2018 iphone

Apple revealed to the world three new iPhones today at its annual event in Cupertino, California. Each is an addition to last year's iPhone X line, and bound to whip up an excessive amount of Apple fervor—and add to Apple's deep coffers. The trio of iPhone Xs, iPhone Xs Max, and iPhone XR follows the Goldilocks rule: There's one for everyone. And none of them have home buttons. Here's the run-down on each model.

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Justin SullivanGetty Images

iPhone Xs: The Upgraded One

The iPhone Xs has the most storage you can get for an Apple product: 512GB. Pre-order starts September 14 at 12:01 a.m. PDT.

The Specs

  • 5.8-inch Super Retina OLED display
  • 3 storage options: 64GB, 256GB, and 512GB
  • $999 starting price
  • 3 color options: gold, space gray, and silver
  • dual 12MP wide-angle and telephoto cameras
  • Face ID
  • better splash, water, and dust resistance
  • A12 bionic chip
  • Apple Pay

iPhone Xs Max: The Huge One

The iPhone Xs Max has everything the iPhone Xs has to offer, but with a larger screen—the biggest display available on an Apple phone. The phone is still the same size as the iPhone 8 Plus, though. Pre-order starts September 14 at 12:01 a.m. PDT.

The Specs

  • 6.5-inch Super Retina OLED screen
  • 3 storage options: 64GB, 256GB, and 512GB
  • $1,099 starting price
  • 3 color options: gold, space gray, and silver
  • dual 12MP wide-angle and telephoto cameras
  • 4k video recording
  • Face ID
  • better splash, water, and dust resistance
  • A12 bionic chip
  • Apple Pay

Justin SullivanGetty Images

iPhone XR: The Affordable One

Well, it's the affordable one relatively speaking. Pre-order for the iPhone XR starts October 19 at 12:01 a.m. PDT.

The Specs

  • 6.1-inch Liquid Retina LCD display
  • three storage options: 64GB, 128GB, and 256GB
  • $749 starting price
  • six color options: Product (RED), yellow, white, coral, black, and blue
  • 12MP wide-angle camera
  • 4k video recording
  • Face ID
  • better splash, water, and dust resistance
  • A12 Bionic chip
  • Apple Pay

Sarah RenseSarah Rense is the Lifestyle Editor at Esquire, where she covers tech, food, drinks, home, and more. 

This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. You may be able to find more information about this and similar content at piano.io

Sours: https://www.esquire.com/lifestyle/a23099587/new-apple-iphones-2018/

iPhone Xs and iPhone Xs Max bring the best and biggest displays to iPhone

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PRESS RELEASESeptember 12, 2018

Most Advanced iPhone Ever Features a 5.8-Inch and 6.5-Inch All-Screen Design, with Powerful A12 Bionic Chip and a Breakthrough Dual Camera System

Introducing iPhone Xs and iPhone Xs Max, the most advanced iPhones ever.

Cupertino, California — Apple today announced iPhone Xs and iPhone Xs Max, the most advanced iPhones ever, taking the vision for the future of the smartphone to a new level. The 5.8-inch iPhone Xs and 6.5-inch iPhone Xs Max feature stunning Super Retina displays, a faster and improved dual camera system that offers breakthrough photo and video features, the first 7-nanometer chip in a smartphone — the A12 Bionic chip with next-generation Neural Engine — faster Face ID, wider stereo sound, a beautiful new gold finish and introduces Dual SIM to iPhone. iPhone Xs and iPhone Xs Max will be available for pre-order beginning Friday, September 14 and in stores beginning Friday, September 21.

iPhone Xs and iPhone Xs Max come in gorgeous gold, space grey and silver finishes.

“iPhone Xs is packed with next-generation technologies and is a huge step forward for the future of the smartphone. Everything is state of the art including the industry-first 7-nanometer A12 Bionic chip with 8-core Neural Engine, faster Face ID and an advanced dual camera system that shoots Portrait mode photos with Smart HDR and dynamic depth of field,” said Philip Schiller, Apple’s senior vice president of Worldwide Marketing. “iPhone Xs is not one, but two new iPhone models, and iPhone Xs Max offers the biggest display ever in an iPhone with the biggest battery ever in an iPhone, delivering up to an hour and a half more battery life in your day.”

Featuring the best and biggest displays ever in an iPhone.

Two All-Screen Designs

iPhone Xs and iPhone Xs Max build on the all-screen design of iPhone X and feature the sharpest displays with the highest pixel density of any Apple device. Now offered in 5.8-inch and 6.5-inch sizes,1 these Super Retina displays with a custom OLED design support Dolby Vision and HDR10 and have iOS system-wide colour management for the best colour accuracy in the industry. iPhone Xs and iPhone Xs Max offer a million-to-one contrast ratio with remarkable brightness and true blacks while showing 60 percent greater dynamic range in HDR photos. iPhone Xs Max delivers a more immersive experience with over 3 million pixels for videos, movies and games, offering the largest display ever in an iPhone in a footprint similar to iPhone 8 Plus.

5.8-inch and 6.5-inch Super Retina displays are the sharpest with the highest pixel density of any Apple device.

A surgical grade stainless steel band now in gold joins finishes in silver and space grey. Wider stereo playback creates a more immersive soundstage. The front and back glass design features the most durable glass ever in a smartphone with improved scratch resistance, while the glass back enables faster wireless charging. iPhone Xs and iPhone Xs Max reach a new level of splash and water resistance of IP68 for up to 2 meters for 30 minutes and protects against everyday spills including coffee, tea and soda.2

iPhone Xs and iPhone Xs Max are splash- and water-resistant rated IP68 and protect against everyday spills including coffee, tea and soda.

A12 Bionic and Next-Generation Neural Engine

The Apple-designed A12 Bionic, the smartest and most powerful chip in a smartphone, features the first 7-nanometer chip ever in a smartphone that delivers industry-leading performance in a more power-efficient design. A12 Bionic features a six-core fusion architecture with two performance cores that are up to 15 percent faster, four efficiency cores that are up to 50 percent more efficient, a four-core GPU that is up to 50 percent faster, powerful Apple-designed Image Signal Processor (ISP), video encoder and more. A fast storage controller can deliver iPhone storage up to 512GB. All of this unlocks new experiences for games, photography, video editing and graphics-intensive apps. Even with all this power, iPhone Xs offers 30 minutes longer than iPhone X, and iPhone Xs Max offers an hour and a half longer than iPhone X, between charges.

A12 Bionic unlocks new experiences for AR, games, photography, video editing, graphics-intensive apps and more.

The next-generation Neural Engine is built for advanced machine learning in everything from photography to augmented reality. A new eight-core design allows it to complete up to 5 trillion operations per second compared to 600 billion in A11 Bionic. This enables new capabilities like faster plane detection for ARKit and new features that use real-time machine learning. For the first time the Neural Engine is open to Core ML, empowering developers to build apps that utilise this highly efficient machine learning engine. Core ML running on the A12 Bionic Neural Engine is up to nine times faster than on A11 Bionic, with as little as one-tenth the energy usage.

Breakthrough 12MP Dual Camera System

iPhone Xs continues to bring innovations to photography, things not possible before iPhone. Capabilities like advanced depth segmentation using the Neural Engine, Smart HDR creating photos with high dynamic range and great image detail, advanced bokeh quality in Portrait mode photos and dynamic depth of field that is user adjustable in the Photos app, are all huge improvements in state-of-the-art photographic techniques that everyone can use.

A breakthrough new 12MP dual camera system with 2x optical zoom and dual optical image stabilisation introduce a new era of iPhone photography.

The 12-megapixel dual camera system features dual optical image stabilisation with 2x optical zoom, while a new sensor is twice as fast. Smart HDR creates photos with more highlights and shadow detail. Larger and deeper pixels improve image fidelity and low-light performance. 

Advanced Portrait mode comes to iPhone Xs and iPhone Xs Max for even more sophisticated bokeh.

Advanced Portrait mode comes to iPhone Xs and iPhone Xs Max for even more sophisticated bokeh.

Advanced depth segmentation in Portrait mode enables more sophisticated portraits with professional-level bokeh. New Depth Control allows users to dynamically adjust the depth of field both in real-time preview3 and post-capture to create portraits with a beautiful background blur. Portrait mode with Depth Control is also available on the TrueDepth camera for selfies, which includes Memoji and faster face tracking support for third-party ARKit apps.

Depth Control allows users to adjust the background blur in Portrait mode photos.

iPhone Xs and iPhone Xs Max deliver the highest quality video capture in a smartphone. The larger pixels and larger, faster sensor enable improved low-light performance and video stabilisation, as well as extended dynamic range for more highlight and shadow detail in video modes up to 30 frames per second. Using the four built-in mics, users can also record stereo sound to get the most out of video recordings.

iPhone Xs and iPhone Xs Max shoot the highest‑quality video of any smartphone with better low-light performance and extended dynamic range.

Advanced Technologies

Face ID, the most secure facial authentication system ever in a smartphone, is now even faster. The TrueDepth camera system uses precision depth-sensing technology that goes far beyond the capabilities and security of two-dimensional facial scanners and enables users to unlock iPhone, use Apple Pay, gain access to secure apps and many more features with a simple glance.

iPhone Xs and iPhone Xs Max introduce Gigabit-class LTE for even faster download speeds4 and Dual SIM5 through the use of a nano-SIM and digital eSIM.

Face ID is the most secure facial authentication system ever in a smartphone.

Featuring iOS 12

iPhone Xs and iPhone Xs Max come with iOS 12, the world’s most advanced mobile operating system. iOS 12 introduces new AR experiences, helps people rediscover and share photos, and makes communications more expressive and fun with new Animoji and Memoji. Screen Time helps customers understand and take control of the time they spend interacting with their iOS devices, Siri Shortcuts give any app the ability to work with Siri and new privacy features help protect users from being tracked on the web.

Siri Shortcuts give any app the ability to work with Siri.

Photos are even easier to share in iOS 12 with smarter suggestions and improved search.

Pricing and Availability

  • iPhone Xs and iPhone Xs Max will be available in 64GB, 256GB and 512GB capacity models in space grey, silver and a new gold finish starting at S$1,649 and S$1,799, respectively, from apple.com/sg, in the Apple Store app and Apple Stores, and is also available through Apple Authorised Resellers and select carriers (prices may vary).
  • Customers will be able to pre-order iPhone Xs and iPhone Xs Max beginning Friday, September 14, with availability beginning Friday, September 21, in more than 30 countries and territories including Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Guernsey, Hong Kong, Ireland, Isle of Man, Italy, Japan, Jersey, Luxembourg, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, the UAE, UK, US and US Virgin Islands.
  • iPhone Xs and iPhone Xs Max will be available in more than 25 countries and territories including Andorra, Armenia, Bahrain, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Greece, Greenland, Hungary, Iceland, India, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Malta, Monaco, Oman, Poland, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia and South Africa beginning Friday, September 28.
  • Apple-designed accessories including leather and silicone cases in a range of colours will be available starting at S$59, while the iPhone Xs and iPhone Xs Max Leather Folio will be available starting at S$149.
  • With Apple GiveBack, customers can trade in their eligible device with Apple’s approved third-party partner.6 If their device isn’t eligible for credit, Apple will recycle it for free.
  • Every customer who buys iPhone Xs or iPhone Xs Max from Apple will be offered free Personal Setup in-store or online to help them customise their iPhone by setting up email, showing them new apps from the App Store and more.
  • Anyone who wants to learn more or go further with iPhone Xs, iPhone Xs Max or iOS 12 can sign up for free Today at Apple sessions at apple.com/sg/today.

Apple revolutionised personal technology with the introduction of the Macintosh in 1984. Today, Apple leads the world in innovation with iPhone, iPad, Mac, Apple Watch and Apple TV. Apple’s four software platforms — iOS, macOS, watchOS and tvOS — provide seamless experiences across all Apple devices and empower people with breakthrough services including the App Store, Apple Music, Apple Pay and iCloud. Apple’s more than 100,000 employees are dedicated to making the best products on earth, and to leaving the world better than we found it.

    1 The display has rounded corners that follow a beautiful curved design, and these corners are within a standard rectangle. When measured as a standard rectangular shape, the screen is 5.85 inches (iPhone Xs) and 6.46 inches (iPhone Xs Max) diagonally. Actual viewable area is less.
    2 iPhone Xs and iPhone Xs Max are splash-, water- and dust-resistant, and were tested under controlled laboratory conditions with a rating of IP68 under IEC standard 60529 (maximum depth of 2 meters up to 30 minutes). Splash, water and dust resistance are not permanent conditions, and resistance might decrease as a result of normal wear. Do not attempt to charge a wet iPhone; refer to the user guide for cleaning and drying instructions. Liquid damage not covered under warranty.
    3 Real-time preview in Depth Control will be available via a free software update later this fall.
    4 Speeds vary based on site conditions and carrier. For details on LTE support, contact your carrier and see apple.com/iphone/LTE.
    5 Dual SIM support will be available via a free software update later this fall. Use of Dual SIM requires two wireless service plans (which may include restrictions on roaming). Certain restrictions apply to use.
    6 In most countries.

Sours: https://www.apple.com/sg/newsroom/2018/09/iphone-xs-and-iphone-xs-max-bring-the-best-and-biggest-displays-to-iphone/
  1. Router jointer
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  3. Jail meme

Yesterday, Apple announced the iPhone XS, iPhone XS Max and iPhone XR. These three new iPhones for 2018 officially replace the iPhone X, which Apple pulled from its store after the announcement. So if you're looking for a new "IPhone X" this year, one of these three will have to be it. While the iPhone XS and iPhone XS Max have virtually the same guts, just in two different sizes, the iPhone XR is a cheaper, more colorful phone with a few compromises. The XR introduces a profound shift in Apple's strategy by folding its "bargain" phone into the premium iPhone mix.

The iPhone XR starts at $749 for the lowest storage capacity, the iPhone XS starts at $999 -- like last year's iPhone X -- and the XS Max's 64GB model costs $1,099. The prices rise from there with each jump in internal storage. Instead of Apple's most advanced phone breaking the $1,000 ceiling, two of these new iPhones now start at a grand or more. This is Apple's way of testing people's willingness to splurge on a high-end phone.

Read also: iPhone X specs vs. iPhone XS, iPhone XR and iPhone XS Max

Apple has dabbled in cheaper iPhones before, with the iPhone SE and iPhone 5C, but their designs stood apart from the mainstream iPhones, and they didn't last. Here, the cheaper iPhone XR shares the design and many of the same specs as the top-tier iPhones. It comes in bright colors and has some slimmed-down features, like a smaller battery than the new iPhone XSes. The pricing is the most attractive for iPhone loyalists. Although there's nothing "budget" about the iPhone XR's $749 starting price, people looking for a new iPhone this year could easily gravitate to the relatively cheaper XR.

This reveal of Apple's 2018-2019 lineup is a big moment for the tech giant, which shook up its iPhone range in 2017 when it introduced the iPhone X, iPhone 8 and iPhone 8 Plus, effectively killing any chance of a future iPhone 9 and turning its whole iPhone naming scheme on its head. 

At a time when phones are becoming more and more expensive, Apple's decision to embrace the new "X" family is important because it cements a new strategy for Apple, one that will continue to set the pace for phone makers as we move toward 2019.

Now playing:Watch this: Apple iPhone 2018 event: Editors react


These new iPhones for 2018 will need to impress buyers if Apple has any desire to nudge Chinese brand Huawei -- which outsold iPhones last quarter -- and regain its seat as the world's second-largest phone maker, after No. 1 Samsung.

Keep reading for all the new iPhone specs. In the meantime, preorders for the iPhone XS and XS Max begin this Friday, Sept. 14, with the phones going on sale next Friday, Sept. 21. The iPhone XR preorders begin Oct. 19 and it goes on sale Oct. 26.

Read also: iPhone XS, XR, XS Max: What's the difference?

Editors note: This story originally posted Sept. 12, 2018; it updated most recently on Sept. 13 at 10:44 a.m. PT.

iPhone XR, XS, XS Max US pricing

64GB 128GB 256GB 512GB
iPhone XR $749 $799 $899 N/A
iPhone XS $999 N/A $1,149 $1,349
iPhone XS Max $1,099 N/A $1,249 $1,449

New iPhone XR, XS, XS Max starting prices

iPhone XR iPhone XS iPhone XS Max
US $749 (64GB) $999 (64GB) $1,099 (64GB)
UK £749 (64GB) £999 (64GB) £1,049 (64GB)
Australia AU$1,229 (64GB) AU$1,629 (64GB) AU$1,799 (64GB)

Now playing:Watch this: Apple iPhone XR: Cheapest new iPhone priced at $749


iPhone XS and XS Max quick specs

  • Two sizes: 5.8-inch (458 ppi) and 6.5-inch (458 ppi), with OLED HDR screen (Super Retina displays)
  • Colors: Gold, silver and space gray finishes
  • Dual camera: 12-megapixel wide and telephoto lenses
  • Front-facing cameras: 7-megapixel camera will bring depth to portrait mode photos
  • A12 Bionic chip: 7-nanometer processor promises to launch apps 30 percent faster than 2017 iPhones
  • Storage options: 64GB, 128GB, 512GB
  • IP68 water-resistance rating (2 meters depth; up to 30 minutes in water)
  • Battery life: iPhone XS should last 30 minutes longer than iPhone X; iPhone XS Max claims 1.5 hours longer than the iPhone X
  • Dual-SIM card support through eSIM technology
  • Face ID promises to work faster at unlocking the phones
  • 3D Touch pressure-sensitive screen
  • Stereo sound with a wider stereo field than 2017 iPhones
  • iOS 12 software
  • Pricing: Starts at $999 (£999, AU$1,629) for 64GB iPhone XS

iPhone XS and XS Max cameras

The iPhone XS and XS Max cameras share the same specs (see above), but don't be dismayed. Apple promises you'll get more from the camera than you did with the iPhone X, specifically because of the power of the A12 Bionic chip inside.

The camera's algorithms detect people's faces and bodies, and kick into instant red-eye reduction. Smart HDR can identify highlights and find shadow detail.

Even more interesting, you can now adjust the depth of a portrait mode photo (called the bokeh effect) after you take the photo, which gives you complete control over the blur. All editing happens in the Photos app through a slider.

Read also: Apple's $29 iPhone battery replacements will cost $69 after December


iPhone XR specs: Apple's cheaper iPhone

  • 6.1-inch LCD screen with 1,792x828-pixel resolution and 326ppi (Retina display)
  • Aluminum body with glass back
  • Single camera: 12-megapixel wide-angle lens, with OIS (same as iPhone XS)
  • Storage options: 64GB, 128GB, 256GB
  • Portrait mode photos through software
  • FaceID with same True-Depth camera system as iPhone XS
  • A12 Bionic chip
  • Battery life claim: 1.5 hours more per day than the iPhone 8 Plus
  • IP67 water resistance
  • No 3D Touch on iPhone XR. Instead, you get haptic touch, like a trackpad
  • iOS 12 software
  • Colors: Blue, coral (pink), yellow, white, black, Product Red
  • Price: Starts at $749 (£749, AU$1,229) 

iPhone XR, XS, XS Max specs

iPhone XS iPhone XS Max iPhone XR
Display size, resolution 5.8-inch Super Retina OLED; 2,436x1,125 pixels 6.5-inch Super Retina OLED; 2,688x1,242 pixels 6.1-inch LCD Retina Display; 1,792x828 pixels
Pixel density 458 ppi 458 ppi 326ppi
Dimensions (Inches) 5.7x2.8x0.3 in 6.2x3.0x.3 in 5.9x3.0x0.33 in
Dimensions (Millimeters) 143.6x70.9x7.7 mm 157.5x77.4x7.7 mm 150.9x75.7x8.3
Weight (Ounces, Grams) 6.24 oz; 177g 7.3oz; 208g 6.8oz; 194g
Mobile software iOS 12 iOS 12 iOS 12
Camera Dual 12-megapixel Dual 12-megapixel Single 12-megapixel
Front-facing camera 7-megapixel with Face ID 7-megapixel with Face ID 7-megapixel with Face ID
Video capture 4K 4K 4K
Processor Apple A12 Bionic Apple A12 Bionic Apple A12 Bionic
Storage 64GB, 256GB, 512GB 64GB, 256GB, 512GB 64GB, 128GB, 256GB
Expandable storage None
Sours: https://www.cnet.com/tech/mobile/iphone-xs-iphone-xr-iphone-xs-max-apple-three-new-iphones-replace-iphone-x/


This article is about the line of smartphones by Apple. For the original iPhone, see iPhone (1st generation). For other different types of iPhones and other uses, see iPhone (disambiguation).

Line of smartphones designed and marketed by Apple Inc.

Line of smartphones designed and marketed by Apple Inc.

IPhone Logo 2016.svg
IPhone 13 Pro vector.svg

The front face of an iPhone 13 Pro in Sierra Blue

DeveloperApple Inc.
ManufacturerFoxconn, Pegatron, Wistron
(contract manufacturers)
Release date

June 29, 2007

  • iPhone (1st Generation): June 29, 2007 (2007-06-29)
  • 3G: July 11, 2008 (2008-07-11)
  • 3GS: June 19, 2009 (2009-06-19)
  • 4: June 24, 2010 (2010-06-24)
  • 4S: October 14, 2011 (2011-10-14)
  • 5: September 21, 2012 (2012-09-21)
  • 5C, 5S: September 20, 2013 (2013-09-20)
  • 6 / 6 Plus: September 19, 2014 (2014-09-19)
  • 6S / 6S Plus: September 25, 2015 (2015-09-25)
  • SE (1st): March 31, 2016 (2016-03-31)
  • 7 / 7 Plus: September 16, 2016 (2016-09-16)
  • 8 / 8 Plus: September 22, 2017 (2017-09-22)
  • X: November 3, 2017 (2017-11-03)
  • XS / XS Max: September 21, 2018 (2018-09-21)
  • XR: October 26, 2018 (2018-10-26)
  • 11 / 11 Pro / 11 Pro Max: September 20, 2019 (2019-09-20)
  • SE (2nd): April 24, 2020 (2020-04-24)
  • 12 and 12 Pro: October 23, 2020 (2020-10-23)
  • 12 Mini and 12 Pro Max: November 13, 2020 (2020-11-13)
  • 13 and 13 Pro: September 24, 2021 (2021-09-24)
  • 13 Mini and 13 Pro Max: September 24, 2021 (2021-09-24)
Units sold2.2 Billion (as of November 1, 2018)[1]
Operating systemiOS
System on a chip


  • 1st gen and 3G:Samsung32-bitRISCARM 1176JZ(F)-S v1.0[2]
  • 3GS: 600 MHz ARM Cortex-A8[3]
  • 4: 800 MHz ARM Cortex-A8[4]
  • 4S: 800 MHz dual-coreARM Cortex-A9[5]
  • 5 / 5C: 1.3 GHz dual-core Apple A6
  • 5S: 1.3 GHz 64-bit dual-core Apple A7
  • 6 / 6 Plus: 1.4 GHz 64-bit dual-core Apple A8
  • 6S / 6S Plus and SE (1st): 1.85 GHz 64-bit dual-core Apple A9
  • 7 / 7 Plus: 2.34 GHz 64-bit quad-core Apple A10 Fusion (2× Hurricane + 2× Zephyr)[6]
  • 8 / 8 Plus / X: 2.39 GHz 64-bit hexa-core Apple A11 Bionic (2× Monsoon + 4× Mistral)
  • XR / XS / XS Max: 2.49 64-bit hexa-core Apple A12 Bionic
  • 11 / 11 Pro / 11 Pro Max and SE (2nd): 2.65 64-bit hexa-core Apple A13 Bionic
  • 12 Mini / 12 / 12 Pro / 12 Pro Max: 3.10 64-bit hexa-core Apple A14 Bionic
  • 13 Mini / 13 / 13 Pro / 13 Pro Max: 3.23 64-bit hexa-core Apple A15 Bionic


  • 1st gen and 3G: 128 MBLPDDRRAM (137 MHz)
  • 3GS:256 MB LPDDR RAM (200 MHz)
  • 4:512 MBLPDDR2 RAM (200 MHz)
  • 4S:512 MB LPDDR2 RAM
  • 5 / 5C: 1 GB LPDDR2 RAM
  • 5S and 6 / 6 Plus: 1 GB LPDDR3 RAM
  • 6S / 6S Plus, SE (1st) and 7: 2 GB LPDDR4 RAM
  • 8: 2 GB LPDDR4X RAM
  • 7 Plus: 3 GB LPDDR4 RAM
  • 8 Plus, X, XR and SE (2nd): 3 GB LPDDR4X RAM
  • XS / XS Max, 11, 11 Pro / 11 Pro Max and 12 Mini / 12: 4 GB LPDDR4X RAM
  • 12 Pro / 12 Pro Max and 13 Mini / 13: 6 GB LPDDR4X RAM
  • 13 Pro / 13 Pro Max 8 GB LPDDR5 RAM
Storage4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, 512GB or 1TB[a]flash memory[7]


  • 1st gen and 3G:
  • 3.5 in (89 mm)
  • 3:2 aspect ratio, scratch-resistant[8] glossy glass covered screen, 262,144-color (18-bit) TN LCD, 480 × 320 px (HVGA) at 163 ppi, 200:1 contrast ratio
  • 3GS:
  • In addition to prior, features a fingerprint-resistant oleophobic coating,[9] and 262,144-color (18-bit) TN LCD with hardware spatial dithering[10]
  • 4 and 4S:
  • 3.5 in (89 mm); 3:2 aspect ratio, aluminosilicate glass covered 16,777,216-color (24-bit) IPS LCD screen, 960 × 640 px at 326 ppi, 800:1 contrast ratio, 500 cd⁄m² max brightness
  • 5 / 5C / 5S / SE (1st):
  • 4.0 in (100 mm); 16:9 aspect ratio; 1136 × 640 px screen resolution at 326 ppi
  • 6 / 6S / 7 / 8 / SE (2nd):
  • 4.7 in (120 mm); 16:9 aspect ratio; 1334 × 750 px screen resolution at 326 ppi
  • 6 Plus / 6S Plus / 7 Plus / 8 Plus:
  • 5.5 in (140 mm); 16:9 aspect ratio; 1920 × 1080 px screen resolution at 401 ppi
  • X / XS / 11 Pro:
  • 5.8 in (150 mm); ≈19.5:9 aspect ratio; OLED screen, 2436 × 1125 px screen resolution at 458 ppi
  • XS Max / 11 Pro Max:
  • 6.5 in (170 mm); ≈19.5:9 aspect ratio; OLED screen, 2688 × 1242 px screen resolution at 458 ppi
  • XR / 11:
  • 6.1 in (150 mm); ≈19.5:9 aspect ratio; 1792 × 828 px screen resolution at 326 ppi
  • 12 mini / 13 mini:
  • 5.4 in (140 mm); ≈19.5:9 aspect ratio; OLED screen, 2340 × 1080 px screen resolution at 476 ppi
  • 12 / 12 Pro / 13 / 13 Pro:
  • 6.1 in (150 mm); ≈19.5:9 aspect ratio; OLED screen, 2532 × 1170 px screen resolution at 460 ppi
  • 12 Pro Max / 13 Pro Max:
  • 6.7 in (170 mm); ≈19.5:9 aspect ratio; OLED screen, 2778 × 1284 px screen resolution at 458 ppi


  • 1st gen and 3G:
  • PowerVRMBX Lite 3D GPU[11] (103 MHz)
  • 3GS: PowerVR SGX535 GPU
  • (150 MHz)[12][13]
  • 4: PowerVR SGX535 GPU (200 MHz)[12][13]
  • 4S: PowerVR SGX543MP2 (2-core) GPU
  • 5 / 5C: PowerVR SGX543MP3 (3-core) GPU
  • 5S: PowerVR G6430 (4-core) GPU
  • 6 / 6 Plus: PowerVR GX6450 (4-core) GPU
  • 6S / 6S Plus and SE (1st): PowerVR GT7600 (6-core) GPU[14]
  • 7 / 7 Plus: PowerVR Series 7XT Plus (6-core) GPU[6]
  • 8 / 8 Plus / X: Apple-designed (3-core) GPU
  • XR and XS through iPhone 12 and 12 Pro: Apple-designed (4-core) GPU
  • iPhone 13 mini and 13: Apple-designed (4-core) GPU
  • iPhone 13 Pro and 13 Pro Max: Apple-designed (5-core) GPU

Wi-Fi and Bluetooth

  • 1st gen, 3G, and 3GS:
    Wi-Fi (802.11b/g)
  • 4 and 4S:
    Wi-Fi (802.11b/g/n)
  • 5, 5C, and 5S:
    Wi-Fi (802.11a/b/g/n)
  • 6 / 6 Plus, 6S / 6S Plus, SE, 7 / 7 Plus, and 8 / 8 Plus / X:
    Wi-Fi (802.11a/b/g/n/ac)
  • 1st gen, 3G, 3GS, and 4:
    Bluetooth 2.1 + EDR
  • 4S, 5, 5C, 5S, and 6 / 6 Plus:
    Bluetooth 4.0
  • 6S / 6S Plus, SE (1st) and 7 / 7 Plus:
    Bluetooth 4.2
  • 8 and X through iPhone 12 and 12 Pro:
    Bluetooth 5.0

GSM models also include:

CDMA model also includes:


Built-in rechargeable
lithium-ion battery

  • 1st gen:3.7 V 5.18 W·h (1400mA·h)
  • 3G:3.7 V4.12 W·h (1150 mA·h)
  • 3GS3.7 V4.51 W·h (1219 mA·h)
  • 4:3.7 V5.25 W·h (1420 mA·h)
  • 4S:3.7 V5.3 W·h (1432 mA·h)
  • 5:3.8 V5.45 W·h (1440 mA·h)
  • 5C:3.8 V5.73 W·h (1510 mA·h)
  • 5S:3.8 V5.92 W·h (1560 mA·h)
  • 6:3.82 V6.91 W·h (1810 mA·h)
  • 6 Plus:3.82 V11.1 W·h (2915 mA·h)
  • 6S:3.82 V6.55 W·h (1715 mA·h)
  • 6S Plus:3.8 V10.45 W·h (2750 mA·h)
  • SE (1st):3.82 V6.21 W·h (1624 mA·h)
  • 7:3.8 V7.45 W·h (1960 mA·h)
  • 7 Plus:3.82 V11.10 W·h (2900 mA·h)
  • 8 and SE (2nd):3.82 V6.96 W·h (1821 mA·h)
  • 8 Plus:3.82 V10.28 W·h (2691 mA·h)
  • X:3.81 V10.35 W·h (2716 mA·h)
  • XS:3.81 V10.13 W·h (2658 mA·h)
  • XS Max:3.8V12.08 W·h (3174 mA·h)
  • XR:3.81 V11.21 W·h (2942 mA·h)
  • 11 Pro:3.83 V11.67 W·h (3046 mA·h)
  • 11 Pro Max:3.79 V15.04 W·h (3969 mA·h)
  • 11:3.83 V11.91 W·h (3110 mA·h)
  • 12 and 12 Pro:3.83 V10.78 W·h (2,815 mA·h)
Online services


  • 1st gen:
  • 115 mm (4.5 in) H
  • 61 mm (2.4 in) W
  • 11.6 mm (0.46 in) D
  • 3G & 3GS:
  • 115.5 mm (4.55 in) H
  • 62.1 mm (2.44 in) W
  • 12.3 mm (0.48 in) D
  • 4 & 4S:
  • 115.2 mm (4.54 in) H
  • 58.6 mm (2.31 in) W
  • 9.3 mm (0.37 in) D
  • 5, 5S & SE (1st):
  • 123.8 mm (4.87 in) H
  • 58.6 mm (2.31 in) W
  • 7.6 mm (0.30 in) D
  • 5C:
  • 124.4 mm (4.90 in) H
  • 59.2 mm (2.33 in) W
  • 8.97 mm (0.353 in) D
  • 6:
  • 138.1 mm (5.44 in) H
  • 67 mm (2.6 in) W
  • 6.9 mm (0.27 in) D
  • 6 Plus:
  • 158.1 mm (6.22 in) H
  • 77.8 mm (3.06 in) W
  • 7.1 mm (0.28 in) D
  • 6S & 7:
  • 138.3 mm (5.44 in) H
  • 67.1 mm (2.64 in) W
  • 7.1 mm (0.28 in) D
  • 6S Plus & 7 Plus:
  • 158.2 mm (6.23 in) H
  • 77.9 mm (3.07 in) W
  • 7.3 mm (0.29 in) D
  • 8 & SE (2nd):
  • 138.4 mm (5.45 in) H
  • 67.3 mm (2.65 in) W
  • 7.3 mm (0.29 in) D
  • 8 Plus:
  • 158.4 mm (6.24 in) H
  • 78.1 mm (3.07 in) W
  • 7.5 mm (0.30 in) D
  • X & XS:
  • 143.6 mm (5.65 in) H
  • 70.9 mm (2.79 in) W
  • 7.7 mm (0.30 in) D
  • XS Max:
  • 157.5 mm (6.20 in) H
  • 77.4 mm (3.05 in) W
  • 7.7 mm (0.30 in) D
  • XR & 11:
  • 150.9 mm (5.94 in) H
  • 75.7 mm (2.98 in) W
  • 8.3 mm (0.33 in) D
  • 11 Pro:
  • 144 mm (5.7 in) H
  • 71.4 mm (2.81 in) W
  • 8.1 mm (0.32 in) D
  • 11 Pro Max:
  • 158 mm (6.2 in) H
  • 77.8 mm (3.06 in) W
  • 8.1 mm (0.32 in) D
  • 12 mini:
  • 131.5 mm (5.18 in) H
  • 64.2 mm (2.53 in) W
  • 7.4 mm (0.29 in) D
  • 12 & 12 Pro:
  • 146.7 mm (5.78 in) H
  • 71.5 mm (2.81 in) W
  • 7.4 mm (0.29 in) D
  • 12 Pro Max:
  • 160.8 mm (6.33 in) H
  • 78.1 mm (3.07 in) W
  • 7.4 mm (0.29 in) D


  • 1st gen and 3GS:
  • 135 g (4.8 oz)
  • 3G: 133 g (4.7 oz)
  • 4: 137 g (4.8 oz)
  • 4S: 140 g (4.9 oz)
  • 5 and 5S:
  • 112 g (4.0 oz)
  • 5C: 132 g (4.7 oz)
  • 6: 129 g (4.6 oz)
  • 6 Plus: 172 g (6.1 oz)
  • 6S: 143 g (5.0 oz)
  • 6S Plus: 192 g (6.8 oz)
  • SE (1st): 113 g (4.0 oz)
  • 7: 138 g (4.9 oz)
  • 7 Plus: 188 g (6.6 oz)
  • 8 & SE (2nd): 148 g (5.2 oz)
  • 8 Plus: 202 g (7.1 oz)
  • X: 174 g (6.1 oz)
  • XS: 177 g (6.2 oz)
  • XS Max: 208 g (7.3 oz)
  • XR and 11: 194 g (6.8 oz)
  • 11 Pro: 188 g (6.6 oz)
  • 11 Pro Max: 226 g (8.0 oz)
  • 12 mini: 135 g (4.8 oz)
  • 12: 164 g (5.8 oz)
  • 12 Pro: 189 g (6.7 oz)
  • 12 Pro Max: 228 g (8.0 oz)
Related articles

The iPhone is a line of smartphones designed and marketed by Apple Inc. that use Apple's iOSmobile operating system. The first-generation iPhone was announced by then-Apple CEOSteve Jobs on January 9, 2007. Since then, Apple has annually released new iPhone models and iOS updates. As of November 1, 2018, more than 2.2 billion iPhones had been sold.

The iPhone has a user interface built around a multi-touch screen. It connects to cellular networks or Wi-Fi, and can make calls, browse the web, take pictures, play music and send and receive emails and text messages. Since the iPhone's launch further features have been added, including larger screen sizes, shooting video, waterproofing, the ability to install third-party mobile apps through an app store, and many accessibility features. Up to 2017, iPhones used a layout with a single button on the front panel that returns the user to the home screen. Since 2017, more expensive iPhone models have switched to a nearly bezel-less front screen design with app switching activated by gesture recognition.

The iPhone is one of the two largest smartphone platforms in the world alongside Android, forming a large part of the luxury market. The iPhone has generated large profits for Apple, making it one of the world's most valuable publicly traded companies. The first-generation iPhone was described as "revolutionary" and a "game-changer" for the mobile phone industry and subsequent models have also garnered praise. The iPhone has been credited with popularizing the smartphone and slate form factor, and with creating a large market for smartphone apps, or "app economy". As of January 2017[update], Apple's App Store contained more than 2.2 million applications for the iPhone.

History and availability

Main article: History of the iPhone

Development of what was to become the iPhone began in 2004, when Apple started to gather a team of 1,000 employees led by hardware engineer Tony Fadell, software engineer Scott Forstall and design engineer Sir Jonathan Ive[15] to work on the highly confidential "Project Purple."[16][17]

Apple CEO Steve Jobs steered the original focus away from a tablet (which Apple eventually revisited in the form of the iPad) towards a phone.[18] Apple created the device during a secretive collaboration with Cingular Wireless (which became AT&T Mobility) at the time—at an estimated development cost of US$150 million over thirty months.[19]

According to Steve Jobs, the "i" word in "iMac" (and therefore "iPod", "iPhone" and "iPad") stands for internet, individual, instruct, inform, and inspire.[20][21]

Apple rejected the "design by committee" approach that had yielded the Motorola ROKR E1, a largely unsuccessful collaboration with Motorola. Among other deficiencies, the ROKR E1's firmware limited storage to only 100 iTunes songs to avoid competing with Apple's iPod nano.[22][23]

Cingular gave Apple the liberty to develop the iPhone's hardware and software in-house[24][25] and even paid Apple a fraction of its monthly service revenue (until the iPhone 3G),[26] in exchange for four years of exclusive U.S. sales, until 2011.[27]

Jobs unveiled the iPhone to the public on January 9, 2007, at the Macworld 2007 convention at the Moscone Center in San Francisco.[28] The two initial models, a 4 GB[a] model priced at US$499 and an 8 GB model at US$599 (both requiring a two-year contract), went on sale in the United States on June 29, 2007, at 6:00 pm local time, while hundreds of customers lined up outside the stores nationwide.[29] The passionate reaction to the launch of the iPhone resulted in sections of the media dubbing it the 'Jesus phone'.[30][31] Following this successful release in the US, the first generation iPhone was made available in the UK, France, and Germany in November 2007, and Ireland and Austria in the spring of 2008.

Worldwide iPhone availability:

  iPhone available since its original release

  iPhone available since the release of iPhone 3G

  Coming soon

On July 11, 2008, Apple released the iPhone 3G in twenty-two countries, including the original six.[32] Apple released the iPhone 3G in upwards of eighty countries and territories.[33] Apple announced the iPhone 3GS on June 8, 2009, along with plans to release it later in June, July, and August, starting with the US, Canada and major European countries on June 19. Many would-be users objected to the iPhone's cost,[34] and 40% of users had household incomes over US$100,000.[35]

First iPhone on display under glass at the January 2007 Macworld show

The back of the original first-generation iPhone was made of aluminum with a black plastic accent. The iPhone 3G and 3GS feature a full plastic back to increase the strength of the GSM signal.[36] The iPhone 3G was available in an 8 GB black model, or a black or white option for the 16 GB model. The iPhone 3GS was available in both colors, regardless of storage capacity.

The iPhone 4 has an aluminosilicate glass front and back with a stainless steel edge that serves as the antennas. It was at first available in black; the white version was announced, but not released until April 2011, 10 months later.

Users of the iPhone 4 reported dropped/disconnected telephone calls when holding their phones in a certain way. This became known as antennagate.[37]

On January 11, 2011, Verizon announced during a media event that it had reached an agreement with Apple and would begin selling a CDMAiPhone 4. Verizon said it would be available for pre-order on February 3, with a release set for February 10.[38][39] In February 2011, the Verizon iPhone accounted for 4.5% of all iPhone ad impressions in the U.S. on Millennial Media's mobile ad network.[40]

From 2007 to 2011, Apple spent $647 million on advertising for the iPhone in the US.[17]

On Tuesday, September 27, Apple sent invitations for a press event to be held October 4, 2011, at 10:00 am at the Cupertino headquarters to announce details of the next generation iPhone, which turned out to be iPhone 4S. Over 1 million 4S models were sold in the first 24 hours after its release in October 2011.[41] Due to large volumes of the iPhone being manufactured and its high selling price, Apple became the largest mobile handset vendor in the world by revenue, in 2011, surpassing long-time leader Nokia.[42] American carrier C Spire Wireless announced that it would be carrying the iPhone 4S on October 19, 2011.[43]

In January 2012, Apple reported its best quarterly earnings ever, with 53% of its revenue coming from the sale of 37 million iPhones, at an average selling price of nearly $660. The average selling price has remained fairly constant for most of the phone's lifespan, hovering between $622 and $660.[44] The production price of the iPhone 4S was estimated by IHS iSuppli, in October 2011, to be $188, $207 and $245, for the 16 GB, 32 GB and 64 GB models, respectively.[45] Labor costs are estimated at between $12.50 and $30 per unit, with workers on the iPhone assembly line making $1.78 an hour.[46]

In February 2012, ComScore reported that 12.4% of U.S. mobile subscribers used an iPhone.[47] Approximately 6.4 million iPhones are active in the U.S. alone.[35]

On September 12, 2012, Apple announced the iPhone 5. It has a 4 inches (100 mm) display, up from its predecessors' 3.5 inches (89 mm) screen. The device comes with the same 326 pixels per inch found in the iPhone 4 and 4S. The iPhone 5 has the SoC A6 processor, the chip is 22% smaller than the iPhone 4S' A5 and is twice as fast, doubling the graphics performance of its predecessor. The device is 18% thinner than the iPhone 4S, measuring 7.6 millimetres (0.3 in), and is 20% lighter at 112 grams (4 oz).

On July 6, 2013, it was reported that Apple was in talks with Korean mobile carrier SK Telecom to release the next generation iPhone with LTE Advanced technology.[48]

On July 22, 2013, the company's suppliers said that Apple is testing out larger screens for the iPhone and iPad. "Apple has asked for prototype smartphone screens larger than 4 inches (100 mm) and has also asked for screen designs for a new tablet device measuring slightly less than 13 inches (330 mm) diagonally, they said."[49]

On September 10, 2013, Apple unveiled two new iPhone models during a press event in Cupertino. The iPhone 5C, a mid-range-priced version of the handset that is designed to increase accessibility due to its price is available in five colors (green, blue, yellow, pink, and white) and is made of plastic. The iPhone 5S comes in three colors (black, white, and gold) and the home button is replaced with a fingerprint scanner (Touch ID). Both phones shipped on September 20, 2013.[50]

On September 9, 2014, Apple revealed the iPhone 6 and the iPhone 6 Plus at an event in Cupertino. Both devices had a larger screen than their predecessor, at 4.7 inches (120 mm) and 5.5 inches (140 mm) respectively.[51]

After the iPhone 6 and 6 Plus was released, some users started complaining about the 6 and 6 Plus bending from normal use. This trend became known as "Bendgate",[52] which later started "Touch Disease." However, they released the iPhone 6S and 6S Plus, a more bend-resistant iPhone than the 6 and 6 Plus, to solve this issue.

On September 7, 2016, Apple unveiled the iPhone 7 and 7 Plus, which added water and dust resistance, improved system and graphics performance, a new dual-camera setup on the Plus model, new color options, and featured the removal of the 3.5 mm headphone jack from the iPhone.[53]

On September 12, 2017, Apple officially unveiled the iPhone 8 and 8 Plus, which features a new glass design, camera improvements, a True Tone display, wireless charging, and improved system performance. It also unveiled the iPhone X, which features a near bezel-less design, a facial recognition feature dubbed "Face ID" with facial tracking used for Animojis, an OLED screen with the highest pixel density on an iPhone, a new telephoto lens which works better in low light conditions, and improved cameras for AR.[54]

On September 12, 2018, Apple officially unveiled the iPhone XS, XS Max[55] and XR[56] at the Steve Jobs theater at Apple Park. The XS and XS Max feature an improved Super Retina Display with Dolby Vision and HDR10 support with the XS Max featuring a larger 6.5 inches (170 mm) display, improved cameras with Smart HDR, and the A12 Bionic chip. The iPhone XS and XS Max are IP68 water, liquid, and dust resistant which allow the devices to be submerged in up to 2 meters for a duration of 30 minutes, while iPhone XR retained the IP67 certification found in the first-generation iPhone X and also features an IPS LCD display instead of the OLED displays found in the higher-end models. The iPhone XS/XS Max's IP68 certifications were tested using various liquids such as chlorinated-water, saltwater, tea, wine, beer, and juices. Apple also announced the fourth generation of Apple Watch, the Apple Watch Series 4.

On September 10, 2019, Apple officially unveiled the iPhone 11 at Steve Jobs Theater,[57][58][59] along with the iPhone 11 Pro and the iPhone 11 Pro Max.[60][61][59]

The iPhone 12 and 12 Pro series were virtually announced on October 13, 2020, featuring a refreshed design, Super Retina XDR Displays across all models, and 5G connectivity.[62][63]

The iPhone 13 and 13 Pro series were virtually announced on September 14, 2021.[64][65]


Up to the iPhone 4, all iPhones and other iOS devices were manufactured by Foxconn, based in Taiwan. In 2011, new CEO Tim Cook changed Apple's manufacturing strategy to diversify its suppliers. The iPhone 4s in 2012 was the first model to be manufactured simultaneously by two stand-alone companies: Foxconn and Pegatron, the latter also based in Taiwan. Although Foxconn still produces more iPhones, Pegatron's orders have been slowly increased: the company made part of the iPhone 5C line in 2013, and 30% of iPhone 6 devices in 2014. The 6 Plus model was produced solely by Foxconn.[66] In 2019, Apple investigated reports that some Foxconn managers had used rejected parts to build iPhones.[67] In India, Apple pays Wistron, a Taiwan-based manufacturer with a plant near Bangalore, to assemble iPhones to sell in the region.[68]


See also: List of iOS devices § iPhone

33 iPhone models have been produced. The models in bold are devices of the latest generation:

Current devices

Past devices

Source: Apple Newsroom Archive[69]

A comparison of iPhone sizes from the iPhone 5S to the iPhone 12.


Main article: iPhone hardware


This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (September 2021)

The iPhone contains most of the hardware parts of a typical modern smartphone. Some hardware elements, such as 3D Touch and the Taptic Engine, are unique to the iPhone. The main hardware of the iPhone is the touchscreen, with current models offering screens of 4.7 inches and larger. A range of sensors are included on the device, such as a proximity sensor, ambient light sensor, accelerometer, gyroscopic sensor, magnetometer, facial recognition sensor, fingerprint sensor and barometer.

All iPhones include a rear-facing camera, and a front-facing camera being included on all models since the iPhone 4. The iPhone 7 Plus introduced multiple lenses to the rear-facing camera to the iPhone.


Main articles: iOS and iOS version history

The iPhone runs an operating system known as iOS (formerly iPhone OS).[70] It is a variant of the Darwin operating system core found in macOS. Also included is the "Core Animation" software component from Mac OS X v10.5 Leopard. Together with the graphics hardware (and on the iPhone 3GS, OpenGL ES 2.0), it is responsible for the interface's motion graphics. The iPhone comes with a set of bundled applications developed by Apple,[71] and supports downloading third-party applications through the App Store.[72]

Apple provides free[73] updates to the operating system for the iPhone either wirelessly or through iTunes.[74] Major new updates have historically accompanied new models.[75][76]

The size of the operating system depends on the version. While iOS 8 required over 4.5 GB, its successor required only 1.3 GB.[77]

model release(d) discontinued support launch price ($US)
with OS date ended final OS lifespan
max min
iPhoneiPhone OS 1.0June 29, 2007 (2007-06-29)June 9, 2008 (2008-06-09)June 20, 2010 (2010-06-20)iPhone OS 3.1.32 years, 11 months 2 years$499/$599*
iPhone 3GiPhone OS 2.0July 11, 2008 (2008-07-11)August 9, 2010 (2010-08-09)March 3, 2011 (2011-03-03)iOS 4.2.12 years, 7 months 6 months$199/$299*
iPhone 3GSiPhone OS 3.0June 19, 2009 (2009-06-19)September 12, 2012 (2012-09-12)September 18, 2013 (2013-09-18)iOS 6.1.64 years, 2 months 1 year
iPhone 4iOS 4.0June 24, 2010 (2010-06-24)September 10, 2013 (2013-09-10)September 17, 2014 (2014-09-17)iOS 7.1.2
iPhone 4SiOS 5.0October 14, 2011 (2011-10-14)September 9, 2014 (2014-09-09)September 12, 2016 (2016-09-12)
(late, single update: July 22, 2019 (2019-07-22))
iOS 9.3.5
4 years, 10 months 2 years$199/$299/$399*
iPhone 5iOS 6.0September 21, 2012 (2012-09-21)September 10, 2013 (2013-09-10)September 18, 2017 (2017-09-18)
(late, single update: July 22, 2019 (2019-07-22))
iOS 10.3.3
4 years, 11 months 4 years
iPhone 5CiOS 7.0September 20, 2013 (2013-09-20)September 9, 2015 (2015-09-09)September 18, 2017 (2017-09-18)iOS 10.3.33 years, 11 months 2 years$99/$199*
iPhone 5SiOS 7.0September 20, 2013 (2013-09-20)March 21, 2016 (2016-03-21)September 18, 2019 (2019-09-18)
(latest, exclusive update: September 23, 2021 (2021-09-23))
iOS 12.4.1
5 years, 11 months 3 years, 5 months$199/$299/$399*
iPhone 6 / 6 PlusiOS 8.0September 19, 2014 (2014-09-19)September 7, 2016 (2016-09-07)4 years, 11 months 3 years$199/$299/$399*
iPhone 6S / 6S PlusiOS 9.0.1September 25, 2015 (2015-09-25)September 12, 2018 (2018-09-12)currentlatest iOS6 years 3 years, 1 month$199/$299/$399*
iPhone SE (1st)iOS 9.3March 31, 2016 (2016-03-31)September 12, 2018 (2018-09-12)5 years, 6 months 3 years, 1 month$399/$499
iPhone 7 / 7 PlusiOS 10.0.1September 16, 2016 (2016-09-16)September 10, 2019 (2019-09-10)5 years, 1 month 2 years, 1 month$199/$299/$399*
iPhone 8 / 8 PlusiOS 11.0September 22, 2017 (2017-09-22)April 15, 2020 (2020-04-15)4 years 1 year, 6 months$699/$849
iPhone XiOS 11.0.1November 3, 2017 (2017-11-03)September 12, 2018 (2018-09-12)3 years, 11 months 3 years, 1 month$549/$699*
iPhone XRiOS 12.0October 26, 2018 (2018-10-26)September 14, 2021 (2021-09-14)2 years, 11 months 1 month$749/$799/$899
iPhone XS / XS MaxiOS 12.0September 21, 2018 (2018-09-21)September 10, 2019 (2019-09-10)3 years, 1 month 2 years, 1 month$999/$1149/$1349
iPhone 11iOS 13.0September 20, 2019 (2019-09-20) ()currentlatest iOS2 years, 1 month $699/$749/$849
iPhone 11 Pro / 11 Pro MaxiOS 13.0September 20, 2019 (2019-09-20)October 13, 2020 (2020-10-13)currentlatest iOS2 years, 1 month 1 year$999/$1149/$1349
Max: $1099/$1249/$1449
iPhone SE (2nd)iOS 13.4April 24, 2020 (2020-04-24) ()currentlatest iOS1 year, 5 months $399/$449/$549
iPhone 12 / 12 MiniiOS 14.1 (12)

iOS 14.2 (12 Mini)

October 23, 2020 (2020-10-23) (12)

November 13, 2020 (2020-11-13) (12 Mini)

11 months (12)

11 months (12 Mini)


Mini: $729/$779/$879**

iPhone 12 Pro / 12 Pro MaxiOS 14.1 (12 Pro)

iOS 14.2 (12 Pro Max)

October 23, 2020 (2020-10-23) (12 Pro)

November 13, 2020 (2020-11-13) (12 Pro Max)

September 14, 2021 (2021-09-14)currentlatest iOS11 months (12 Pro)

11 months (12 Pro Max)

1 month$999/$1099/$1299

Max: $1099/$1199/$1399

iPhone 13 / 13 MiniiOS 15.0September 24, 2021 (2021-09-24) ()currentlatest iOS0 months $829/$929/$1129**

Mini: $729/$829/$1029**

iPhone 13 Pro / 13 Pro MaxiOS 15.0September 24, 2021 (2021-09-24) ()$999/$1099/$1299/$1499

Max: $1099/$1199/$1399/$1599

Legend:   Discontinued and unsupported  Discontinued, but still supported  Current or still sold*24-month contract required **$30 off with carrier special offers


The interface is based around the home screen, a graphical list of available applications. iPhone applications normally run one at a time. Starting with the iPhone 4, a primitive version of multitasking came into play. Users could double click the home button to select recently opened applications.[78] However, the apps never ran in the background. Starting with iOS 7, though, apps can truly multitask, and each open application runs in the background when not in use, although most functionality is still available when making a call or listening to music. The home screen can be accessed by a hardware button below the screen on the iPhone 8 and earlier. iPhone X and later models, with the exception of the second-generation iPhone SE, instead use touch-based gestures.

The original iPhone contained the following apps: Messages (SMS and MMS messaging), Calendar, Photos, Camera, YouTube, Stocks, Maps (Google Maps), Weather, Voice Memos, Notes, Clock, Calculator, Settings and iTunes (store). The App Store was introduced in iPhone OS 2 for the original iPhone and iPhone 3G. Compass was added in iPhone OS 3 for the iPhone 3GS. FaceTime and Game Center were added in iOS 4 and 4.1 respectively. In iOS 5, Reminders and Newsstand were added, and the iPod application was split into separate Music and Videos applications. iOS 6 added Passbook as well as a new version of Maps called Apple Maps that relies on data provided by TomTom as well as other sources, and YouTube no longer came as a pre-installed application starting from that version. iOS 7 introduced a modern flat design for the interface and added a motion-based parallax feature to give the device a quasi-3D effect. iOS 8 added Health app. iOS 9 replaced Newsstand and Passbook with News and Wallet. iOS 10 introduced Home and dedicated a page on the home screen for the widgets. iOS 11 added Files. iOS 12 introduced Measure, an app that uses AR technology to measure objects and things. It is available on devices with an A9 chip or newer.

Docked at the base of the screen, four icons for Phone, Mail, Safari (Internet), and Music delineate the iPhone's main purposes.[79] On January 15, 2008, Apple released software update 1.1.3, allowing users to create "Web Clips", home screen icons that resemble apps that open a user-defined page in Safari. After the update, iPhone users can rearrange and place icons (by holding down on any icon and moving it to the desired location once they start shaking) on up to nine other adjacent home screens, accessed by a horizontal swipe.[80]

Users can also add and delete icons from the dock, which is the same on every home screen. The dock holds up to four icons and is located at the bottom section of the screen. Each home screen holds up to twenty icons for the first-generation iPhone, 3G, 3GS, 4 and 4S; The iPhone 5, 5C, 5S, and first-generation iPhone SE hold up to twenty-four icons; while the iPhone 6 and later iPhone models support up to twenty-eight icons. Users can delete Web Clips and third-party applications at any time and may select only certain applications for transfer from iTunes. Apple's default programs could only be removed since the iOS 10 update. The 3.0 update added a system-wide search, known as Spotlight, to the left of the first home screen.[81][82]

Almost all input is given through the touch screen, which understands complex gestures using multi-touch. The iPhone's interaction techniques enable the user to move the content up or down by a touch-drag motion of the finger. For example, zooming in and out of web pages and photos is done by placing two fingers on the screen and spreading them farther apart or bringing them closer together, a gesture known as "pinching".

Scrolling through a long list or menu is achieved by sliding a finger over the display from bottom to top, or vice versa to go back. In either case, the list moves as if it is pasted on the outer surface of a wheel, slowly decelerating as if affected by friction. In this way, the interface simulates the physics of a real object. Unlike previous scrollable views, in which the user pressed a "down" control to move the view "downwards", on iOS the user pushes upwards, as if moving a "plank of wood floating on the water", creating the impression that the user is directly manipulating the content displayed on the screen.[83][84]

Other user-centeredinteractive effects include horizontally sliding sub-selection, the vertically sliding keyboard and bookmarks menu, and widgets that turn around to allow settings to be configured on the other side. Menu bars are found at the top and bottom of the screen when necessary. Their options vary by program but always follow a consistent style motif. In menu hierarchies, a "back" button in the top-left corner of the screen displays the name of the parent folder.


When making a call, the iPhone presents a number of options, including FaceTimeon supported models. The screen is automatically disabledwhen held close to the face.

The iPhone allows audio conferencing, call holding, call merging, caller ID, and integration with other cellular network features and iPhone functions. For example, if music is playing when a call is received, the music fades out and fades back in when the call has ended.

The proximity sensor shuts off the screen and touch-sensitive circuitry when the iPhone is brought close to the face, both to save battery and prevent unintentional touches. The iPhone does not support video calling or videoconferencing on versions prior to the fourth generation, as there is only one camera on the opposite side of the screen.[85]

The iPhone 4 supports video calling using either the front or back camera over Wi-Fi, a feature Apple calls FaceTime.[86] Voice control, introduced in the iPhone 3GS, allows users to say a contact's name or number and the iPhone will dial it.[87] The first two models only support voice dialing through third-party applications.[88]

The iPhone includes a visual voicemail (in some countries)[89] feature allowing users to view a list of current voicemail messages on-screen without having to call into their voicemail. Unlike most other systems, messages can be listened to and deleted in a non-chronological order by choosing any message from an on-screen list.

A music ringtone feature was introduced in the United States on September 5, 2007. Users can create custom ringtones from songs purchased from the iTunes Store for a small additional fee. The ringtones can be three to 30 seconds long from any part of a song, can fade in and out, pause from half a second to five seconds when looped, or loop continuously. All customizing can be done in iTunes,[90] or with Apple's GarageBand software 4.1.1 or later (available only on Mac OS X)[91] or third-party tools.[92]

With the release of iOS 6, which was released on September 19, 2012, Apple added features that enable the user to have options to decline a phone call when a person is calling them. The user can reply with a message, or set a reminder to call them back at a later time.[93]


The layout of the music library is similar to that of an iPod. The iPhone can sort its media library by songs, artists, albums, videos, playlists, genres, composers, podcasts, audiobooks, and compilations. Options are presented alphabetically, except in playlists, which retain their order from iTunes. The iPhone uses a large font that allows users plenty of room to touch their selection.

Users can rotate their device horizontally to landscape mode to access Cover Flow. Like on iTunes, this feature shows the different album covers in a scroll-through photo library. Scrolling is achieved by swiping a finger across the screen. Alternatively, headset controls can be used to pause, play, skip, and repeat tracks. On the iPhone 3GS, the volume can be changed with the included Apple Earphones, and the Voice Control feature can be used to identify a track, play songs in a playlist or by a specific artist, or create a Genius playlist.[87]

The iPhone supports gapless playback.[94] Like the fifth-generation iPods introduced in 2005, the iPhone can play digital video, allowing users to watch TV shows and movies in widescreen. Double-tapping switches between widescreen and fullscreen video playback.

The iPhone allows users to purchase and download songs from the iTunes Store directly to their iPhone. The feature originally required a Wi-Fi network, but since 2012, it can be used on a cellular data network.[95]

The iPhone includes software that allows the user to upload, view, and email photos taken with the camera. The user zooms in and out of photos by sliding two fingers further apart or closer together, much like Safari. The camera application also lets users view the camera roll, the pictures that have been taken with the iPhone's camera. Those pictures are also available in the Photos application, along with any transferred from iPhoto or Aperture on a Mac, or Photoshop on a Windows PC.

The iPhone did not support voice recording until the 3.0 software update.[81][82]

Internet connectivity

Internet access is available when the iPhone is connected to a local area Wi-Fi or a wide area GSM or EDGE network, both second-generation (2G) wireless data standards. Networks accessible from iPhone models include 1xRTT (represented by a 1× on the status bar) and GPRS (shown as GPRS on the status bar), EDGE (shown as a capital E on the status bar), UMTS and EV-DO (shown as 3G), a faster version of UMTS and 4G (shown as a 4G symbol on the status bar), and LTE (shown as LTE on the status bar).[96] The iPhone 3G introduced support for third-generation UMTS and HSDPA 3.6,[97] the iPhone 4S introduced support for HSUPA networks (14.4 Mbit/s), and support for HSDPA 7.2 was introduced in the iPhone 3GS.[98] and the iPhone 5 introduced support for 4G LTE. 5G Evolution is now supported on AT&T in areas where implemented and stylized as a larger 5G and reduced size capital E.[99] 5GE uses the 4x4 MIMO doubling the number of antennas, 256-QAM, and three-way carrier aggregation. True 5G support was added starting with the iPhone 12 series in fall 2020. All iPhone 12 models support sub-6 GHz frequencies, but only models purchased in the United States support mmWave.[100]

AT&T introduced 3G in July 2004,[101] but as late as 2007, Steve Jobs stated that it was still not widespread enough in the US, and the chipsets not energy efficient enough, to be included in the iPhone.[102] Support for 802.1X, an authentication system commonly used by university and corporate Wi-Fi networks, was added in the 2.0 version update.[103]

By default, the iPhone will ask to join newly discovered Wi-Fi networks and prompt for the password when required. Alternatively, it can join closed Wi-Fi networks manually.[104] The iPhone will automatically choose the strongest network, connecting to Wi-Fi instead of EDGE when it is available.[105] Similarly, the iPhone 3G and onwards prefer 3G to 2G, and Wi-Fi to either.[106]

Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and 3G (on the iPhone 3G onwards) can all be deactivated individually. Airplane mode disables all wireless connections at once, overriding other preferences. However, once in Airplane mode, one can explicitly enable Wi-Fi and/or Bluetooth modes to join and continue to operate over one or both of those networks while the cellular network transceivers remain off.

Safari is the iPhone's native web browser, and it displays pages similar to its Mac and Windows counterparts. Web pages may be viewed in portrait or landscape mode and the device supports automatic zooming by pinching together or spreading apart fingertips on the screen, or by double-tapping text or images.[107][108] Safari does not allow file downloads except for predefined extensions.

The iPhone does not support Flash, which was still popular when the iPhone was introduced.[109] Consequently, the UK's Advertising Standards Authority adjudicated that an advertisement claiming the iPhone could access "all parts of the internet" should be withdrawn in its current form, on grounds of false advertising. In a rare public letter in April 2010, Apple CEO Steve Jobs outlined the reasoning behind the absence of Flash on the iPhone (and iPad).[110] The iPhone supports SVG, CSS, HTMLCanvas, and Bonjour.[111]Google Chrome was introduced to the iOS on June 26, 2012, and Opera mini is also available.

The Maps application can access Google Maps in map, satellite, or hybrid form. It can also generate directions between two locations, while providing optional real-time traffic information. During the iPhone's announcement, Jobs demonstrated this feature by searching for nearby Starbucks locations and then placing a prank call to one with a single tap.[112][113] Support for walking directions, public transit, and street view was added in the version 2.2 software update, but no voice-guided navigation.[114]

The iPhone 3GS and iPhone 4 can orient the map with its digital compass.[115] Apple also developed a separate application to view YouTube videos on the iPhone, which streams videos after encoding them using the H.264 codec. Simple weather and stock quotes applications also tap into the Internet.

iPhone users can and do access the Internet frequently, and in a variety of places. According to Google, in 2008, the iPhone generated 50 times more search requests than any other mobile handset.[116] According to Deutsche Telekom CEO René Obermann, "The average Internet usage for an iPhone customer is more than 100 megabytes. This is 30 times the use for our average contract-based consumer customers."[117]Nielsen found that 98% of iPhone users use data services, and 88% use the internet.[35] In China, the iPhone 3G and iPhone 3GS were built and distributed without Wi-Fi.[118]

With the introduction of the Verizon iPhone in January 2011, the issue of using the internet while on the phone was brought to the public's attention. Under the two U.S. carriers, internet and phone could be used simultaneously on AT&T networks, whereas Verizon networks only support the use of each separately.[119] However, in 2014, Verizon announced that the iPhone 6 and 6 Plus would allow simultaneous voice and data over its LTE Network.[120] T-Mobile and Sprint have enabled calls over Wi-Fi, with Verizon and AT&T soon doing the same.[121]

Text input

For text input, the iPhone implements a virtual keyboard on the touchscreen. It has automatic spell checking and correction, predictive word capabilities, and a dynamic dictionary that learns new words. The keyboard can predict what word the user is typing and complete it, and correct for the accidental pressing of keys near the presumed desired key.[122]

The keys are somewhat larger and spaced farther apart when in landscape mode, which is supported by only a limited number of applications. Touching a section of text for a brief time brings up a magnifying glass, allowing users to place the cursor in the middle of existing text. The virtual keyboard can accommodate 21 languages, including character recognition for Chinese.[123]

Alternative characters with accents (for example, letters from the alphabets of other languages) and emoji can be typed from the keyboard by pressing the letter for two seconds and selecting the alternative character from the popup.[124] The 3.0 update brought support for cut, copy, or pasting text, as well as landscape keyboards in more applications.[81][82] On iPhone 4S and above, Siri allows dictation.

Since iOS 8, third party keyboards, distributed through the App Store, are allowed. Previously, they were only available on jailbroken iPhones.[125]

Email and text messages

The iPhone also features an email program that supports HTML email, which enables the user to embed photos in an email message. PDF, Word, Excel, and PowerPoint attachments to mail messages can be viewed on the phone.[126]Yahoo! offers a free push-email service for the iPhone. IMAP (although not Push-IMAP) and POP3 mail standards are also supported, including Microsoft Exchange[127] and Kerio Connect.[128]

In the first versions of the iPhone firmware, this was accomplished by opening up IMAP on the Exchange server. Apple has also licensed Microsoft ActiveSync and supports the platform (including push email) with the release of iPhone 2.0 firmware.[129][130] The iPhone will sync email account settings over from Apple's own Mail application, Microsoft Outlook, and Microsoft Entourage, or it can be manually configured on the device itself. The email program can access almost any IMAP or POP3 account.[131]

Text messages are presented chronologically in a mailbox format similar to Mail, which places all text from recipients together with replies. Text messages are displayed in speech bubbles (similar to iChat) under each recipient's name. The iPhone has built-in support for email message forwarding, drafts, and direct internal camera-to-email picture sending. Support for multi-recipient SMS was added in the 1.1.3 software update.[132] Support for MMS was added in the 3.0 update, but not for the original first generation iPhone[81][82] and not in the U.S. until September 25, 2009.[133][134]

Third-party applications

See also: iOS SDK and App Store

At WWDC 2007 on June 11, 2007, Apple announced that the iPhone would support third-party web applications using Ajax that share the look and feel of the iPhone interface.[135] On October 17, 2007, Steve Jobs, in an open letter posted to Apple's "Hot News" weblog, announced that a software development kit (SDK) would be made available to third-party developers in February 2008.[136] The iPhone SDK was officially announced and released on March 6, 2008, at the Apple Town Hall facility.[137]

It is a free download, with an Apple registration, that allows developers to develop native applications for the iPhone and iPod Touch, then test them in an "iPhone simulator". However, loading an application onto a real device is only possible after paying an Apple Developer Connection membership fee. Developers are free to set any price for their applications to be distributed through the App Store, of which they will receive a 70% share.[138]

Developers can also opt to release the application for free and will not pay any costs to release or distribute the application beyond the membership fee. The App Store was launched with the release of iPhone OS 2.0, on July 11, 2008.[130] The update was free for iPhone users; owners of older iPod Touches were required to pay US$10 for it.[139]

Once a developer has submitted an application to the App Store, Apple holds firm control over its distribution. Apple can halt the distribution of applications it deems inappropriate, for example, I Am Rich, a US$1000 program that simply demonstrated the wealth of its user, and Send Me To Heaven, a game that encouraged users to throw their phones in the air.[140][141] Apple has been criticized for banning third-party applications that enable a functionality that Apple does not want the iPhone to have: In 2008, Apple rejected Podcaster, which allowed iPhone users to download podcasts directly to the iPhone claiming it duplicated the functionality of iTunes.[142] Apple has since released a software update that grants this capability.[114]

NetShare, another rejected app, would have enabled users to tether their iPhone to a laptop or desktop, using its cellular network to load data for the computer.[143] Many carriers of the iPhone later globally allowed tethering before Apple officially supported it with the upgrade to the iPhone OS 3.0, with AT&T Mobility being a relative latecomer in the United States.[144] In most cases, the carrier charges extra for tethering an iPhone.

Before the SDK was released, third parties were permitted to design "Web Apps" that would run through Safari.[145] Unsigned native applications are also available for "jailbroken" phones.[146] The ability to install native applications onto the iPhone outside of the App Store is not supported by Apple, the stated reason being that such native applications could be broken by any software update, but Apple has stated it will not design software updates specifically to break native applications other than those that perform SIM unlocking.[147]

As of October 2013[update], Apple has passed 60 billion app downloads.[148] As of September 2016[update], there have been over 140 billion app downloads from the App Store.[149]

As of January 2017[update], the App Store has over 2.2 million apps for the iPhone.[150][151]

Accessibility features

Starting with the iPhone 4S, Apple added an accessibility feature to optimize the function of the iPhone with hearing aids.[152] Apple released a program of Made for iPhone Hearing Aids.[153] These hearing aids deliver a power-efficient, high-quality digital audio experience and allow the user to manage the hearing aid right from the iPhone. Made for iPhone hearing aids also feature Live Listen. With Live Listen the iPhone acts as a remote microphone that sends sound to a Made for iPhone hearing aid. Live Listen can help the user hear a conversation in a noisy room or hear someone speaking across the room.[154]

The Braille Displays for the iOS program was announced by Apple coinciding with the release of the iPhone 3GS, iPad and iPod Touch (3rd Generation). This program added support for more than 50 Bluetooth wireless braille displays that work with iOS out of the box. The user only needs to pair the keyboard to the device to start using it to navigate the iOS device with VoiceOver without any additional software. iOS supports braille tables for more than 25 languages.[155]

iPhone lets the user know when an alert is sent to it, in a variety of notice methods. It delivers both visual and vibrating alerts for incoming phone and FaceTime calls, new text messages, new and sent mail, and calendar events. Users can set an LED light flash for incoming calls and alerts or have incoming calls display a photo of the caller. Users can choose from different vibration patterns or even create their own.[156]

The iPhone can enlarge text to make it more accessible for vision-impaired users,[157] and can accommodate hearing-impaired users with closed captioning and external TTY devices.[158] The iPhone 3GS also features white on black mode, VoiceOver (a screen reader), and zooming for impaired vision, and mono audio for limited hearing in one ear.[159] Apple regularly publishes Voluntary Product Accessibility Templates which explicitly state compliance with the U.S. regulation "Section 508".[160]

With the release of iOS 9 for all iPhones, users have the ability to choose between two different screen view options. The user can choose to have a standard view or zoomed view. When the iPhone is placed in a standard view setting, the icons are normal size and the text remains the same. With a zoomed view option, the icons on the screen and the text become slightly larger. This enables the user to have a more customized appearance and it can potentially help some users read the screen easier.

AssistiveTouch helps to adapt the Multi-Touch screen of an iOS device to a user's unique physical needs. This can be of great assistance to those who have difficulty with some gestures, like pinch, one can make them accessible with just a tap of a finger. The user can create their own gestures and customize the layout of the AssistiveTouch menu. If the user has trouble pressing the Home button, it can be set so that it can be activated with an onscreen tap. Gestures, like rotate and shake, are available even when if the iOS device is mounted on a wheelchair.[156]

Guided Access helps people with autism or other attention and sensory challenges stay focused on the task (or app) at hand. With Guided Access, a parent, teacher, or therapist can limit an iOS device to stay on one app by disabling the Home button and limit the amount of time spent in an app. The user can restrict access to the keyboard or touch input on certain areas of the screen.

In 2019 Apple began developing satellites so that the iPhone could skip wireless carriers.[161]

iPhone Upgrade Program

The iPhone Upgrade Program is a 24-month program designed for consumers to be able to get the latest iPhone every year, without paying the whole price up-front. The program consists of "low monthly payments", where consumers will gradually pay for the iPhone they have over a 24-month period, with an opportunity to switch (upgrade) to the new iPhone after 12 months of payment have passed. Once 12 months have passed, consumers can trade their current iPhone with a new one, and the payments are transferred from the old device to the new device, and the program "restarts" with a new 24-month period.[162]

Additional features of the program include unlocked handsets, which means consumers are free to pick the network carrier they want, and two-year AppleCare+ protection, which includes "hardware repairs, software support, and coverage for up to two incidents of accidental damage".[162][163]

Criticism of the program includes the potential endless cycle of payments, with The Huffington Post's Damon Beres writing, "Complete the full 24-month payment cycle, and you're stuck with an outdated phone. Upgrade every 12 months, and you'll never stop owing Apple money for iPhones". Additionally, the program is limited to just the iPhone hardware; cell phone service from a network operator is not included.[164]

Intellectual property

Apple has filed more than 200 patent applications related to the technology behind the iPhone.[165][166]

LG Electronics claimed the design of the iPhone was copied from the LG Prada. Woo-Young Kwak, head of LG Mobile Handset R&D Center, said at a press conference: "we consider that Apple copied Prada phone after the design was unveiled when it was presented in the iF Design Award and won the prize in September 2006."[167] Conversely, the iPhone has also inspired its own share of high-tech clones.[168]

On September 3, 1993, Infogear filed for the U.S. trademark "I PHONE"[169] and on March 20, 1996, applied for the trademark "IPhone".[170] "I Phone" was registered in March 1998,[169] and "IPhone" was registered in 1999.[170] Since then, the I PHONE mark had been abandoned.[169] Infogear trademarks cover "communications terminals comprising computer hardware and software providing integrated telephone, data communications and personal computer functions" (1993 filing),[169] and "computer hardware and software for providing integrated telephone communication with computerized global information networks" (1996 filing).[171]

In 2000, Infogear filed an infringement claim against the owners of the iPhones.com domain name.[172] The owners of the iPhones.com domain name challenged the infringement claim in the Northern District Court of California. In June 2000, Cisco Systems acquired Infogear, including the iPhone trademark.[173] In September 2000, Cisco Systems settled with the owners of iPhones.com and allowed the owners to keep the iPhones.com domain name along with intellectual property rights to use any designation of the iPhones.com domain name for the sale of cellular phones, cellular phones with Internet access (WAP PHONES), handheld PDAs, storage devices, computer equipment (hardware/software), and digital cameras (hardware/software). The intellectual property rights were granted to the owners of the iPhones.com domain name by Cisco Systems in September 2000.

In October 2002, Apple applied for the "iPhone" trademark in the United Kingdom, Australia, Singapore, and the European Union. A Canadian application followed in October 2004, and a New Zealand application in September 2006. As of October 2006, only the Singapore and Australian applications had been granted.

In September 2006, a company called Ocean Telecom Services applied for an "iPhone" trademark in the United States, United Kingdom, and Hong Kong, following a filing in Trinidad and Tobago.[174] As the Ocean Telecom trademark applications use exactly the same wording as the New Zealand application of Apple, it is assumed that Ocean Telecom is applying on behalf of Apple.[175] The Canadian application was opposed in August 2005, by a Canadian company called Comwave who themselves applied for the trademark three months later. Comwave has been selling VoIP devices called iPhone since 2004.[173]

Shortly after Steve Jobs' January 9, 2007 announcement that Apple would be selling a product called iPhone in June 2007, Cisco issued a statement that it had been negotiating trademark licensing with Apple and expected Apple to agree to the final documents that had been submitted the night before.[176] On January 10, 2007, Cisco announced it had filed a lawsuit against Apple over the infringement of the trademark iPhone, seeking an injunction in federal court to prohibit Apple from using the name.[177] In February 2007, Cisco claimed that the trademark lawsuit was a "minor skirmish" that was not about money, but about interoperability.[178]

On February 2, 2007, Apple and Cisco announced that they had agreed to temporarily suspend litigation while they held settlement talks,[179] and subsequently announced on February 20, 2007, that they had reached an agreement. Both companies will be allowed to use the "iPhone" name[180] in exchange for "exploring interoperability" between their security, consumer, and business communications products.[181]

On October 22, 2009, Nokia filed a lawsuit against Apple for infringement of its GSM, UMTS and WLAN patents. Nokia alleges that Apple has been violating ten Nokia patents since the iPhone initial release.[182]

In December 2010, Reuters reported that some iPhone and iPad users were suing Apple Inc. because some applications were passing user information to third-party advertisers without permission. Some makers of the applications such as Textplus4, Paper Toss, The Weather Channel, Dictionary.com, Talking Tom Cat and Pumpkin Maker have also been named as co-defendants in the lawsuit.[183]

In August 2012, Apple won a smartphone patent lawsuit in the U.S. against Samsung, the world's largest maker of smartphones;[184] however, on December 6, 2016, SCOTUS reversed the decision that awarded nearly $400 million to Apple and returned the case to Federal Circuit court to define the appropriate legal standard to define "article of manufacture" because it is not the smartphone itself but could be just the case and screen to which the design patents relate.[185]

In March 2013, an Apple patent for a wraparound display was revealed.[186]


See also: Hardware restrictions § Apple devices

Apple tightly controls certain aspects of the iPhone. According to Jonathan Zittrain, the emergence of closed devices like the iPhone have made computing more proprietary than early versions of Microsoft Windows.[187]

The hacker community has found many workarounds, most of which are disallowed by Apple and make it difficult or impossible to obtain warranty service.[188] "Jailbreaking" allows users to install apps not available on the App Store or modify basic functionality. SIM unlocking allows the iPhone to be used on a different carrier's network.[189] However, in the United States, Apple cannot void an iPhone's warranty unless it can show that a problem or component failure is linked to the installation or placement of an after-market item such as unauthorized applications, because of the Federal Trade Commission's Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act of 1975.[190]

Users can set restrictions or parental controls[191] on apps that can be downloaded or used within the iPhone. The restrictions area requires a password.[192]


The iPhone normally prevents access to its media player and web features unless it has also been activated as a phone with an authorized carrier. On July 3, 2007, Jon Lech Johansen reported on his blog that he had successfully bypassed this requirement and unlocked the iPhone's other features with a combination of custom software and modification of the iTunes binary. He published the software and offsets for others to use.[193]

Unlike the first generation iPhone, the iPhone 3G must be activated in the store in most countries.[194] This makes the iPhone 3G more difficult, but not impossible, to hack. The need for in-store activation, as well as the huge number of first-generation iPhone and iPod Touch users upgrading to iPhone OS 2.0, caused a worldwide overload of Apple's servers on July 11, 2008, the day on which both the iPhone 3G and iPhone OS 2.0 updates as well as MobileMe were released. After the update, devices were required to connect to Apple's servers to authenticate it, causing many devices to be temporarily unusable.[195]

Users on the O2 network in the United Kingdom, however, can buy the phone online and activate it via iTunes as with the previous model.[196] Even where not required, vendors usually offer activation for the buyer's convenience. In the US, Apple has begun to offer free shipping on both the iPhone 3G and the iPhone 3GS (when available), reversing the in-store activation requirement. Best Buy and Walmart will also sell the iPhone.[197]

Unapproved third-party software and jailbreaking

See also: iOS jailbreaking and iPhone Dev Team

The iPhone's operating system is designed to only run software that has an Apple-approved cryptographic signature. This restriction can be overcome by "jailbreaking" the phone,[198] which involves replacing the iPhone's firmware with a slightly modified version that does not enforce the signature check. Doing so may be a circumvention of Apple's technical protection measures.[199] Apple, in a statement to the United States Copyright Office in response to Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) lobbying for a DMCA exception for this kind of hacking, claimed that jailbreaking the iPhone would be copyright infringement due to the necessary modification of system software.[200] However, in 2010, Jailbreaking was declared officially legal in the United States by the DMCA.[201] Jailbroken iPhones may be susceptible to computer viruses, but few such incidents have been reported.[202][203]

iOS and Android 2.3.3 'Gingerbread' may be set up to dual boot on a jailbroken iPhone with the help of OpeniBoot or iDroid.[204][205]

In 2007, 2010, and 2011, developers released a series of tools called JailbreakMe that used security vulnerabilities in Mobile Safari rendering to jailbreak the device (which allows users to install any compatible software on the device instead of only App Store apps).[206][207][208] Each of these exploits were quickly fixed by iOS updates from Apple. Theoretically these flaws could have also been used for malicious purposes.[209]

In July 2011, Apple released iOS 4.3.5 (4.2.10 for CDMA iPhone) to fix a security vulnerability with certificate validation.[210]

Following the release of the iPhone 5S model, a group of German hackers called the Chaos Computer Club announced on September 21, 2013, that they had bypassed Apple's new Touch ID fingerprint sensor by using "easy everyday means." The group explained that the security system had been defeated by photographing a fingerprint from a glass surface and using that captured image as verification. The spokesman for the group stated: "We hope that this finally puts to rest the illusions people have about fingerprint biometrics. It is plain stupid to use something that you can't change and that you leave everywhere every day as a security token."[211][212]

SIM unlocking

United States

iPhone 5Sshown with the SIMtray partially ejected and SIM ejector tool in the eject hole.

Most iPhones were and are still[citation needed] sold with a SIM lock, which restricts the use of the phone to one particular carrier, a common practice with subsidized GSM phones. Unlike most GSM phones, however, the phone cannot be officially unlocked by entering a code.[citation needed] The locked/unlocked state is maintained on Apple's servers[citation needed] per IMEI and is set when the iPhone is activated.[213][failed verification]

While the iPhone was initially sold in the U.S. only on the AT&T network with a SIM lock in place, various hackers have found methods to "unlock" the phone from a specific network.[214] Although AT&T, Sprint, T-Mobile and Verizon are the only authorized iPhone carriers in the United States[citation needed], unlocked iPhones can be used with other carriers.[215] For example, an unlocked iPhone may be used on the T-Mobile network in the U.S. but, while an unlocked iPhone is compatible with T-Mobile's voice network, it may not be able to make use of 3G or 4G functionality (i.e. no mobile web or e-mail, etc.).[failed verification] More than a quarter of the original first generation iPhones sold in the U.S. were not registered with AT&T. Apple speculates that they were likely shipped overseas and unlocked, a lucrative market before the iPhone 3G's worldwide release.[34][217]

On March 26, 2009, AT&T in the United States began selling the iPhone without a contract, though still SIM-locked to their network.[218] The up-front purchase price of such iPhone units is often twice as expensive as those bundled with contracts.[219]

Outside of the United States, policies differ, especially in U.S. territories and insular areas like Guam; GTA Teleguam was the exclusive carrier for the iPhone since its introduction, as none of the four U.S. carriers (AT&T, Sprint, T-Mobile, and Verizon) have a presence in the area.[220] Since 2013, Docomo Pacific ended GTA's exclusivity starting with the iPhone 5.[221]

Beginning April 8, 2012, AT&T began offering a factory SIM unlock option (which Apple calls a "whitelisting", allowing it to be used on any carrier the phone supports) for iPhone owners.[222]

It has been reported that all of the Verizon 4G LTE phones come factory unlocked. After such discovery, Verizon announced that all of their 4G LTE phones, including iPhones, would remain unlocked. This is due to the regulations that the FCC has placed on the 700 MHz C-Block spectrum,[citation needed] which is used by Verizon.[223]Apple loses more money than it makes on repair services in the US.[224]

Other countries

In the United Kingdom, O2, EE, 3, Vodafone, and Tesco Mobile sell the device under subsidized contracts, or for use on a pay as you go. They are locked to the network initially, though they can usually be unlocked either after a certain period of contract length has passed, or for a small fee (with the exception of the 3 network, which will unlock the device at any time for no charge).[225] However, all current versions of iPhone are available for purchase SIM-free from the Apple Store or Apple's Online Store, consequently, they are unlocked for use on any GSM network too.[226]

In Canada, all iPhones purchased for full retail price at an Apple Store or online at apple.com come unlocked which allows customer selection of carriers. iPhones sold in Canada purchased through mobile carries such as TELUS, Rogers, or Bell were locked to their respective networks and unlocking required visiting a carrier store and paying an unlocking fee. Third-party methods to unlock iPhones existed but were highly unreliable and sometimes rendered phones unusable.[citation needed] However, in 2017 the CRTC abolished SIM-locking and required that all mobile devices sold after December 1, 2017, come unlocked.[227] The CRTC also mandated that carriers must offer unlocking services of existing devices for free to consumers, regardless of whether or not they had purchased the phone themselves. In Australia, the three major carriers (Optus, Telstra and Vodafone)[228] offer legitimate unlocking, now at no cost for all iPhone devices, both current and prior models.

Internationally, policies vary, but many carriers sell the iPhone unlocked for full retail price.[229]

Prevention of repair


This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (April 2021)

Apple takes numerous measures that make third-party repairs difficult. Only Apple and service providers / independent repair providers explicitly authorized by Apple are able to perform genuine replacements.[230]

In the past (with models as early as the iPhone 6), there have been reports such as denial of operation if the home button is detected to have been tampered with, upon which an Error 53 is indicated instead.[231] There have also been issues caused by swapping a display made by one manufacturer with one made by another, as Apple uses multiple suppliers for its displays.[232]

In more recent models (starting with the iPhone XR), Apple displays non-removable warnings if the battery, display, or camera is replaced by a third party.[233] Additionally, features are disabled upon detection of a "non-genuine" replacement such as disabling true tone or hiding the battery health feature. iFixit notes that a proprietary, cloud-linked System Configuration tool is required to "complete" a part repair, meaning that even replacing a genuine part with another genuine part will fail Apple's "genuine parts" check unless said tool is used.[234]

Legal battles over brand name

In Mexico, the trademark iFone was registered in 2003 by a communications systems and services company, iFone.[235] Apple tried to gain control over its brand name, but a Mexican court denied the request. The case began in 2009, when the Mexican firm sued Apple. The Supreme Court of Mexico upheld that iFone is the rightful owner and held that Apple iPhone is a trademark violation.[236]

In Brazil, the brand IPHONE was registered in 2000 by the company then called Gradiente Eletrônica S.A., now IGB Eletrônica S.A. According to the filing, Gradiente foresaw the revolution in the convergence of voice and data over the Internet at the time.[237] The final battle over the brand name concluded in 2008. On December 18, 2012, IGB launched its own line of Android smartphones under the tradename to which it has exclusive rights in the local market.[237] In February 2013, the Brazilian Patent and Trademark Office (known as "Instituto Nacional da Propriedade Industrial") issued a ruling that Gradiente Eletrônica, not Apple, owned the "iPhone" mark in Brazil. The "iPhone" term was registered by Gradiente in 2000, seven years before Apple's release of its first iPhone. This decision came three months after Gradiente Eletrônica launched a lower-cost smartphone using the iPhone brand.[238] In June 2014, Apple won, for the second time, the right to use the brand name in Brazil. The court ruling determined that the Gradiente's registration does not own exclusive rights on the brand. Although Gradiente intended to appeal, with the decision Apple can use freely the brand without paying royalties to the Brazilian company.[239]

In the Philippines, Solid Group launched the MyPhone brand in 2007. Stylized as "my|phone", Solid Broadband filed a trademark application of that brand. Apple later filed a trademark case at the Intellectual Property Office of the Philippines (IPOPHL) against Solid Broadband's MyPhone for "confusingly similar" to the iPhone and that it may likely "deceive" or "cause confusion" among consumers. Apple lost the trademark battle to Solid Group in a 2015 decision made by IPO director Nathaniel Arevalo, who also reportedly said that it was unlikely that consumers would be confused between the "iPhone" and the "MyPhone". "This is a case of a giant trying to claim more territory than what it is entitled to, to the great prejudice of a local 'Pinoy Phone' merchant who has managed to obtain a significant foothold in the mobile phone market through the marketing and sale of innovative products under a very distinctive trademark", Arevalo later added.[240][241]

Privacy issues

Location tracking controversies

Around April 20, 2011, a hiddenunencrypted file on the iPhone and other iOS devices was widely discussed in the media.[242][243] It was alleged that the file, labeled "consolidated.db", constantly stores the iPhone user's movement by approximating geographic locations calculated by triangulating nearby cell phone towers, a technology proven to be inaccurate at times.[244] The file was released with the June 2010 update of Apple iOS4 and may contain almost a year's worth of data. Previous versions of iOS stored similar information in a file called "h-cells.plist".[245]

F-Secure discovered that the data is transmitted to Apple twice a day and postulate that Apple is using the information to construct their global location database similar to the ones constructed by Google and Skyhook through wardriving.[246] Nevertheless, unlike the Google "Latitude" application, which performs a similar task on Android phones, the file is not dependent upon signing a specific EULA or even the user's knowledge, but it is stated in the 15,200 word-long terms and conditions of the iPhone that "Apple and [their] partners and licensees may collect, use, and share precise location data, including the real-time geographic location of [the user's] Apple computer or device".[247]

The file is also automatically copied onto the user's computer once synchronized with the iPhone. An open-source application

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IPhone

Iphone 2018

The evolution of Apple's iPhone

Today's best reads

As the iPhone ages, it's important to look at how the now-iconic device has matured since its arrival in 2007.

Computerworld > The Evolution of the iPhone [cover]

The iPhone, then and now

The iPhone has come a long way since its arrival in 2007.

Computerworld > The Evolution of the iPhone > The Original iPhone

First iPhone

After months of rumors and speculation, Apple CEO Steve Jobs unveiled the first iPhone on Jan. 9, 2007. The device, which didn’t actually go on sale until June, started at $499 for a 4GB model, $599 for the 8GB version (with a two-year contract). It offered a 3.5-in. screen, a 2-megapixel camera and won plaudits for the then-new multitouch features. Critics, however, said the phone was too expensive to do well in the market. [See iPhone launch story here.]

Computerworld > The Evolution of the iPhone > iPhone 3G

iPhone 3G

On June 9, 2008, a year after the original iPhone went on sale, Apple rolled out its successor, the iPhone 3G. The new model could connect to faster 3G-based networks, included built-in GPS, offered more storage and was cheaper. Selling for $199 for the 8GB model, $299 for the 16GB version, the iPhone 3G was available on July 11, and offered something called location services. “Location services is going to be a really big deal on the iPhone,” said CEO Steve Jobs. “It’s going to explode.” [See launch story here.]

Computerworld > The Evolution of the iPhone > iPhone 3GS

iPhone 3GS

Again at WWDC, Apple Steve Jobs announced the next iPhone, a faster version called the iPhone 3GS. Although the form factor was unchanged from the previous version, the new iPhone was twice as fast as its predecessor and ran iPhone 3.0 (an early version of iOS 8, due out later this month). The 32GB iPhone 3G S sold for $299; a 16GB model went for $199. An 8GB iPhone 3G was also offered for $99. The iPhone 3GS was available June 19, 2009. [See launch story here.]

Computerworld > The Evolution of the iPhone > iPhone 4

iPhone 4

The redesigned iPhone 4 arrived on June 7, 2010 in tandem with the newly-renamed iOS 4, and marked the arrival of FaceTime video chat. Prices remained unchanged: $199 for a 16GB model and $299 for the 32GB version. It went on sale on June 24, and heralded the arrival of the first high-resolution “Retina” screen. “Once you use a Retina Display, you can’t go back,” said Steve Jobs. [See launch story here.]

Computerworld > The Evolution of the iPhone > iPhone 4S

iPhone 4S

In a change of pace, Apple unveiled the iPhone 4S on Oct. 4, 2011, a few weeks after Steve Jobs stepped down because of health issues. New CEO Tim Cook talked up the new phone's dual-core processor (the same used in the iPad 2), and said the 4S would go on sale Oct. 14. In addition to the usual 16GB and 32GB models, Apple also unveiled a 64GB version that sold for $399. [See launch story here.]

Computerworld > The Evolution of the iPhone > iPhone 5

iPhone 5

The iPhone 5, the first version to have a 4-in. screen, arrived on Sept. 12, 2012, as CEO Tim Cook touted the faster, slimmer upgrade to the iPhone 4S during a 90-minute presentation in San Francisco. “This is the biggest thing to happen to iPhone since the [original] iPhone,” he said, referring to the first-gen smartphone Steve Jobs had launched in 2007. The iPhone 5 hit the streets on Sept. 21; prices for the 16GB, 32GB and 64GB models were unchanged. [See launch story here.]

Computerworld > The Evolution of the iPhone > iPhone 5s / 5c

iPhone 5S and 5C

Last Sept. 10, Apple CEO Tim Cook rolled out not one, but two iPhones: the upscale iPhone 5S (now in gold, in addition to the usual white and black), and the colorful, less-expensive iPhone 5C. (The iPhone 5C was basically a reskinned iPhone 5.) The iPhone 5S got a faster, 64-bit A7 SoC (system on a chip), Touch ID, and a new motion data processor touted as the foundation for a new wave of health and fitness apps. The iPhone 5C started at $99 for a $16GB model; the iPhone 5S started at $199 for the same amount of storage. Both went on sale Sept. 20. [See launch story here.]

Computerworld > The Evolution of the iPhone > iPhone 6 / 6 Plus

iPhone 6 and 6 Plus

For the second year in a row, Apple unveiled two iPhones: the iPhone 6, which has a 4.7-in. screen, and the iPhone 6 Plus, with a 5.5-in. screen. Both iPhones sport new A8 processors that are faster and more efficient than last year’s models. Both also have upgraded cameras and are NFC-ready for access to the new Apple Pay network that rolls out in October. Although the iPhone 6 is priced the same as 2013’s iPhone 5S, the Plus model is $100 more. [See launch story here.]

Computerworld > The Evolution of the iPhone > iPhone 6s / 6s Plus

iPhone 6S and 6S Plus

Apple's iPhone 6S and 6S Plus represent meaty upgrades to the 2014 models on which they're based. The 6S and 6S plus get new force touch technology called 3D Touch, as well as a beefed up 12-megapixel iSight camera that can shoot 4K video. (The 5-megapixel FaceTime camera is also new, and is designed to take better selfies.) Both phones run on a faster A9 chip, and come in a new color for 2015: rose gold. [See launch story here.]

Computerworld > The Evolution of the iPhone > iPhone 7 / 7 Plus

iPhone 7 and 7 Plus

The iPhone 7 and 7 Plus look much like the 2015 models with three major exceptions: Apple eliminated the audio jack, changed the home button into a haptic-based virtual button and added a dual-camera setup in the 7S. The loss of the audio jack, a somewhat controversial move, means users will have to rely on the Apple-supplied earbuds or use their old headphones with the included adapter. Both phones run on a quad-core A10 Fusion chip, and come in two new colors: Black (a matte-finish charcoal color) and the super shiny Jet Black. [See launch story here.]

Computerworld > The Evolution of the iPhone > iPhone 8 / 8 Plus

iPhone 8/8 Plus

Apple introduced the iPhone 8 and 8 Plus with a new glass and aluminium enclosure, Retina HD display, A11 Bionic Chip, and wireless charging on Sept. 12, 2017. The front and back glass enclosure, which Apple claims is the most durable glass ever in a smartphone, is reminiscent of the design of the iPhone 4 and 4s. True Tone technology adjusts the white balance of the display to match the surrounding light. Redesigned stereo speakers are 25% louder and deliver deeper bass. Apple calls the A11 Bionic chip "the most powerful and smartest chip ever in a smartphone." It features a six-core CPU with two performance cores and four efficiency cores, which are 25% and 70% faster than the A10 Fusion chip, respectively. The new iPhones include an Apple-designed GPU that delivers up to 30% faster graphics than in 2016’s iPhone 7. Each model features an improved 12-megapixel camera with a larger (and faster) sensor, a new color filter, deeper pixels and capabilities for 4K video up to 60fps and 1080p slo-mo up to 240fps. ARKit in iOS 11 allows developers to create AR games and apps offering immersive and fluid experiences. Color variations include space gray, silver, and a new version of gold. Pre-orders begin on Sept. 15; sales in stores begin Sept. 22.

Computerworld > The Evolution of the iPhone > iPhone X

iPhone X

To commemorate a decade of iPhones, Apple ended its September event with “one more thing,” the iPhone X (“ten”). Starting at $999 for 64GB and $1,149 for 256GB, it is Apple’s most expensive iPhone to date. It includes a redesigned glass and stainless steel enclosure, wireless charging and dual cameras. Its flagship feature is an edge-to-edge “Super Retina display” -- a 5.8-in. OLED display that supports Dolby Vision and HDR 10. It has a pixel resolution of 458ppi, a 1 million-to-1 contrast ratio, and True Tone. Touch ID and the Home button have been removed in favor of a new biometric security: Face ID. Face ID uses a TrueDepth camera system made up of a dot projector, infrared camera and flood illuminator. The A11 Bionic chip works in tandem with advanced depth-sensing technologies to map and recognize a user's face to securely unlock the iPhone or make a transaction with Apple Pay. Face ID only works when a user looks at the iPhone X directly and is designed to prevent spoofing by photos and masks. The TrueDepth camera also can animate emoji, which Apple playfully calls Animoji. The 7-megapixel TrueDepth front-facing camera that enables Face ID also includes auto image stabilization and delivers Portrait mode for better selfies with a depth-of-field effect. The dual 12-megapixel rear camera includes dual optical image stabilization, and an improved f/2.4 aperature on the telephoto lens. According to Apple, the new A11 Bionic neural engine performs up to 600 billion operations per second and is designed for specific machine learning algorithms, enabling Face ID, Animoji, and other features. Colors include silver and space gray. Pre-orders start on Oct. 27; the iPhone X will be available November 3.

Computerworld > The Evolution of the iPhone > iPhone XR

iPhone Xr

The Xr has an aluminum-and-glass design in six finishes, with improved water resistance and a 6.1-in. “Liquid Retina” display. It’s available in 64GB, 128GB and 256GB models, starting at $749, and features Apple's A12 Bionic Chip with second-generation Neural Engine – the first 7-nanometer chip in a smartphone. Portrait mode with depth control is available on the TrueDepth camera for selfies, which includes support for Memoji and face tracking for Face ID authentication, while the 12-megapixel camera with an f/1.8-aperture wide-angle lens has a new sensor and improved software algorithms for faster focusing and enhanced portraiture with depth control. Established iPhone gestures are supported, and haptic touch controls can be used to instantly launch the camera or flashlight from the home screen. Pre-orders begin on Oct. 19; sales in stores start Oct. 26.

Computerworld > The Evolution of the iPhone > iPhone XS / XS Max

iPhone Xs and Xs Max

Featuring 5.8- and 6.5-in. all-screen designs and improved scratch- and water-resistance, Apple's iPhone Xs and Xs Max both offer Super Retina OLED displays that support Dolby Vision and HDR10 and have iOS system-wide color management; the Xs Max has the largest iPhone display to date, with more than 3 million pixels, and the biggest battery – promising up to an hour and a half more battery life than the iPhone X. The 12-megapixel dual-camera system offers advanced depth segmentation in Portrait mode with the ability to adjust depth of field both in preview and post-capture for precise control in portrait creation; the new system allows for faster face tracking for Face ID, Memoji and third-party ARKit apps. Low-light performance and image stabilization has been enhanced for both still photography and video capture, in addition to an extended dynamic range for better highlight and shadow detail, and four built-in mics can record stereo sound. These models are the first to include Apple's A12 Bionic Chip with second-generation Neural Engine. The new chip design is capable of completing up to 5 trillion operations per second (compared with 600 billion in its predecessor). Models in 64GB, 256GB and 512GB configurations start at $999 and $1,099 for the Xs and Xs Max, respectively. Pre-orders began on Sept. 14, with availability in stores on Sept. 21.

Computerworld > The Evolution of the iPhone > iPhone 11

iPhone 11

The iPhone 11, which succeeds 2018's iPhone XR, gets a $50 price cut (to $699), a new color (purple), a redesigned two-camera system, and a number of under-the-hood technology upgrades. The screen is a 6.1-in. Liquid Retina HD display, storage comes in 64GB, 128GB or 256GB options and the phone uses Apple's new A13 "Bionic" processor. The camera system features a new ultra-wide camera that captures more than four times the scenery and 4K video at up to 60 frames per second. It also features audio zoom, so if you zoom in on video, the audio does, too. The front-facing camera is now a 12-megapixel model that allows for slow-motion selfies, which Apple dubbed "slofies." The camera system now offers a new "night mode" for better images in low-light conditions. According to Apple, the A13 bionic chip allows for an extra hour of use compared to the 2018 models. Pre-orders begin Sept. 13, with the phones available in stores on Sept. 20.

Computerworld > The Evolution of the iPhone > iPhone 11 Pro / Pro Max

iPhone 11 Pro and 11 Pro Max

The iPhone 11 Pro and Pro Max succeed last year's iPhone XS and XS Max, and start at $999. The new phones come in four colors, including a new one (Midnight Green), feature a wholly new three-camera system, and a variety of under-the-hood technology upgrades. The screen is either a 5.8-in. or 6.5-in. Super Retina XDR display, storage comes in 64GB, 128GB or 256GB options and the phone uses Apple's new A13 "Bionic" processor. The camera system features a new ultra-wide camera that captures more than four times the scenery and 4K video at up to 60 frames per second. It also features audio zoom, so if you zoom in on video, the audio does too. The front-facing camera is now a 12-megapixel model that allows for slow-motion selfies, which Apple dubbed "slofies." The camera system now offers a new "night mode" for better images in low-light conditions. According to Apple, the A13 bionic chip and the third-generation Neural Engine run more efficiently, allowing for up to four or five hours of additional use compared to the last year's models. Pre-orders begin Sept. 13, with the phones available in stores on Sept. 20.

Computerworld > The Evolution of the iPhone > iPhone 12 / 12 mini

iPhone 12 and 12 mini

The iPhone 12 takes over for the iPhone 11, as Apple expands its OLED displays across its smartphone line-up and rolls out a new 5.4-in. iPhone mini (on sale in November). Prices start at $699 for the mini ($100 more for the larger iPhone 12) with storage options of 64GB, 128GB, and 256GB. The new Super Retina XDR displays are built with what Apple calls “Ceramic Shield” for four times better resistance to breaking if dropped. All iPhone 12 models use the A14 Bionic chip and offer 5G networking — both the sub-6GHz and mmWave varieties. Both models offer a dual 12MP camera system with Ultra Wide and Wide cameras that include Night Mode for better photos in low-light conditions. 4K video recording can be done at 24 fps, 30 fps, or 60 fps and HDR video recording with Dolby Vision is available at up to 30 fps. Pre-orders for the iPhone 12 begin Oct. 16, with the phones available in stories on Oct. 23. The iPhone 12 mini can be ordered beginning Nov. 6, with availability a week later.

Computerworld > The Evolution of the iPhone > iPhone 12 Pro / Pro Max

iPhone 12 Pro and 12 Pro Max

The iPhone 12 Pro gets an even larger big brother this year with the 6.7-in. iPhone 12 Pro Max (on sale in November). Prices start at $999 for the iPhone 12 Pro ($100 more for the Pro Max) with storage options of 128GB, 256GB and 512GB. The new Super Retina XDR OLED displays are built with what Apple calls “Ceramic Shield” for four times better resistance to breaking if dropped. Both Pro models use the A14 Bionic chip and offer 5G networking — both the sub-6GHz and mmWave varieties. The three-lens Pro 12MP camera system include offer either a 4X or 5X optical zoom range, Night Mode for better photos in low-light conditions, and LiDAR sensors for faster focus and improved AR/VR. 4K video recording can be done at 24 fps, 30 fps, or 60 fps and HDR video recording with Dolby Vision is available at up to 60 fps. Pre-orders for the iPhone 12 Pro begin Oct. 16, with the phones available in stories on Oct. 23. The iPhone 12 Pro Max can be ordered beginning Nov. 6, with availability a week later.

iphone 13 slide evolution of iPhone

iPhone 13 and 13 mini

The iPhone 13 and 13 mini pick up where last year’s models left off: they have the same form factor and price range as in 2020, a new processor, and better battery life. Prices start at $699 for the mini ($100 more for the larger iPhone 13) with storage options of 128GB — twice the base amount offered last year — 256GB, and 512GB. Both models sport Apple’s Super Retina XDR displays and run on the new A15 Bionic chip. Both also feature a 12MP dual-camera system with Ultra Wide and Wide cameras, sensor‑shift optical image stabilization for sharper photos, and “cinematic mode” for video. 4K video can be shot at 24 fps, 25 fps, 30 fps, or 60 fps and HDR video recording with Dolby Vision is available at up to 60 fps. Both have larger batteries for up to 2.5 hours more battery life in the iPhone 13 (1.5 hours more in the mini). Pre-orders for the iPhone 13 began Sept. 17, with the phones available in stories on Sept. 24.

iphone 13 pro slide evolution of iPhone

iPhone 13 Pro and Pro Max

The iPhone 13 Pro and Pro Max are virtually identical to their predecessors, though slightly thicker and heavier; get Apple’s newest A15 bionic processor; and deliver better battery life. Prices again start at $999 (for the iPhone 13 Pro) and $1099 (for the iPhone 13 Pro Max) with storage options ranging from 128GB to a whopping 1TB. Both models again use Apple’s Super Retina XDR displays, with the Pro models this year getting ProMotion screens for smoother on-screen graphics. Both feature a 12MP triple-camera system with revamped Ultra Wide and Wide cameras, “cinematic mode” for video, and macro photography. 4K video can be shot at 24 fps, 25 fps, 30 fps, or 60 fps and HDR video recording with Dolby Vision is available at up to 60 fps. A larger battery means up to 2.5 hours more battery life in the iPhone 13 Pro Max (1.5 hours more in the 13 Pro). Pre-orders began Sept. 17, with the phones available in stories on Sept. 24.

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Sours: https://www.computerworld.com/article/2604020/the-evolution-of-apples-iphone.html

Last September Apple crossed the Rubicon, the iPhone X introducing a new design direction for the company's smartphones. Apple's next generation of biometric security, Face ID allowed Apple to retire the Home Button and move towards its vision to create an iPhone that is entirely screen.

Offsetting the loss of the Home Button, a new set of navigational gestures were introduced, which according to Jonathan Ive, is how we will interact with our iPhones for the next ten years.

While the iPhone X struck off in a new direction, the iPhone 8 and iPhone 8 Plus refined and polished the familiar design that had evolved over the last ten years to where we are today. That meant Apple has three iPhones in its 2017 line-up as opposed to its usual two, covering two distinct designs.

In 2018, yesteryear's flagship design will be retired as two new beautified iPhone models join the family alongside the replacement for the iPhone X. So it’s time to bid the Home Button and Touch ID adieu.

Say hello to the 2018 iPhones

Our take on the 2018 iPhones

OK, so the above is our take having taken a step back, consumed the rumors and added in a few predictions of our own. Have we knocked it out the ballpark or a foul ball? Only time will tell, but in the meantime read on as we explain the reasoning, starting with:


So how did we arrive at the names? These are less likely to leak early as it’s well within Apple’s purview, so let's dive in and have some fun speculating, shall we? After all, it's much easier to refer to each device by its name as opposed to screen size.

Apple’s iPhone naming convention often included the S designation, and in a one-off, Apple used the C appendage for its plastic-bodied iPhone 5c. While the 9.7-inch iPad is to referred to as "iPad," the higher spec models adopt the Pro nomenclature. Additionally, while unlikely, Apple may stick with the X name. Straight off the bat, we'll skip the iPhone 9 name as it soon crashes into X.

By focusing on the two flagships first, we'll also gain some insight on what the 6.1-inch 2018 iPhone may be called:

5.8" iPhone6.5" iPhone
iPhone 11iPhone 11 Plus
iPhoneiPhone Plus
iPhoneiPhone Pro
iPhone XiPhone X Plus
iPhone XsiPhone Xs Plus
iPhone X2iPhone X2 Plus

Looking at the list with our Apple marketing hat on - the first two stand out as the most likely options, and for the sake of this argument, we'll use iPhone 11 and iPhone 11 Plus. With that decided, where does that leave the 6.1-inch version?

Well, the 6.1-inch variant is believed to be a more cost-effective budget version - something we have heard of before. Exactly, the iPhone SE. We don't for one minute believe that the 6.1-inch variant will replace the SE, the iPhone SE is unique due to both its price and small form factor. Instead, it's not beyond the realm of possibility that the 6.1-inch will join the SE family - hence Apple will introduce the iPhone SE Plus.


The replacement for the iPhone X will keep its 5.8-inch 458ppi display and will be joined by a bigger "Plus" sibling with a 6.5-inch 480-500ppi display. These two iPhones will become Apple's iPhone 2018 flagships and will employ OLED multi-touch displays supporting HDR and 3D Touch which Apple markets as the Super Retina HD display.

New 2018 iPhone scale mock-ups compared to iPhone 8 and iPhone 8 Plus

The 2018 flagships will be joined by a new mid-sized variant with a 6.1-inch 320-330ppi display which will continue to use an LCD, Apple markets these as the Retina HD display. While likely HDR-capable, it's been speculated that the 6.1-inch LCD model may drop support for 3D Touch.

In order to achieve the iPhone family look for the LCD equipped 6.1-inch iPhone, according to DigiTimes, Apple has been working with Japan’s Nichia who have developed a new kind of LED backlighting technology that will require smaller connectors which it refers to as the 0.3t LED chip.

It's these connectors that often dictate the size of the chin on LCD phones. The 0.3t LED chip has smaller connectors than the current 0.4t LED chip resulting in bezel size of 2.0mm-2.5mm. While this new LCD allows a consistent bezel all around, the LCD equipped 6.1-inch variant may still have slightly larger bezels than the OLED equipped flagships.

Apple Pencil and 120Hz displays

With the 2018 iPad supporting the Apple pencil, does it make sense for Apple to add Apple Pencil support to the 2018 iPhones? Dependent on your inclination, maybe. If Apple does introduce Apple Pencil support, the 6.5-inch could overnight compete with the Samsung Galaxy Note9.

Yet in our experience, the Apple Pencil works best when paired with the iPad Pro's 120Hz display. Today's iPad, with its 60Hz display, doesn't have the smoothness to feel right - maybe we've been spoiled by the iPad Pro. Just as we saw True Tone cascade down from the iPad Pro to the iPhone, will we see Apple equip its flagship iPhones with 120Hz displays? We could also envisage this being a popular choice among gamers and potentially Augmented Reality applications. It's even possible that Apple will reserve this for the iPhone 11 Plus to further differentiate its larger model.

Design, build and finishes

All 2018 iPhones will continue in the design direction set by the iPhone X with the inevitable subtle enhancements as a result of learning from the iPhone X and advances in manufacturing.

While subtle, you'll notice that our renders differ slightly from other sources as we've kept the button layout and positions the same distance from the bottom of each variant - our rationale for this was facilitating ease of reach when using the Home/multitasking gestures. We're less sure of the pull-down gestures though from the top of these taller screens, but we'll know soon enough.

Apple will double-down on Face ID in the 2018 iPhones with all utilizing a cutout for the associated Face ID tech, sensors, speaker/microphone and front camera. As the iPhone X introduced the first generation of Face ID, we wouldn't expect a generational shift just yet. That being said, it's rumored that improvements in packaging could result in the size of the notch being reduced.

With Apple's commitment to wireless charging, expect the flagship 2018 phones to continue to be constructed with a reinforced glass backside, employing stainless steel between the glass sandwich.

If the 6.1-inch iPhone arrives with a glass back, it's been speculated that it will employ aluminum alloy to join the two glass surfaces together.

6.1-inch iPhone rumoured to come in more colours

One area where rivals are eclipsing Apple is in their use of color within the glass manufacturing process leading to some stunning colorways. The iPhone X is still only available in Silver and Space Grey finishes, no Product Red edition was launched, and the Gold version spotted at the FCC hasn't seen the light of day yet. We know Apple can color its glass successfully with its 7-layer color process by the availability of Gold and Product Red finishes for the iPhone 8 and iPhone 8 Plus. Maybe Apple had trouble colorizing the stainless steel.

According to TF International Securities analyst Ming-Chi Kuo Apple will finally offer the flagships iPhones in a Gold finish. He even says Apple will offer the 6.1-inch iPhone in a greater range of colors, potentially including Blue, Red, Grey, White, and Orange. We've seen conflicting reports on the exact colors from Makotakara, but the indications are clear - expect more colors.

We can't help but speculate that given the challenges Apple seems to have had providing additional color finishes for the iPhone X, the 6.1-inch iPhone could adopt an entirely aluminum enclosure similar to its iPod Touch range, forgoing the glass back and wireless charging - remember, you read it here first.


As a minimum we expect the flagships to come with the dual camera system from the iPhone X. Comprising of 12MP ƒ/1.8 regular (in phone terms, that is) and ƒ/2.4 telephoto cameras and keeping the dual optical image stabilization. All this assisted by the Quad-LED True Tone flash with slow sync.

In keeping with its more budget status, the 6.1-inch model will use a single lens, as the iPhone 8.

Forbes, based on case schematics from Ghostek, reports that the flagship 6.5-inch iPhone could come with a three sensor arrangement. Apple could move to differentiate its largest offering by utilizing a triple lens setup, supplementing the wide-angle and telephoto lens with a monochrome sensor for decreasing image noise and improving dynamic range. We're big fans of the Huawei P20 Pro and as such more than willing to hope Apple go this route.

2018 iPhone speculated camera range

Apple has remained conservative when it comes to its pixel count - it's been at 12MP since the iPhone 6s.

Sony, the supplier of iPhone camera lenses, recently introduced the IMX586 a smartphone camera lens with 48 MP Quad Bayer 2x2 pixel array.. On most occasions it will bin four pixels together outputting the equivalent of 12MP sensor with large 1.6 μm pixels.

Essentially this is the successor of the 40MP sensor inside the Huawei P20 Pro, which also packs a Quad Bayer arrangement. Publicly Sony has stated that this will begin arriving at smartphones as early as September 2018. It's probably just wishful thinking to assume that Apple will have the opportunity to include the IMX586 in the 2018 iPhone lineup.

If Apple does decide to up the megapixel count, Sony has a number of sensors in its Exmore RS range that are suitable, giving Apple ample time to integrate with its ISP and computational needs. That would mean we should expect something in the 16-19MP range.

We previously reported that from 2019 Apple could introduce its TrueDepth 3D sensor to the rear cameras to improve AR, provide additional camera effects such as Portrait Mode and allow you to plop an Animoji on an unsuspecting subjects head. There's an outside chance that Apple could introduce this sooner as it doubles down on AR.

The front facing, or selfie camera, on the iPhone X is OK at best. As such, we expect Apple to greatly improve upon it in the 2018 range. Even taking the easy route, expect a new 12MP front-facing camera to make the best out of the new Group FaceTime feature in iOS 12.

We won't dwell too long on video, but we'd be interested to see the approach Apple will adopt. Some feel the current flagship trend of capturing a small burst 960fps, while fun, actually turns out to be quite tricky to use in the real world. It's still an amazingly cool feature though so we'd love to see Apple come up with its own solution.

A12 Processor with 4GB RAM

It's a safe assumption that Apple will introduce the next generation of its venerable A-Series SoC, the A12 and will undoubtedly outfit the two flagships with them.

What will Apple use to power the 6.1-inch iPhone? With the A11 Bionic still doing great, would Apple take the opportunity to reduce costs and equip the 6.1-inch iPhone with last year's SoC? We hope not, but you never know.

An alleged 2018 iPhone with iOS 12 recently surfaced on Geekbench. We can't be certain of its authenticity, but if we compare its results to previous generations of the A-Series SoC's, then it's certainly in the ball park if maybe a little less than what we were expecting. Also of interest in the Geekbench benchmark was the processor has a base frequency of 2.49 GHz.

Apple's A series SoC Geekbench results with alleged A12 scores

According to DigiTimes, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC) has been ramping up volume production of 7nm process in the second half of the year to fulfill lucrative orders from Apple for fabricating A12 chips for its 2018 new iPhone models.

It's expected that the A12 will benefit from not only faster performance but a subsequent decrease in power consumption.

Of course, the A12 SoC brings a great deal more to the table. Its ISP will bring all sorts of improved camera goodness such as even faster autofocus, pixel processing and hardware enabled multi-band noise reduction.

Similarly, the A12 neural engine improvements (A11 Bionic Neural engine is a Dual-core design, capable of real-time processing of 600 billion operations per second) should improve Face ID's performance. The iPhone X with the A11 Bionic was on par with the first generation of Touch ID, and for some, that felt just a tad too slow.

It's expected that the A12 SoC will also include Apple's 2nd generation in-house GPU. If the Geekbench results are factual, the performance is again going to be class-leading.

We always seem to knock Apple for the amount of storage of RAM within its devices, but we have hope that we'll see the two flagships with 4GB RAM as indicated by the Geekbench listing, while it could increase the maximum storage from 256GB to 512GB.

Battery & Charging

Apple will continue with the two battery setup with this year's flagships, first seen in the iPhone X. The 6.1-inch iPhone is likely to have a single battery.

It's been widely reported that Apple is designing its own Power Management chips for all or some of the 2018 iPhones reducing reliance on its incumbent supplier Dialog Semiconductor. Conflicting sources have stated that Apple is set to replace around half of its power management chips in 2018 iPhones while another source noted that the chips might not be ready until 2019.

If the chips are ready, expect them to appear in the 5.8” and 6.5” iPhones. Apple’s new chips will handle tasks like battery life management, iPhone charging (linked with AirPower) and energy consumption with advanced power monitoring capabilities (expanding the new iOS 12 battery stats). Last year, by designing its own GPU, Apple managed to cut costs and improve its flagship.

If the stars do align, Apple's Power Management chips, combined with a 7nm A12 SoC could see hours added onto the runtime of the 2018 iPhones.

Finally, expect Apple to finally launch the AirPower Mat officially. Announced alongside last year's iPhones, we should finally be able to get our hands on one to experience the multi-device charging solution. Speaking of which, the 2017 iPhones wireless charging capped out at 7.5W - and that only after the iOS 11.2 software update. The Qi standard supports up to 15W of charging, however. Will Apple equip the 2018 iPhones with the hardware to hit 15W while coping with the heat build-up and will the AirPower support 15W charging?

In our reviews we've been very vocal how very ungenerous of Apple not to include a fast charger with the iPhone's. We expect this to finally be addressed. Apple has been rumored to be working on a beefier 18W charger to include with its 2018 iPhones - at long last. We don't think it's a coincidence that it could be more than capable of powering the AirPower Mat.


Analyst Ming-Chi Kuo in April suggested that Apple will be offering a "more aggressive" pricing strategy for its three new iPhones in 2018.

He suggested the following prices as Apple is concerned about "the negative impact of a higher price," but also that it has an improved cost structure thanks to assembly yield improvements:

  • 5.8" iPhone will be $800-$900 (reduced from $999)
  • 6.5" iPhone will cost $900-$1,000
  • 6.1" LCD model will be $600-$700

We have no additional intelligence on the bill of materials for Apple's 2018 iPhones to speculate on any of the above.

One more thing...

We've yet to come across any surprises in the beta's of iOS 12, but every year Apple seems to pull something out of the hat alongside its newly announced iPhones. Be it camera effects such as portrait lighting we highly expect Apple to do the same again this year. Given that both its flagships will now be packing OLED displays we wouldn't be unhappy if Apple finally gave us the dark mode we've been hankering after and the option of an always-on display.

GSMArena Always-on display concept. Finally a true Dark Mode? What new camera goodness can we expect

So there you have it, our take on the 2018 iPhones. We'll update as the clock ticks down towards their unveiling and new information comes to light.

Sours: https://www.gsmarena.com/2018_iphones__everything_we_know_so_far-news-32415.php

Now discussing:

iPhone XS

2018 twelfth-generation smartphone produced by Apple Inc.

IPhone XS Wordmark.svg
The front of an iPhone XS Max

iPhone XS in Silver

BrandApple Inc.
SloganWelcome to the big screens.
A2098 (sold in Japan)
A2100 (sold in China)
XS Max:
A2102 (sold in Japan)
A2104 (sold in China)
Compatible networksGSM, CDMA2000, EV-DO, HSPA+, LTE, LTE Advanced
First releasedSeptember 21, 2018; 3 years ago (2018-09-21)
Availability by region
DiscontinuedSeptember 10, 2019; 2 years ago (2019-09-10)
PredecessoriPhone X
SuccessoriPhone 11 Pro / iPhone 11 Pro Max
RelatediPhone XR
XS Max:Phablet
Form factorSlate
H: 143.6 mm (5.65 in)
W: 70.9 mm (2.79 in)
D: 7.7 mm (0.30 in)
XS Max:
H: 157.5 mm (6.20 in)
W: 77.4 mm (3.05 in)
D: 7.7 mm (0.30 in)
MassXS: 177 g (6.2 oz)
XS Max: 208 g (7.3 oz)
Operating systemOriginal:iOS 12.0
Current:iOS 15.0.2, released October 11, 2021
System on chipApple A12 Bionic
CPUHexa-core (2x high power Vortex cores at 2.49GHz + 4x low power Tempest cores at 1.52 GHz)
ModemIntel PMB9955 (XMM7560[a])
Memory4 GB LPDDR4X[8]
Storage64, 256 or 512 GB
Removable storageNone
BatteryXS:3.81 V10.13 W·h (2658 mA·h) Li-ion
XS Max:3.80 V12.08 W·h (3174 mA·h) Li-ion
DisplayXS: 5.85 in (149 mm), 2436×1125 px, supplied by Samsung Display
XS Max: 6.46 in (164 mm), 2688×1242 px, supplied by Samsung Display[9]
All models: 458 ppi, Super Retina: Custom-built OLED HDR, true blacks, wide color gamut, 625 cd/m² max. brightness (typical), with dual-ion exchange-strengthened glass and 3D Touch
Rear camera12 MP (1.4 μm) (1/2.55") Sony Exmor IMX333-Inspired, quad-LED flash, ƒ/1.8 aperture, Optical image stabilization (both wide-angle & telephoto) quad-LED flash, autofocus, IR filter, Burst mode, 6-element lens, 4K video recording at 30 or 60 FPS or 1080p at 30 or 60 FPS, Slow-motion video (1080p at 120 FPS or 240 FPS), Time-lapse with stabilization, Panorama (up to 63 megapixels), Portrait Mode, Portrait Lighting, Face detection, Digital image stabilization, Dual Optical image stabilization, Stereo audio recording
Front camera7 MP, f/2.2 aperture, burst mode, exposure control, face detection, auto-HDR, auto image stabilization, Retina flash, 1080p HD video recording

Portrait Mode, Portrait Lighting, and Animoji

(Same as iPhone XR)
SoundStereo speakers
Water resistanceIP68, up to 2 m (6.6 ft) for 30 minutes
OtherFaceTime audio- or video-calling, Qi wireless charging, USB-C to Lightning (connector) fast charging
Hearing aid compatibilityM3, T4[10]
WebsiteiPhone XS - Apple at the Wayback Machine (archived September 9, 2019)

The iPhone XS and iPhone XS Max (stylized and marketed as iPhone Xs and iPhone Xs Max; Roman numeral "X" pronounced "ten")[13][14] are smartphones designed, developed and marketed by Apple Inc. They are the twelfth-generation flagships of the iPhone, succeeding the iPhone X.[15] Apple CEO Tim Cook announced the devices alongside a lower-end model, the iPhone XR, on September 12, 2018, at the Steve Jobs Theater at Apple Park. Pre-orders began on September 14, 2018, and the devices went on sale on September 21.[16]

Improvements besides increased computing speeds include dual-SIM support, filming with stereo audio, and strengthened water resistance.

The XS Max was the first plus-sized iPhone to have the newer bezel-less form factor, as the iPhone X did not have a larger variant. Production of the iPhone XS (and XS Max) ceased on September 10, 2019, after the iPhone 11 and 11 Pro announcement. On January 20, 2020, Apple started selling certified refurbished models starting at $699.


The iPhone XS has a design visually near-identical to the iPhone X but includes upgraded hardware, featuring the A12 Bionic chip built with a 7 nm process process.[17] It also features a 5.85 inch (149 mm) OLED display (marketed as 5.8 inch) with a 2436x1125 resolution at 458 ppi and contains dual 12-megapixel rear cameras and one 7-megapixel front-facing camera. The iPhone XS Max features the same hardware and cameras, but has a larger 6.46 inch (164 mm) OLED display (marketed as 6.5 inch) 2688 x 1242 resolution at 458 ppi and battery (3,174mAh).[18] It was also noted by the media that the XS received a smaller battery than that of the X (dropping to 2,658 mAh from 2,716 mAh).[19] The XS' battery is a new single-cell L-shaped battery, while the iPhone XS Max battery remains two cells like the iPhone X.[20] Additionally, Apple states that the iPhone XS lasts up to 30 minutes longer than iPhone X, while the iPhone XS Max lasts up to 1.5 hours longer than iPhone X.[21]

Space Gray

Apple claims that the devices have faster Face ID technology than the iPhone X.[22] It was also announced in June 2019 at WWDC that Face ID on iPhone XS, iPhone XS Max, iPhone XR and iPhone X would be made up to 30% faster with iOS 13, which was released on September 19, 2019.[23]

The XS and XS Max are rated IP68 for dust and water resistance under IEC standard 60529, with Apple specifying a maximum depth of 2 meters and up to 30 minutes of submersion in water.[24] This is an improvement over the IP67 water resistance of the iPhone 8 and X.[25] Apple has performed tests in various liquids including chlorinated water, salt water, tea, wine, beer and juices.[26]

The XS and XS Max support dual SIMs through a nano-SIM and an eSIM. In mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau, however, the XS Max comes with a dual nano-SIM tray (and no eSIM). The XS does not have a dual nano-SIM tray, so the eSIM functionality is enabled for use in Hong Kong and Macau, but not in mainland China.[27][28][29]

The wireless charging coil material was switched to copper to reduce charging time and power loss.[30][31]

Rear camera upgrades[edit]

iPhone cameras, starting with the iPhone 6S, had a 12MP (1/2.94") sensor size with a 1.22 μm pixel size.[32][33]

The iPhone XS, XS Max and XR are the first ones to record stereo audio for videos.[34]

Starting with the iPhone 2018 lineup (iPhone XS, iPhone XS Max and iPhone XR), these cameras were updated to a 12MP (1/2.55") sensor size with a 1.4 μm pixel size,[35] the same sensor and pixel size as the primary cameras of the Samsung Galaxy S10,[36]Samsung Galaxy S9[37]Samsung Galaxy S8[38]Samsung Galaxy S7,[39]Pixel 2,[40]Pixel 3a and Pixel 3a XL,[41]Pixel 3 and Pixel 3 XL.[42]Moto X4.[43]

Reception and issues[edit]

Reception and connectivity issues[edit]

The iPhone XS received generally positive reviews from critics after release. iPhone XS and XS Max users initially had issues with LTE, Wi-Fi reception and Bluetooth connections. Some experts claimed that a faulty antenna was to blame,[44] and in response to many consumer complaints about iPhone XS/XS Max connectivity problems, Apple contacted users for help with their investigation.[45] To resolve some problems with the XS/XS Max, Apple pushed the iOS 12.0.1 update on October 8, 2018, which, along with addressing the Chargegate issue, fixed a connectivity issue where Bluetooth could become temporarily unavailable on the XS/XS Max.[46]

Charging issues (Chargegate)[edit]

Users reported problems charging the iPhone XS and XS Max with a Lightning cable, where the device would fail to charge if it had been off for a while, and would only begin to charge if the screen was turned on.[47] This would occur due to a software bug with Apple's “Disable USB accessories when locked” setting, a feature intended to prevent unknown devices from accessing a user's content within an iPhone. The press dubbed the issue "Chargegate".[48][49][50][51][52] This issue, along with Bluetooth connectivity problems, was resolved with the release of iOS 12.0.1 on October 8, 2018.[53]

Excessive smoothing in selfies (Beautygate)[edit]

Customers have also reported seeing unrealistic smoothness on their skin when taking a selfie by an automatic filter.[54] Observers have noted that this face-smoothing effect is likely (and unintentionally) caused by the new Smart HDR camera feature on the XS and XS Max. This technology combines multiple photos of varying exposures to increase dynamic range on the iPhones' photos, but can also lead to less pronounced facial imperfections and decreased highlights in selfies. Some speculated this was the result of a hidden “beauty mode” (an actual feature in some smartphones) and dubbed the issue “Beautygate.” There was a general dispute in the community as to whether the camera actually "intended" to "perfect" faces or if they just appeared that way as result of a better quality camera.[55]

Apple said that these results were due to the Smart HDR algorithm incorrectly selecting the blurrier long exposure as its base frame instead of the sharpest short exposure. The issue was resolved with the release of iOS 12.1 on October 30, 2018.[56][57]

See also[edit]



  1. ^Fingas, Roger. "Foxconn taking charge of vast majority of iPhone production this fall". AppleInsider. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
  2. ^"iPhone XS, iPhone XS Max ve iPhone XR'ın Türkiye çıkış tarihi belli oldu". Hürriyet (in Turkish). November 23, 2018. Retrieved October 14, 2020.
  3. ^Srivatsan Sridhar. "Apple iPhone XS and iPhone XS Max teardown reveals Intel Gigabit LTE modem, notched battery for XS, Apple power management IC for XS Max". www.fonearena.com.
  4. ^"iPhone XS Max Review – The New Way of Life - Compare Phones". Compare Phones. Archived from the original on October 2, 2018. Retrieved October 2, 2018.
  5. ^Daniel Yang & Stacy Wegner. "Apple iPhone XS Teardown". www.techinsights.com.
  6. ^Abazovic, Fuad. "iPhone XS has Intel modem inside".
  7. ^"iPhone XS and XS Max Teardown". iFixit. September 21, 2018.
  8. ^Hardy, Ed (September 13, 2018). "Geekbench scores reveal RAM upgrades in new iPhones". Cult of Mac. Retrieved September 18, 2018.
  9. ^Tillman, Maggie (December 12, 2018). "Apple to use new Samsung OLED display". Pocket-link. Retrieved June 27, 2021.
  10. ^Apple (September 12, 2018). "About Hearing Aid Compatibility (HAC) requirements for iPhone - Apple Support". Apple Support. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  11. ^"Apple iPhone XS - Full phone specifications". www.gsmarena.com. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
  12. ^"Apple iPhone XS Max - Full phone specifications". www.gsmarena.com. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
  13. ^"It's pronounced 'iPhone Ten'". The Verge. Archived from the original on October 10, 2017. Retrieved October 10, 2017.
  14. ^"You're pronouncing the iPhone X wrong". News.com.au. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  15. ^Gurman, Mark. "Apple unveils big, $1,099 iPhone XS Max and pitches upgraded Apple Watch as health device". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 13, 2018.
  16. ^Hern, Alex (September 12, 2018). "Apple launches iPhone XS, XS Max and XR – as it happened". The Guardian. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
  17. ^Kastrenakes, Jacob. "New iPhone XS and huge 6.5-inch XS Max announced". The Verge. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
  18. ^"iPhone XS, XS Max, XR specs: Battery size, RAM details revealed in new filings". PCMag. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
  19. ^Kelly, Gordon. "Apple's iPhone XS Has A Nasty Surprise". Forbes. Retrieved September 23, 2018.
  20. ^Rossignol, Joe. "iFixit: iPhone XS Has 'Notched' Battery and iPhone XS Max Has Apple-Designed Power Management Chip [Updated]". www.macrumors.com. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  21. ^"iPhone XS - Technical Specifications". Apple (United Kingdom). Retrieved August 1, 2019.
  22. ^Miller, Chance (September 12, 2018). "iPhone Xs & iPhone Xs Max feature faster Face ID performance, Apple claims". 9to5Mac. Retrieved November 18, 2018.
  23. ^"iOS 13 Preview - Features". Apple. Retrieved August 1, 2019.
  24. ^"iPhone XS - Technical Specifications". Apple. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
  25. ^Crook, Jordan. "Apple introduces the iPhone Xs and iPhone Xs Max". TechCrunch. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
  26. ^Hall, Zac (September 12, 2018). "iPhone Xs and iPhone Xs Max announced: 6.5-inch model, new gold finish, much more". 9to5Mac. Retrieved November 18, 2018.
  27. ^. Apple (in Chinese). Retrieved September 16, 2018.
  28. ^"iPhone XS - Technical Specifications". Apple. Retrieved September 16, 2018.
  29. ^. Apple (in Chinese). Retrieved September 16, 2018.
  30. ^Rossignol, Joe (August 20, 2018). "2018 iPhones May Feature Faster and More Efficient Wireless Charging With Switch to Copper Coil". MacRumors. Retrieved November 18, 2018.
  31. ^"iPhone XS improvements to Qi wireless charging limited to efficiency, not voltage increase". AppleInsider. September 18, 2018. Retrieved November 18, 2018.
  32. ^"Apple iPhone SE Teardown". www.techinsights.com. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  33. ^"Apple iPhone 7 Teardown". www.techinsights.com. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  34. ^GSMArena review of the iPhone XS video camera
  35. ^"iPhone XS and XS Max Teardown". iFixit. September 21, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  36. ^"Samsung Galaxy S10 and S10e Teardown". iFixit. March 6, 2019. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  37. ^"Samsung Galaxy S9 Teardown". iFixit. March 9, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  38. ^"Samsung Galaxy S8 Teardown". iFixit. April 17, 2017. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  39. ^"Samsung Galaxy S7 Teardown". iFixit. March 8, 2016. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  40. ^"Google Pixel 2 XL Teardown". iFixit. October 19, 2017. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  41. ^"Compare Pixel 3a Tech Specs - Camera, Battery & Size - Google Store". store.google.com. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  42. ^"Compare Pixel 3 Tech Specs - Camera, Battery & Size - Google Store". store.google.com. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  43. ^"moto x (4th gen.)". Motorola. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  44. ^Andrew J Shepherd. "[UPDATED] iPhone XS and XS Max mostly fail to impress in lab-tested RF power output". Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  45. ^Clover, Juli. "Apple Looking Into LTE Connectivity Issues Affecting Some iPhone XS and XS Max Owners". www.macrumors.com. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  46. ^"About iOS 12 Updates". Apple Support. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  47. ^"Apple silent amid iPhone 'chargegate' complaints". BBC. October 1, 2018. Retrieved October 5, 2018.
  48. ^"Apple silent amid 'chargegate' complaints". BBC News. October 1, 2018.
  49. ^Belam, Martin (October 1, 2018). "iPhone XS and XS Max: 'chargegate' sees some devices fail to charge". the Guardian.
  50. ^"Apple has revealed a fix for its huge charging problem". The Independent.
  51. ^JAMES HETHERINGTON (October 1, 2018). "Less than two weeks after launch, the iPhone XS and XS Max have a major problem". Newsweek.
  52. ^Antonio Villas. "Some iPhone XS owners are reporting that their new iPhones have problems charging". Business Insider.
  53. ^"Apple's iOS 12.0.1 update fixes slow reception, charging issues on iPhone XS". The Verge. Retrieved October 17, 2018.
  54. ^"Some people are saying Apple's new iPhone selfie camera automatically smooths your skin in photos — and they're calling it 'beautygate'". Business Insider. Retrieved October 6, 2018.
  55. ^"iPhone XS beauty-gate". cnet.
  56. ^Kelly, Gordon (October 23, 2018). "Apple Quietly Admits To iPhone Selfie Issue". Forbes. Retrieved November 18, 2018.
  57. ^Patel, Nilay (October 23, 2018). "Apple iPhone XR review: better than good enough". The Verge. Archived from the original on November 15, 2018. Retrieved November 18, 2018.

External links[edit]

Apple hardware since 1998

Consumer desktops, all-in-ones
Professional towers, desktops
Consumer laptops
Professional laptops
Consumer electronics
  • iPhone
    • 2G
    • 3G
    • 3GS
    • 4
    • 4S
    • 5
    • 5C
    • 5S
    • 6, 6 Plus
    • 6S, 6S Plus
    • SE (1st)
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    • X
    • XS, XS Max
    • XR
    • 11
    • 11 Pro, Pro Max
    • SE (2nd)
    • 12, 12 Mini
    • 12 Pro, Pro Max
    • 13, 13 Mini
    • 13 Pro, Pro Max

Italics indicate current products.

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IPhone_XS

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