If you’re new to music and want to learn how to play an instrument, the ukulele just might be your best bet. Everything from its small size to how easy it is to play basic chords makes the uke one of the friendliest instruments on the planet for complete beginners. But even with how easy this amazing instrument is to learn, you’ll still need some guidance if you want to get the most out of the ukulele. This is a special Musika Lessons ukulele tutorial. In this article, we’ll show everything you need to know how to play the ukulele.
To get the most out of this ukulele tutorial, you’ll need a few things to get started:
These are devices designed to help keep your instrument in tune. They can detect pitches and tell you if your strings are too high (sharp) or low (flat). Your local music store will have many external tuner options, or you could download a free or inexpensive tuning app straight to your smartphone.
Metronomes are designed to produce audible beat sequences. These devices are important for developing rhythm, a skill you’ll absolutely need in playing the ukulele.
-Pen and paper
If you want to get the most out of this ukulele tutorial, write down the chords and scales you see here so you can remember it later.
Let’s get started!
What the heck is a ukulele anyway?
Ukuleles are similar to modern classical guitars, but with some pretty noticeable differences. They’re about a fifth the size of a typical classical guitar and include only four nylon strings compared to the guitar’s six. A typical guitar is tuned sequentially from low to high, but the ukulele’s top string is tuned higher than the rest. There’s a few different types, but this ukulele tutorial is based in the most common ukulele, which is called the soprano ukulele.
Where did the uke come from?
Ukuleles are Hawaiian adaptations of Portuguese instruments called machetes, which are basically miniature versions of the classical guitar. We have 19th century Portuguese immigrants to thank for bringing machetes over to Hawaii, which have slowly evolved into the modern ukulele over the past century. In 2017, the ukulele is now one of the world’s most popular instruments and is featured in a broad range of popular music.
Why the uke is so easy to learn
The uke is an awesome choice for people of every age and background because it’s so easy to learn. Ukuleles are easy to hold and their strings are easily pressed down. The strings on electric and acoustic guitars take a long time to learn how to press down and can be uncomfortable to play at first. And with only four strings, even the more complex ukulele chords aren’t that difficult to play. The uke is also a great introduction for the guitar. Most of the skills you develop on the ukulele can easily be transferred to the guitar.
Soprano ukulele tuning
Like we mentioned before, ukuleles are typically tuned with the highest string placed where the guitar’s lowest string is. If you’re a guitarist learning ukulele for the first time, this might be a strange thing to get used to. The uke’s strings are tuned to G, C, E and A. We like the acronym “Greedy Cats Eat Avocados,” but feel free to create your own to help you memorize the uke’s string names.
Before you play the ukulele, make sure your strings are correctly tuned to the correct pitches. You won’t be able to play basic things like chords or scales on your uke unless every string is in tune.
Hard pick vs fingertips
You have the option of using a hard pick or your fingertips for strumming the strings of the ukulele. Both options are perfectly fine, but we recommend using your fingertips because playing with a pick can sometimes be a little too cumbersome for beginners.
To help introduce you to the ukulele, we’re going to first introduce you to scales. Scales are step-by-step sequences of note patterns that explore different major and minor keys in music. There’s many different scales you can learn, but the good news for uke players is that any scale can be moved to different spots around the uke so long as it doesn’t use any open strings. This means that learning just a few scales will give you easy access to tons of other major and minor scales.
Major scales are scales that outline major keys. This G major scale doesn’t use any open strings, which means it can be moved to other keys and spots around the uke. We’re using tabs to teach you these scales. Each line represents a string, and the number represent the individual frets you’ll play.
Minor scales are scales that outline minor keys. In music, there’s three different types of minor scales: natural, melodic and harmonic. The scale we’re showing you here in this ukulele tutorial is the natural minor scale, which is the most common of the three minor scales. We’re going to show you how to play an E natural minor scale. The key of E minor is a relative minor to the key of G major, which means that both G major and E minor share the same notes but begin in different places.
To play these scales with your fingertips, simply alternate between plucking the strings with your right hand’s index and middle fingers. If you’re using a pick, alternate between picking down and up. Once you’ve memorized each scale, practice both of them to the steady click of a metronome. Move these scales to different spots around the uke when you feel ready.
The various chords we hear in music are built off of two or more different pitches played simultaneously. Pretty much all of the tonal music (music with notes and harmonies) we hear in popular culture features different repeating progressions of chords.
There are three basic types of chords found in music: major, minor and diminished. Major chords sound full and complete, while minor chords sound morose, pensive and dramatic. Diminished chords sound dissonant and jarring. Composers and songwriters use these basic chords as a platform to build their music on. A song’s most noticeable feature is its melody, but everything about that melody is dictated by the chords it’s played over.
To introduce you to chords, we’re going to show you how to play chords from a couple of simple keys in music. The chords found in these keys are found in hundreds of songs in music, and the chords found in songs played on other instruments like the piano or guitar can easily be adapted to the ukulele.
Each chord found in major and minor keys is built off of the individual notes found in major and minor scales. The sequence of major, minor and diminished chords in these keys is permanent and applies to every key:
Major keys: 1. Major 2. Minor 3. Minor 4. Major 5. Major 6. Minor 7. Diminished
Minor keys: 1. Minor 2. Diminished 3. Major 4. Minor 5. Minor 6. Major 7. Major
Starting with the key of C major, memorize each chord and then focus on transitioning from chord to chord. As soon as you can, start practicing these transitions to the slow click of a metronome. If you’re interested in learning how to play songs, the best way to prepare is to learn how to play as many chords as you can.
There’s many other extended chords, chord voicings and different chords from other keys out there, but what we’ve showed you here is more than enough to get you started.
Strumming chords on the ukulele
The key to strumming chords on the uke is to keep things as simple as possible. Playing strumming patterns that are too busy and complicated might take away from the song instead of adding to it. With the chords we just showed you, try a simple eighth note strumming pattern. With your right hand thumb and index fingers touching, lightly strum up and down for each chord as you count 1-and-2-and-3-and-4-and. When you’re confident, feel free to try tackling other strumming patterns, but the beauty of the ukulele is how simple of an instrument it is, so don’t feel like you need to learn anything too complicated if you don’t have to.
The 12-Bar Blues
Now that you’re familiar with chords, we’re going to show you how to play a simple chord progression called the 12-bar blues. Originally developed in the American blues music tradition, the 12-bar blues is now found in practically every musical genre you can think of. These chord progressions feature repeating sequences of 1, 4 and 5 chords. It can be adapted to any key, tempo and time signature. To make things easy, we’ll show you how to play a version of the 12-bar blues in the key of C. Each chord symbol gets four beats of rhythm in the simplest version of the 12-bar blues:
Arpeggios are sequences of notes that outline chords. Knowing how to play some simple major and minor arpeggios is helpful if you’re ever interested in learning how to write or improvise on the ukulele. Like scales, these shapes can easily be moved to other keys around the uke if they don’t include any open strings.
You can practice these major and minor arpeggios by creating a simple drill for yourself that has you transition from one arpeggio to another without pausing. Make sure to practice with a metronome and to use alternate picking whether you’re playing with a hard pick or your fingertips.
Put your uke skills to the test
Now that we’ve showed you how to tune and play chords, scales and arpeggios, you’re finally ready to learn your first song. Set in the key of C, “Stay With Me” by Sam Smith features simple chords that can be played on the ukulele with a simple strumming pattern. Are you ready?
To practice, you can play along to the recorded version of this song or you can try singing and playing at the same time. Singing while playing the uke is a skill that takes time to develop, but the ukulele is an amazing instrument to sing and play to, so it’s well worth the trouble to learn. You now have all the skills and material you need to play the ukulele, but don’t stop here! There’s a ton of phenomenal free resources out there to help you master the ukulele, and and we recommend working with an experienced teacher in your area if you need some extra guidance. For more helpful articles about the world of music, check out the Musika Lessons blog.
Your First Ukulele Lesson: A Beginner’s Guide to Playing Ukulele
BY HEIDI SWEDBERG | FROM THE FALL 2019 ISSUE OF UKULELE
So, you want to learn how to play a ukulele? Welcome! The first thing to notice is all the encouraging, happy people around you, cheering you on and helping you out. The ukulele is a social instrument, a song machine that magnetically draws people together to enjoy themselves. Be warned: The ukulele spirit is highly contagious. As soon as you master your first chords, strums, and songs you may find that you, too, are moved to share it with a friend.
A Note On Hands & ‘Handedness’ on Ukulele
Both hands have much work to do! One is the chording hand, holding down strings, while the other hand is the strumming or “speaking” hand. Most people, even some lefties, will strum with their right hands and chord with their left. But some lefties find expressing rhythm challenging with their non-dominant hand. They have two choices: to flip it around, play upside-down-backwards, and devise their own chord shapes, or to restring their instrument. Restringing is simple and can liberate a lefty from debilitating frustration. For our purposes, I may refer to the strumming hand as the right hand and the chording as the left. Also, chord diagrams are always drawn in the standard right-handed fashion. If you are a lefty who has restrung, you probably know what to do—flip all diagrams and instructions to make them left-centric.
All players will find things are much easier when the nails of the chording hand are cut very short. The strumming hand can have longer nails, as they can serve as picks—or plectrums as they are known in British countries.
Holding The Uke
Start your musical journey on good footing and learn to hold your ukulele. In the Suzuki violin method, an enormous amount of time is spent learning the proper way to hold the instrument and bow. Kids begin with a box and a stick until the teacher knows they are ready for the real thing. Uke is much more forgiving, but it’s important to strive for good technique right from the start. A little mindfulness at first means you won’t have to unlearn bad habits later and may keep you from straining your tendons.
Standing or sitting, the instrument should be held close against your body. Many people use a strap to keep their instrument in an optimum position, but others prefer not to. Without a strap, the right forearm secures the instrument against the chest. For now, let your left hand hold the neck where it reaches the headstock, loosely. If you’re sitting, choose a chair without arms. Slumping back will make things harder, so until you are a confident player, sit up at the edge of your seat. Try crossing your right leg over your left and let it rest gently against your thigh. Allow your shoulders to relax. Don’t forget to breathe!
Thumb Strum & Your First Chord
Place your fingers between the frets, with a gentle arch to each finger, with your thumb on the back of the neck, opposite your index finger.
The strings are numbered 4-3-2-1 from top to bottom. Gently stroke the strings with the pad of your thumb, one at a time. Anywhere you are comfortable strumming is fine, but the sweet spot is right in the area where the neck meets the body. Sing along with the numbers of the strings (4-3-2-1) and the pitches (G C E A). Now, play them again while saying the words to the classic melody associated with ukulele tuning, “My Dog Has Fleas!”
It’s a nice, soft sound. Now strum all four strings together while you count a steady rhythm: 1-2-3-4, 1-2-3-4…. Sing the song “Row, Row, Row Your Boat” along with your strum. (Hint: if you’re having a tough time finding the first note, it is C. Pluck the third string to help get you started. Remember to count your strings upward from the bottom!) Over time, your strum will develop to use other fingers and patterns, but steady, rhythmic down strokes are the foundation.
When you play all the open strings together, the notes you strum make a chord called C6. The C6 chord is comprised of the notes G C E A. Sound familiar? Those are the notes we tune our ukuleles to! It’s called “C tuning” and is the most common way to tune a ukulele. (You may find old books that ask you to tune lower, to Bb tuning, and in Canada, many people tune higher, to D. The music you find online and in contemporary books will invariably call for C tuning.) This chord is made up of all “open” strings, that is, there is no chording going on with the left hand.
The Chording Hand & The C7 Chord
Pretend you have a sock puppet on your hand and you are making it talk. Most likely your wrist is straight, and your four fingers are in a line, tapping on your thumb. Make that puppet look at you. That’s a great start for how your left hand should be aligned on the instrument.
Now, bring your hand around under the headstock and put the neck of your instrument in the puppet’s mouth, and locate the first string (that’s the one closest to the floor, the A string). Place the tips of your fingers in between the frets, with your index finger on fret 1, middle finger on 2, ring finger on 3, pinkie on 4. Let your fingers curve gently. Your thumb should be lined up with the index finger on the back of the neck, and your wrist should still be unbent. Remove all but your index finger. It should be on the first string, first fret. If you could make the instrument disappear, your hand would look like an “OK” sign, with the fingers gently curved, thumb touching index finger, wrist still straight. Now strum the strings. Congratulations, you are forming a C7 chord—now you can accompany yourself while you sing a one-chord song, like “Old Joe Clark.” (You can hear and learn this old favorite in the related video content.)
Chord shapes will become second nature after lots of practice, but until then, chord diagrams are handy reminders of how to finger a chord. The dark horizontal line on top represents the nut of the ukulele, and the four vertical lines are the strings, from left to right: 4 3 2 1. The thin horizontal lines are the frets. If you laid your instrument vertically next to a chord diagram they would correspond. The dots represent your finger on the string, and sometimes have a number inside to instruct your finger choice. Look at the C7 and F diagrams above and finger those chords.
Reading Chord Diagrams
Many times, familiar songs are written out “campfire style,” with chord names or diagrams above the lyrics. The chords should appear directly above the syllable where they change. “Happy Birthday to You” is the epitome of a song everyone knows, and a perfect song to play with your first two chords. Bring your uke to the next birthday party you are invited to and try it out. You may witness a miracle—everyone singing together in the same key!
The starting pitch is C. Find your note on the third string and sing the beginning of the song to yourself before you start. The rhythm of this song is 1–2–3, 1–2–3. Strum that rhythm, holding down a C7 chord and counting to get a feel for it, and then begin singing “Happy…” on the third beat. When you get to “Birth…” switch to F, and so forth. It may be hesitant at first, but the goal is to keep a steady rhythm while strumming and singing and changing chords. Play and sing along with this song and check out the video above.
The F Chord
The fingers of the fretting hand are numbered 1–4, index through pinky, but for clarity, we will call them by name. When you are playing your C7 chord, the index finger is on the first string, first fret. Shift that fingertip up one string so it is now on the second string, first fret. Now take your middle finger and put its tip on the fourth (the top) string, second fret. That’s an F chord. Give it a strum. Make sure you are on your fingertips; if your fingers are touching other strings the chord won’t ring clearly. While you are exploring, keep an eye on your wrist and thumb. Keep them relaxed and in proper position. Now is the time to develop great habits. Experiment with changing between F and C7. You will notice that the middle finger lifts off, and the index can easily shift down to the first string. Create a map between them in your mind and find an economy of movement. Once you feel fluid, strum four slow, even beats on each chord, anticipating when you are about to change. Once that is successful, speed up or reduce the number of beats.
Learn The G7 Chord
Position your fingers for an F chord (as always, check that rascally thumb!). To switch from F to G7, the index finger stays anchored on the 2nd string. The middle stays on the second fret but drops to the 3rd string. Now add the ring finger on to the first string, second fret. Being on your fingertips and proper thumb position will make this snug position possible. Notice that this chord shape looks like a triangle pointing towards the nut. Give a strum and adjust your fingers until it rings clear. Sometimes it will take a while to build finger strength and dexterity. Be kind to yourself as you work and know that training your body is a process. This is the most demanding chord in this lesson, so pat yourself on the back! Try switching from F to G7 in the manner you learned the transition from F to C7, and then work the G7 to C7 move.
Need some chords to start playing your favorite songs? Download our FREE ukulele chord chart!
Practice With A Song
Practicing is so much more fun when you are strumming a song, so let’s play. F, G7, and C7, in that order, are the chords you need to play and sing “99 Bottles of Beer on the Wall.” By the time you get to the last bottle you will be an expert on your chord changes (and perhaps tipsy). Another fun song to sing and play is a traditional song from Hawaii with the same progression, “Popoki Make a Cat,” which comes with an extra bonus: a Hawaiian language lesson! If you don’t yet read notes, you can learn by ear with the video.
Home Base: The C Major Chord
You have learned C6 and C7 chords, now let’s learn a C major chord. Make your sock puppet hand, and again position it on your ukulele, thumb on the back of the neck, and all four fingers on the first string. Release all but the thumb and ring finger, which ought to be on the third fret. Strum! C major is a chord you will be playing a lot of. Because our instruments are tuned in C tuning, the C chord is like home base.
You can hear that a C major sounds different from the C7 and C6 chords. Without diving into music theory, an explanation: The “C” in the chord name tells us that these are all chords based on the note C. The number or word after the “C” tells us what flavor, or qualities they have, like a musical adjective. Major chords, because they are the most frequently used, and have a neutral “flavor” are usually written without an adjective, that is, we simply say “C” for C major.
Rhythm Drives Music
Bob Marley’s “Three Little Birds” is a fun, perennial favorite. It uses chords from our starter pack and is easy to play and sing, especially because you may already be familiar with the tune and catchy, repetitive lyrics. This song is enlivened by a strong backbeat, and a good chance to try out some easy strum variations.
1 and 2 and 3 and 4 and 1 and 2 and 3 and 4 and … This rhythm is the bones of most of the songs we know. The numbers are the beats and are when we strum down the strings, or downstrokes. They are arranged in groups of four, and as this is the most common rhythm in music, we call it “common time.” The ands are the upstrokes. It’s hard to strum up with the thumb, so this is where we introduce the right-hand fingers.
Relax and pretend you are standing over the kitchen sink, shaking off water off your hand without making a mess. There is probably a small movement from the elbow, a little twist of the wrist, and a flick of the fingers. That’s what a good strum should look like. You can use just the index finger, or a combination of several fingers. Use what is comfortable. Everyone develops his or her own style; the most important thing is to keep steady and relaxed.
We bring variety to our playing by leaving beats out or giving them emphasis (accent). For a simple backbeat strum, play only the even beats: that is, beats 2 and 4. Another backbeat can be achieved by leaving all the downbeats out and only playing the upstrokes, or ands.
A little more complicated is the “doo wack-a do” strum. On beats 1 and 3 you do a light, partial down strum, just brushing the fourth string, then you give a solid accented down strum on the even beats, and play the up beat afterwards. If you were counting it out, it would go like this: one two and three four and one two and three four and. Or down down up down down up, or do wack-a do wack-a do…
Due to copyright restrictions, we are unable to post notation or tablature for this musical work. If you have a digital or physical copy of the Fall 2019 issue, you will find the music on page 18.
Using the chords in our starter pack, you can play thousands of songs. Really! Ask friends in your newfound ukulele community for their favorites, or search for your own online. You are hooked! Spread the joy and share this lesson with someone you love. Play along to the video above, because music is always more fun when you play with friends!
Reading music for ukulele is easy! Download our FREE primer on ukulele notation, covering all of the notational aspects you’ll typically find on these pages, for any type of ukulele.
If strumming doesn’t come naturally to you, fear not! This FREE Strumming 101 Lesson download is for anyone who can use some solid tips for common rhythmic grooves.
The ukulele is currently meeting its prime time with its constantly growing mainstream popularity. The instrument has sneaked its way into current pop songs and popular TV show theme songs which compel and inspire amateur musicians to make their own covers and renditions.
YouTube is known to be a go-to platform of all tutorials from video editing to make up, so it’s only safe to assume that there should be at least a few channels out there dedicated to ukulele tutorials.
This list will give you not just one, but eight fun, creative, and educational YouTube channels for anyone who wants to learn how to play the ukulele.
1. Uke Like The Pros
Skill level: Beginner to Advanced
Uke Like The Pros offers learning courses and mini-courses for aspiring ukulele players. The site is spearheaded by the leading ukulele instructor Terry Carter who worked with artists such as Weezer and Josh Groban. If you are planning to further your education on learning how to tune and hone your craft in playing the ukulele, we recommend visiting Terry’s YouTube channel.
2. The Ukulele Teacher
Skill level: Beginner to Advanced Beginner
If you search for “ukulele tutorial” on YouTube’s search bar, the first video entry from the results will most likely come from The Ukulele Teacher. This channel is popular for making ukulele tutorials of popular songs both old and new, from Justin Bieber to Bryan Adams. The Ukulele Teacher’s videos are hard to miss with their colorful and quirky thumbnails. John Atkins, the person behind the channel, has a very spontaneous and engaging approach so every tutorial doesn’t seem too formal. Viewers will get the feel of being taught by an old friend or your friend’s dad (if they knew how to play). The Ukulele Teacher also provides tutorials for beginners like learning how to strum, how to read tabs, how to sing while playing and other ukulele-related videos including ukulele unboxing and product reviews.
3. One Music School
Skill level: Advanced Beginner to Intermediate
One Music School offers both ukulele tutorials of the newest pop songs on the radio and tips and tricks on how to play and take care of your instrument. Katie Denure, the teacher behind the videos, has a more formal yet friendly approach to her lessons. Not only does she have a clear and concise way of explaining chords and tablatures, but she has an amazing modulated voice when she sings along to the songs. One Music School’s videos are catered to advanced beginner ukulele players who at least have a foundation on the instrument. Additionally, One Music School also provides song tutorials on the guitar.
4. Ten Thumbs Productions
Skill level: Intermediate
Ten Thumbs Productions provides a crash course in becoming a pro ukulele player. While the channel provides easy tutorials of past and present rock songs, Ten Thumbs Productions specializes in intermediate techniques in playing the ukulele like playing in the style of blues and reggae, playing unusual chords, playing solos and improvisations, and others. The channel basically teaches you not only how to play an existing song, but also how to play your own original song by teaching you techniques and exercises performed by ukulele professionals. Most of the channel’s lessons require the player to have a foundation in music theory so beginners might be a little intimidated by this channel’s content.
5. Cynthia Lin
Skill level: Intermediate
Cynthia Lin is an independent jazz ukulele musician on YouTube. Her channel is a hodge podge of go-to YouTuber content like vlogs and original music, but she manages to sneak in ukulele tutorials every now and then. The songs she provides tutorials on are usually fun and complex, requiring players to at least have a solid foundation on chord changes, strumming, and fingerpicking. Because of this, Cynthia always provides downloadable PDF chord charts of her tutorials to help the player practice until they’re comfortable enough to sing along with her.
6. Ukulele Underground
Skill level: Advanced Beginner to Intermediate
Ukulele Underground is a one-stop hang out for ukulele lessons. Their pop song tutorials are straightforward and not watered down so one would have to have a strong grasp on their chords and chord switching. Their Webcam Sessions series cover almost everything from beginner lessons reading tabs and handling a ukulele correctly to playing scales and blues solos. The channel also provides jamming sessions that intermediate players can watch and play along. The only thing one can pick from this channel is that their videos can be lengthy, most of them exceeding ten minutes.
7. Ukulele Mike
Skill level: Advanced Beginner to Intermediate
Ukulele Mike is your friendly ukulele grandpa on YouTube who teaches you how to play classic go-to ukulele tunes. His song selections are simple and familiar but one has to have a good foundation of playing chords and reading tabs to follow his tutorials. His videos vary from playing Disney songs to Beatles hits to popular classical music pieces to blues improvisations and scale exercises. His videos are warm and straightforward with varying backdrops to show the viewers that you can play the ukulele anywhere.
8. Ukulele Cheats
Skill level: Beginner to Advanced Beginner
Ukulele Cheats is perfect for music savvy players who want to learn edgier modern rock and alternative anthems. Vasco, the creator of Ukulele Cheats, has an eclectic song selection that is reminiscent of a road trip mixtape with artists like Oasis, Fugees, Pixies, 2Pac, and Nirvana — basically a music paradise for 90s kids. Ukulele Cheats also offers beginner lessons categorized into different playlists which are suitable for beginners. His videos are easy and pleasing to the eyes with the variety of backdrops he uses, and his friendly boy-next-door approach makes learning easy and less of a chore.
9. Elise Ecklund
Skill level: Advanced Beginner
Elise Ecklund is a YouTuber whose content consists of vlogs, reaction videos, and covers, but she also does ukulele and guitar tutorials to current pop hits. Her tutorials are easy but quite fast-paced so it’s good to have firm basic knowledge on chords and tabs. Her videos are nothing but boring since she exudes a quirky and personable character that makes learning fun and exciting. Apart from her tutorials, she is also popular for her “four chords” series where she takes a medley of songs and plays them with only four chords. Ecklund was featured in our “Ukulele Video of the Week” with her successful “Despacito” ukulele cover.
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Now, Seryozha, we only have to put on shoes. Dima, well, really, be gentle. You see - how the circumstances turned around. Yes, I understand everything, - the guy muttered. - Everything will be fine.YOUR FIRST UKULELE LESSON (Taught by a music teacher!)
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