houses are grouped into four main categories or hemispheres.[6] Horoscopes appear 'upside down' in relation to how the compass points usually appear, with the ascendant marking the eastern horizon traditionally appearing on the left hand side. For this reason the southern hemisphere appears in the upper part of the horoscope.

  • Upper (southern) hemisphere The 7th, 8th, 9th 10th, 11th and 12th houses. A subject with most of his or her planets in this hemisphere will not be too deeply affected by the actions of other people. He or she will be able to distance themselves from those around them and from public events and movements, focusing firmly on their own needs and feelings, or the general cause of humanity that is important to them. If the planets are grouped in the 8th, 9th or 12th houses, the subject will have strong spiritual needs and values. Planets grouped in the 10th house will make the subject ambitious and politically astute; while if they are in the 11th house he or she will be interested in humanitarian causes and education.
  • Lower (northern) hemisphere The 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th houses. A subject with most of his or her planets in this part of the chart will be sensitive to the moods and feelings of others, and may suffer a good deal as a result. The person may try to live through their family rather than for themselves, and may be too subjective in their thinking. They may also choose to do most of their thinking and working at home.
  • Eastern hemisphere The 10th, 11th, 12th, 1st, 2nd, 3rd houses. A subject who has most of his or her planets in this hemisphere will be a self-starter who chooses their own path through life and sets their own boundaries. They are not happy being a burden to other people, or being kept by someone else. They also have the burden themselves of being an initiator at work and in their personal life, as little is likely to be done for them by others. When the planets are in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd houses, the subject is likely to be very self-absorbed and convinced that his or her own opinions are the only ones that matter.
  • Western hemisphere The 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, and 9th houses. A subject with most of these planets in this hemisphere will need to be very diplomatic in order to keep those around him on their side. They may be looked after in some way by others, or else spend their lives supporting and motivating others. When the majority of planets are in the 6th, 7th and 8th houses he or she will use their energy to fulfil the needs to others. The subject may bring about a situation of being needed by bringing a number of children into the world to love and care for.

Jones patterns[edit]

The American astrologer Marc Edmund Jones has listed seven significant patterns which also occur in the chart, based on the positions of the planets relative to one another.[7]

  • Bundle : In this pattern the planets are grouped together so that they form a 'bundle' within the space of 120 degrees, or the equivalent of four signs of the zodiac. This intense concentration of planets produces a person who is equally intense and unrelenting in pursuit of personal interests. Perspective and understanding of others is limited, and it is difficult for this person to share their lives with anyone. The best course of life for such a person is to enter into enterprises that require deep concentration, persistence and commitment, or to specialise in one area of expertise.
  • Bowl : In this pattern the planets are grouped into a 'bowl' of one hemisphere of 180 degrees, or the equivalent of six zodiac signs. The pattern will have particular force if all the planets are contained within one hemisphere. A person with this pattern will be self-contained, and go in search of enterprises that are meaningful, fulfilling and personally relevant. They tend to have a ministerial quality that seeks the right kind of career or vocation that will produce the greatest benefit for themselves and others.
  • Bucket : This pattern is similar to the bowl except that one of the planets is in the opposite hemisphere to all the others. This lone planet, or Singleton, serves as a handle, thus creating a 'bucket' form. The bucket pattern indicates a desire to become associated with activity in the mainstream of society, so that the person feels they belong. However, what this often means is that the person expects the world to discover their own unique talents, rather than them trying to fit in. They will usually direct their efforts to a single purpose, and strive to achieve objectives rather than act solely for their own self-preservation. The person will probably behave according to the nature of the Singleton planet that forms the handle of the pattern. This planet will exercise a greater influence than normal in the chart, and will be an important part of the dynamic of the person's activities and basic energy.
  • Seesaw : In this pattern the planets form two groups on opposite sides of the chart, the groups no less than sixty degrees or two signs apart. As its name suggests, this produces a person who behaves like a 'seesaw', with their life following a pattern of two distinctly contrasting alternatives. The person can find it difficult to integrate these two sharply different parts of their life, which are often in competition with each other. However, success produces the increased sophistication and polished, knowing demeanour of a person who is able to deal with most of life's situations.
  • Locomotive : This pattern is produced when all the planets are contained within 240 degrees or nine signs of the zodiac, so that a whole 120 degrees is completely unoccupied. The planet that rises clockwise following the empty space will significantly influence the life of the person with this pattern, no matter what is indicated by the sun sign. It will act as the 'locomotive' of the natal chart, driving the individual to achieve goals through determined and unrelenting effort, with an exceptional drive and fund of energy at their disposal. Such a person will often be a loner, waiting for the public to discover the truth of what they have been saying all along.
  • Splay : This type of natal chart is noteworthy because of the presence of at least two, but usually three pairs (or conjunctions) of planets randomly distributed in a 'splay' shape around the chart. A person with this pattern will have enormous talent and potential that needs deliberate attention to be developed into worthwhile skills. The person will be an individualist, with no desire for a regimented or highly organized way of life, and they will seek to avoid becoming trapped in routine. However, there is often the difficulty that there is a lack of relevance between the different skill sets, so that the person may not derive the full benefit from them. Such a person needs to concentrate on 'getting their act together'.
  • Splash : As its name suggests this pattern, or rather lack of pattern, occurs when the planets are randomly distributed around the chart in a 'splash'. A person with this pattern will have diversification as their number one asset, with a universal and enriching mental outlook on life. The person will be eager to share their life and resources as universally as possible, wherever the need is greatest. However, as with the splay pattern, there is a danger of the person scattering their energy unproductively.

Scientific appraisal[edit]

Main article: Astrology and science

Carlson's experiment[edit]

Shawn Carlson's double-blind chart matching tests, in which 28 astrologers agreed to match over 100 natal charts to psychological profiles generated by the California Psychological Inventory (CPI) test, is one of the most renowned tests of astrology.[8][9] The experimental protocol used in Carlson's study was agreed to by a group of physicists and astrologers prior to the experiment.[10] Astrologers, nominated by the National Council for Geocosmic Research, acted as the astrological advisors, and helped to ensure, and agreed, that the test was fair.[9]: 117 [11]: 420  They also chose 26 of the 28 astrologers for the tests, the other 2 being interested astrologers who volunteered afterwards.[11]: 420  The astrologers came from Europe and the United States.[9]: 117  The astrologers helped to draw up the central proposition of natal astrology to be tested.[11]: 419  Published in Nature in 1985, the study found that predictions based on natal astrology were no better than chance, and that the testing "clearly refutes the astrological hypothesis".[11]

Dean and Kelly[edit]

The scientist and former astrologer Geoffrey Dean and psychologist Ivan Kelly[12] conducted a large scale scientific test, involving more than one hundred cognitive, behavioural, physical, and other variables, but found no support for astrology.[13] Furthermore, a meta-analysis was conducted pooling 40 studies involving 700 astrologers and over 1,000 birth charts. Ten of the tests, which had a total of 300 participating, involved the astrologers picking the correct chart interpretation out of a number of others which were not the astrologically correct chart interpretation (usually 3 to 5 others). When the date and other obvious clues were removed, no significant results were found to suggest there was any preferred chart.[13]: 190  A further test involved 45 confident[a] astrologers, with an average of 10 years of experience, and 160 test subjects (out of an original sample size of 1198 test subjects) who strongly favoured certain characteristics in the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire to extremes.[13]: 191  The astrologers performed much worse than merely basing decisions off the individuals' ages, and much worse than 45 control subjects who did not use birth charts at all.[b][13]: 191 

Mars effect[edit]

Main article: Mars effect

In 1955, astrologer[15] and psychologist Michel Gauquelin stated that although he had failed to find evidence to support such indicators as the zodiacal signs and planetary aspects in astrology, he had found positive correlations between the diurnal positions of some of the planets and success in professions (such as doctors, scientists, athletes, actors, writers, painters, etc.) which astrology traditionally associates with those planets.[14] The best-known of Gauquelin's findings is based on the positions of Mars in the natal charts of successful athletes and became known as the "Mars effect".[16]: 213  A study conducted by seven French scientists attempted to replicate the claim, but found no statistical evidence.[16]: 213–214  They attributed the effect to selective bias on Gauquelin's part, accusing him of attempting to persuade them to add or delete names from their study.[17]

Geoffrey Dean has suggested that the apparent effect may have been caused by inaccurate self-reporting of birth dates by parents rather than any intentional manipulation of the study results by Gauquelin. The suggestion is that a small subset of the parents may have had changed birth times to be consistent with better astrological charts for a related profession. The sample group was taken from a time when belief in astrology was more common than today. Gauquelin failed to find the Mars effect in more recent populations, in which a nurse or doctor recorded the birth information. The number of births under astrologically undesirable conditions was also lower in the initial study, further indicating that parents had reported dates and times to suit their beliefs.[9]: 116 


  1. ^The level of confidence was self-rated by the astrologers themselves.
  2. ^Also discussed in Martens, Ronny; Trachet, Tim (1998). Making sense of astrology. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books. ISBN .
  1. ^Slack, Jamie (2021-02-16). "What is Natal Astrology?". JKS Astrology. Retrieved 2021-07-12.
  2. ^Sasha Fenton, Understanding Astrology, pp78 - 84, pp141-2, Aquarian Press, London, 1991
  3. ^Jeff Mayo, Teach Yourself Astrology, pp122-23, Hodder and Stoughton, London, 1979
  4. ^Robert Pelletier and Leonard Cataldo, Be Your Own Astrologer, pp44 - 47, Pan Books, London, 1984
  5. ^Robert Pelletier and Leonard Cataldo, Ibid, pp166-68, 1984
  6. ^Sasha Fenton, Ibid, pp68 - 70, 1991
  7. ^Robert Pelletier and Leonard Cataldo, Ibid, pp 162-5, 1984 ; Derek and Julia Parker, The New compleat Astrologer, pp 172-3, Crescent Books, New York, 1990
  8. ^Muller, Richard (2010). "Web site of Richard A. Muller, Professor in the Department of Physics at the University of California at Berkeley,". Retrieved 2011-08-02.My former student Shawn Carlson published in Nature magazine the definitive scientific test of Astrology.
    Maddox, Sir John (1995). "John Maddox, editor of the science journal Nature, commenting on Carlson's test". Retrieved 2011-08-02."... a perfectly convincing and lasting demonstration."
  9. ^ abcdSmith, Jonathan C. (2010). Pseudoscience and extraordinary claims of the paranormal : a critical thinker's toolkit. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN .
  10. ^Zarka, Philippe (2011). "Astronomy and astrology"(PDF). Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union. 5 (S260): 420–425. Bibcode:2011IAUS..260..420Z. doi:10.1017/S1743921311002602.
  11. ^ abcdCarlson, Shawn (1985). "A double-blind test of astrology"(PDF). Nature. 318 (6045): 419–425. Bibcode:1985Natur.318..419C. doi:10.1038/318419a0.
  12. ^Matthews, Robert (17 Aug 2003). "Astrologers fail to predict proof they are wrong". The Telegraph. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
  13. ^ abcdDean G., Kelly, I. W. (2003). "Is Astrology Relevant to Consciousness and Psi?". Journal of Consciousness Studies. 10 (6–7): 175–198.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  14. ^ abGauquelin, Michel (1955). L'influence des astres : étude critique et expérimentale. Paris: Éditions du Dauphin.
  15. ^Pont, Graham (2004). "Philosophy and Science of Music in Ancient Greece". Nexus Network Journal. 6 (1): 17–29. doi:10.1007/s00004-004-0003-x.
  16. ^ abCarroll, Robert Todd (2003). The skeptic's dictionary : a collection of strange beliefs, amusing deceptions, and dangerous delusions. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. ISBN .
  17. ^Benski, Claude, with a commentary by Jan Willem Nienhuys; et al. (1995). The "Mars effect : a French test of over 1,000 sports champions. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books. ISBN .

Further reading[edit]

  • Kevin Burk, Astrology: Understanding the Birth Chart. Llewellyn Publications (USA, 2001) ISBN 1-56718-088-4.

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Already less distinctly, falling asleep, the spouse spoke. I closed my eyes and thought how lucky I was to meet Anya. We met three years ago at a banal disco. I was already thirty-two years old then.

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