The Science of MONAT
MONAT’s ingredients are naturally-based, safe, pure and sustainable. But with other brands recognizing the power of botanical oils, how is MONAT any different. The answer lies in our rich formulations that make these naturally-based ingredients work in harmony with each other, combining and reacting to pump up their natural properties to take MONAT to the next level. Here’s a little bit about the science behind MONAT. REJUVENIQE™Oil Intensive is MONAT’s invigorating proprietary blend of 13+ unique molecular ingredients, which includes vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, beta-carotene, omega-6 fatty acids, nutrients and amino acids, suitable for all skin and hair types. These ingredients have been proven to mimic the body’s own natural oils to reduce hair thinning, prevent oxidative stress, and add volume and shine. REJUVENIQE’s special properties energize and rehabilitate the scalp to visibly repair hair with instant and long-term Age Prevention benefits.Capixyl™, powered with Red Clover Extract, a gentle emollient that hydrates the scalp to stimulate natural, noticeable hair growth.Benefits: -Outstanding clinical results prove significant decrease in hair loss effect and increase in hair regrowth. -Higher proven results than the other leading hair rejuvenation brands. Procataline™ features Pea Extract, a rich source of secondary metabolites, which deliver healthy nutrients to promote hair growth, plus power antioxidants to combat premature thinning, as well as protect color and shine.Benefits: -Maintains a healthy environment for hair growth. -Preserves the hair follicle. -Aids in prevention of hair loss. -Helps protect against environmental damage. -Protects the natural pigment in the follicle. Crodasorb™ A powerful formula that packs intense protection from the sun’s damaging rays and resultant UVB damage, Crodasorb™ also preserves hair’s natural pigmentation and keeps strands stronger and locks in moisture.Benefits: -Protects natural and synthetic coloring as well as gray hair. -Absorbs high amounts of UVB and UVA light. -Penetrates the hair, allowing it to protect both the cuticle and the cortex. -Helps to smooth the cuticle for less damage and breakage.
FOR THE LIFE OF YOUR HAIR!
Our Balance Polish System products are designed to work together to provide more shape, hold, and smoother ends.
A Salt and sulfate-free gentle hydrating cleanser
Restore Leave-In Conditioner
Designed to revive each strand and restore lost essential nutrients to the scalp.
Refinish Control Hairspray
Infused with REJUVENIQE™, a strong yet flexible finishing spray that provides texture, volume, natural shine and long lasting touchable support. Humidity resistant and easy to brush through, leaving no sticky residue or build up even after re-spraying.
How it works:
- Helps mend damage, fortify, and protect
- Offers flexible support
- Delivers dramatic texture, lift, volume and shine
- Provides instant hold with conditioning support
Scalp sores, hair falling out in clumps, bald spots … no, this is not a description of a scene from a horror movie. This was actually the reality for 199 Monat product users whose complaints to the FDA were reported by ABC News in 2018. Over the last 3 years, the Better Business Bureau (BBB) has processed 1,018 complaints against Monat. In addition, Monat has been the subject of a fair amount of litigation. Therefore, today we will not only look at the Monat shampoo ingredients, specifically those in the Monat Revive shampoo. We will also discuss the latest developments regarding lawsuits against Monat. So, read to the end to be in the know.
I heard about Monat shampoos when they first launched in the USA. In fact, one of their sales representatives approached me to sign me up to be a Monat shampoo seller. I politely declined. Instead, I wrote an unbiased Monat shampoo review that attracted a lot of attention. In retrospect, I am so glad that my experience of reading shampoo ingredients saved me from the Monat products. Moreover, that review has probably saved thousands of people from taking their chances with Monat shampoos. I do not take marketing claims at their face value; on the contrary, I recommend products only after intense scrutiny of each ingredient.
Are the Monat shampoo ingredients safe?
The list of Monat shampoo ingredients is one of the longest I have seen in my experience reading shampoo ingredients almost daily since 2012.
Monat Revive shampoo ingredients:source).
You have probably read lots of enthusiastic Monat reviews including those about Monat Revive shampoo. I could be getting very lucrative commissions, too, for promoting their expensive products. But after reading each ingredient, I decided that Monat products do not adhere to my standards. If you are a seller of Monat products, please know that there are many other multi-level marketing companies with non-controversial products that you can sell and generate an income for your family.
Known allergens in the Monat shampoo
Among Monat shampoo ingredients, the following three are associated with contact allergy – cocamidopropyl betaine, benzyl alcohol, and fragrance. While lauramidopropyl betaine and cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine are not established allergens, I believe there might be a danger of the same side effects as cocamidopropyl betaine’s because they are close relatives.
The symptoms of allergic contact dermatitis include redness, swelling, itching, and fluid-filled blisters. These are more severe symptoms than the symptoms of irritation.
Also, there is a difference between an irritant and an allergen. An allergen (aka sensitizer) causes allergic contact dermatitis after repeated contact with the allergen over time. Suppose, you used the Monat Revive shampoo once and did not experience any symptoms. It won’t guarantee, though, that you won’t have a reaction to the Monat shampoo ingredients when you are exposed to them again.
Cocamidopropyl betaine as one of the Monat shampoo ingredients
Cocamidopropyl betaine is a surfactant that makes shampoo lather. Commonly, so-called “natural” shampoos use it as a better alternative to SLS (sodium lauryl sulfate) or SLES (sodium laureth sulfate). The proponents of cocamidopropyl betaine (CAPB) claim it is safe because it is derived from coconut oil. It does sound, safe, right? However, it is important to understand how CAPB is derived.
The process of manufacturing CAPB is as follows. First, coconut fatty acids go in reaction with 3-dimethylaminoproplylamine (DMAPA) to produce amidoamine. Then, amidoamine is combined with monochloroacetic acid to get to CAPB (source). To me, CAPB doesn’t sound like a natural ingredient in the Monat Revive shampoo. Does it sound natural to you?
In my mind, the fact that coconut oil serves as a source for CAPB becomes irrelevant when we learn that some amounts of the two chemicals – DMAPA and amidoamine – remain in CAPB. Commercial-grade CAPB can contain up to 3.0% amidoamine and up to 0.02% DMAPA (source).
The personal care products trade association called Cosmetic Ingredient Review tells us that both DMAPA and amidoamine are known skin allergens (source).
The first reports of allergy to CAPB appeared in 1983. The first two cases were women with red lesions which cleared after they stopped using their shampoos with CAPB. Since then, there have been many reports in association with shampoos, liquid soaps, bath gels, toothpaste, contact lens solutions, make-up removers, and hygiene products with a range of incidence between 3% to 7.2% (source).
In fact, the American Contact Dermatitis Society named CAPB the 2004 Allergen of the Year (source).
Potential concerns about lauramidopropyl betaine and cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine
Lauramidopropyl betaine and cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine are also surfactants in the Monat Revive shampoo. By the way, I have counted 7 surfactants among the Monat shampoo ingredients. I am not sure why there are so many surfactants. Normally, I see 2-4 surfactants in shampoos.
These two surfactants share the same amidopropyl suffix in the first words of their names with cocamidopropyl betaine. That’s because their formation processes are very similar. Lauramidopropyl betaine also results from the reaction of fatty acids with DMAPA, which yields amidoamine. Then, the reaction with monochloroacetate produces lauramidopropyl betaine (source). According to the Cosmetic Ingredient Review report as of 2018, there are three ways to make cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine. And it looks as though DMAPA were used in all of them. All three surfactants can have DMAPA residue in them, which may contribute to an allergic reaction.
By themselves, these surfactants might be okay in a shampoo. But in the Monat Revive shampoo, there are three surfactants that may have residue of the DMAPA allergen.
Potential concerns about benzyl alcohol
True, benzyl alcohol is an aromatic alcohol present in many naturally occurring plant products such as balsam of Peru. Also, it is a naturally occurring component of essential oils such as hyacinth, jasmine, and ylang-ylang oils. It even occurs in foods such as apricots, cranberries, cocoa, honey, mushrooms, and snap peas. However, to make use of it in products, lab chemists synthesize it by reacting benzyl chloride with sodium hydroxide (source).
Personal care products often list it as a preservative. The Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) has concluded that it is safe for use in cosmetic products at concentrations of up to 5%, and up to 10% in hair dyes (source).
However, the European Union allows benzyl alcohol as a preservative in cosmetics and personal care products at a maximum concentration of 1% (source). The European Union restricts it because it may cause an allergic reaction.
The American Contact Dermatitis Society (ACDS) recognizes it as a “weak” sensitizer. The ACDS states that an allergic reaction to benzyl alcohol is rare. A Belgian patch-test of 8,521 patients revealed that only 25 people (0.3%) had a positive reaction (source).
I do not have any information as to the concentrations of benzyl alcohol among the Monat shampoo ingredients. While an allergic reaction is rare, the American Contact Dermatitis Society encourages consumers to use caution (source).
Potential concerns about fragrance
Fragrances are normally undisclosed mixtures of a long list of various chemicals. The FDA does not require companies to disclose the ingredients of fragrances. On my blog, I recommend products made by companies that value transparency. Thus, I promote products that have only natural scents that come from essential oils and/or plant extracts and oils. Fragrances may cause allergies, dermatitis, respiratory distress, and potential effects on the reproductive system. Additionally, they disrupt hormones and can increase a person’s risk of cancer. The Skin Deep database rates them 8 out 10 where 10 stands for the highest level of toxicity.
On my blog, I do not recommend any products with fragrance even if a company claims that they use natural fragrance. You can find out what is not so good about natural fragrance in my Natural Fragrance post.
Ethoxylated ingredients in the Monat shampoo
There are two ingredients among the Monat shampoo ingredients that result from the process of ethoxylation. These ingredients are Trideceth-6 and C11-15 Pareth-7. What are the problems with the process of ethoxylation?
To begin with, most manufacturers use harsh petrochemical raw materials. To make them less irritating to the skin, they add ethylene oxide. As a result, there may be traces of unreacted ethylene oxide in the final product. Moreover, 1,4-dioxane is created during the ethoxylation process. Unless a manufacturer uses the vacuum-stripping method to get rid of 1,4-dioxane, the dangerous chemical can remain in the shampoo.
The International Agency for Research on Cancer has classified ethylene oxide as “carcinogenic to humans.” It classifies 1,4-dioxane as “probably carcinogenic to humans.” “Probably carcinogenic to humans” means that “there is limited evidence of carcinogenicity in humans and sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity in experimental animals.”
Even if the company makes sure that no amount of 1,4-dioxane remains in the Monat Revive shampoo, I am not very enthusiastic about the ingredients whose manufacturing process includes two carcinogens.
On my blog, I do not recommend products with ethoxylated ingredients. You can read more about that in my Hidden Ingredients in Best Baby Wipes post.
Does this shampoo make your hair thicker?
Monat claims that Monat Revive shampoo “penetrates and supports the scalp while helping boost natural hair growth and improving follicle strength to assist in reducing hair thinning.”
I am not familiar with any independent studies illustrating that by using a shampoo you can increase hair growth or make hair thicker and stronger. Keep in mind that contact with shampoo is short and relatively infrequent. I had a hair-thinning problem and took the time to look for any independent studies on this subject. Sadly, I was unable to find any scientific studies proving that hair does get thicker due to shampoo. (Read my Overlooked Hair Loss Causes post to see how I solved my problem and what you can do today.)
On the other hand, there are quite a few ingredients that coat the hair. I assume it is the coating that makes the hair look and feel thicker.
The following may serve as hair coating ingredients: guar hydroxypropyltrimonium chloride, cinnamidopropyltrimonium chloride, stearyldimoniumhydroxypropyl decylglucosides chloride. Additionally, they are acrylates copolymer, sodium hydroxypropylphosphate laurylglucoside crosspolymer, propoxytetramethyl piperdinyl dimethicone, centrimonium chloride.
I have not seen so many coating agents in a single shampoo! The list of the Monat shampoo ingredients even contains acrylates copolymer. Normally I see this ingredient in nail polishes as a film former and in hair sprays as a hair fixer.
So, what do you think? Do you think it is worth $35 for 8 oz? Let me know in the comments. I personally would not use this shampoo even if they sent it to me for free.
More Monat reviews
Please visit the Better Business Bureau to read numerous complaints about Monat products and their customer service.
This is the most comprehensive review I have seen of what has happened since I first published this post.
Looking for a less controversial shampoo? Curious to know what shampoo and conditioner I am using now after I published the Shampoo Rating List and looked at each ingredient of over 100 shampoos? Please visit my Shop.
Lawsuits against Monat
It may also be important to know that Monat has been the subject of a fair amount of litigation, as people who have suffered adverse effects of the Monat shampoo ingredients have sued Monat. To clarify, the lawsuits include allegations that Monat Revive shampoo has damaged hair, even causing it to fall out in some cases. They also include claims for false advertising. Further, at least a couple of these lawsuits have been class action lawsuits. For my attorney husband’s take on class action lawsuits in general, click here.
Class action lawsuit
Specifically, there is a class action pending in Miami, Florida, in which the plaintiffs allege that Monat’s products were defectively designed and that they failed to inspect their ingredients for contamination. Nevertheless, in the fall of 2019, Monat asked the court to dismiss the case. However, the judge denied the motion, and did not dismiss the entire case, as Monat had asked.
On the other hand, the judge did carve out a small piece of the case and dismissed that small portion of it. As a result, Monat hailed this as a great victory publicly, but the case remains on the books and is headed toward a jury trial.
Additionally, here’s what else my husband has to say:
Apparently, there have been multiple class action lawsuits filed against Monat alleging harmful effects of the Monat shampoo ingredients. In fact, there are so many class action lawsuits that the Federal courts have consolidated them into one courtroom under what is called the Multidistrict Litigation, or MDL, process. MDLs are created by the Federal courts when a single defendant is facing multiple lawsuits from various people. That is to say, it’s more efficient, reason the courts, to consolidate the matters for pretrial proceedings. While this happens frequently in individual cases, it is pretty rare to consolidate a lot of class action cases. I guess one can draw one’s own conclusion from this remarkable turn of events.
Thus, if you know someone who is considering getting Monat Revive shampoo, please direct them to this post, so they can make an informed decision.
Your Superpower To Read Ingredients
Imagine looking at the ingredients of any shampoo, conditioner, lotion, or cream and in a matter of seconds being able to decide if it is safe to use!
With this easy unprecendented method, you will be able to spot potentially harmful personal care or skincare products that may cause irritation, an allergic reaction, or increase the risk of endocrine disruption or cancer.
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Water, Cetearyl Alcohol, Isoamyl Laurate, Behentrimonium Chloride, Glycerin, Limnanthes Alba (Meadowfoam) Seed Oil, Crambe Abyssinica Seed Oil, Camellia Oleifera Seed Oil, Solanum Lycopersicum (Tomato) Seed Oil, Daucus Carota Sativa (Carrot) Seed Oil, Citrus Limon (Lemon) Peel Oil, Citrus Aurantifolia (Lime) Oil, Citrus Aurantium Bergamia (Bergamot) Fruit Oil, Adansonia Digitata Oil, Mauritia Flexuosa Fruit Oil, Cocos Nucifera (Coconut) Oil, Gardenia Taitensis Flower Extract, Moringa Oleifera Seed Oil, Caryocar Brasiliense Fruit Oil, Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil, Linum Usitatissimum (Linseed) Seed Extract, Salvia Hispanica Seed Extract, Tocopherol, Xanthan Gum, Carrageenan, Algin, Guar Hydroxypropyltrimonium Chloride, Chitosan, Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, Coco-Glucoside, Sorbitan Oleate, Fragrance, Stearamidopropyl Dimethylamine, Benzyl Alcohol, Ethylhexylglycerin.
Restore Leave In Conditioner Ingredients:
Water, Cetearyl Alcohol, Quaternium-91, Cinnamidopropyltrimonium Chloride,Pisum Sativum (Pea) Extract, Acetyl Tetrapeptide-3, Trifolium Pratense (Clover) Flower Extract, Limnanthes Alba (Meadowfoam) Seed Oil, Crambe Abyssinica Seed Oil, Camellia Oleifera Seed Oil, Solanum Lycopersicum (Tomato) Seed Oil, Daucus Carota Sativa (Carrot) Seed Oil, Citrus Limon (Lemon) Peel Oil, Citrus Aurantifolia (Lime) Oil, Citrus Aurantium Bergamia (Bergamot) Fruit Oil, Adansonia
Digitata Oil, Mauritia Flexuosa Fruit Oil, Cocos Nucifera (Coconut) Oil, Gardenia Tahitensis Flower Extract, Moringa Oleifera Seed Oil, Caryocar Brasiliense Fruit Oil, Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil, Glycerin, Dextran, Tocopherol, Citric Acid, Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein, Myristyl Myristate, Behentrimonium Chloride, Propanediol, Fragrance, Butylene Glycol, Amodimethicone, Trideceth-12, Cetrimonium Chloride, Phenethyl Alcohol, Undecyl Alcohol, Benzyl Alcohol.
Intense Repair Shampoo:
Restyle Instant Sculpting Taffy:
Monat Junior Shampoo:
Water, Sodium Laurylglucosides Hydroxypropylsulfonate, Cocamidopropyl Hydroxysultaine, Sodium Methyl Cocoyl Taurate, Sodium Bis-Hydroxyethylglycinate Coco-Glucosides Crosspolymer, Cocamidopropyl PG-Dimonium Chloride Phosphate, Caprylyl/Capryl Glucoside, Sodium Stearoyl Lactylate, Sodium Cocoyl Glutamate, Polyglyceryl-5 Oleate, Glyceryl Caprylate, Citric Acid, Fragrance, Sodium Benzoate, Potassium Sorbate.
Black Aftershave Moisturizer:
Water, Cetearyl Alcohol, Glyceryl Stearate SE, Heptyl Undecylenate, Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, Disodium Lauriminodipropionate Tocopheryl Phosphates, Cetearyl Glucoside, Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice, Spirulina Platensis Extract, Macrocystis Pyrifera (Kelp) Extract, Cocos Nucifera (Coconut) Oil, Tocopherol, Limnanthes Alba (Meadowfoam) Seed Oil, Crambe Abyssinica Seed Oil, Camellia Oleifera Seed Oil, Solanum Lycopersicum (Tomato) Seed Oil, Daucus Carota Sativa (Carrot) Seed Oil, Citrus Medica Limonum (Lemon) Peel Oil, Citrus Aurantifolia (Lime) Oil, Citrus Aurantium Bergamia (Bergamot) Fruit Oil, Adansonia Digitata Oil, Mauritia Flexuosa Fruit Oil, Gardenia Tahitensis Flower Extract, Moringa Oleifera Seed Oil, Caryocar Brasiliense Fruit Oil, Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil, Fragrance, Benzyl Alcohol, Ethyhexylglycerin.
Now let’s pick these ingredients apart and get down to the science behind them. This is not my opinion. This is strictly the scientific information behind these products.
Safe hair care options can be found HERE.
EWG rating: 8
Seems harmless, right? Just a lil’ frangrance to make the products smell better. Couldn’t be too dangerous, could it?
Fragrance is actually one of the most dangerous, harmful ingredients in the cosmetics industry. Companies can hide thousands of harmful ingredients in this one label: fragrance. In fact, almost 4,000 chemicals, many of the harmful, can be labeled as “fragrance.”
Roughly 95% of all synthetic fragrance is derived from petroleum, crude oil. Not only is this environmentally harmful, this process produces carcinogens like benzene and endocrine disruptors like phthalates. Phthalates don’t just disrupt the hormones, they have also been linked to autism and birth defects.
A study from Mount Sinai Children’s Environmental Health Center found that,
“Prenatal exposure to phthalates and delays in learning, including a recent study that shows children exposed to phthalates in the womb are more likely to display autisticlike behaviors.”
“Baby boys are more likely to experience changes in their genitals if their mothers were exposed to phthalates during pregnancy (Environmental Health Perspectives paper of the year, 2005).”
This is why phthalates were banned in children’s toys in 2008.
CONSIDER THIS: FRAGRANCE HAS BEEN LINKED TO CANCER, HORMONAL IMBALANCES AND EVEN BIRTH DEFECTS – AND IT’S IN SEVERAL MONAT PRODUCTS.
Now, I’m not saying Monat definitely uses harmful, carcinogenic fragrances in their products. But without transparency, there’s no way to know. I reached out to them numerous times to ask what they use in their fragrance and they never once got back to me. They did however reach out to ask which email I used to contact them – though offered no clarification on anything in this article; not their use of fragrance, PEGs, etc.
I would think that if they didn’t use harmful fragrance or PEGs, they’d be happy to reach out to me to set the record straight. That has not happened. Their label says fragrance and they are unwilling to share what exactly that does or does not include.
Steareth-21 and Cetereath-20, also known as Polyethylene Glycol (PEGs)
While Monat says they do not use PEGs in their products – it’s clearly a falsehood. Steareth-21 and Cetereath-20 are both on the ingredient list and made of polyethylene glycol, aka PEGs.
Steareth-20 is a synthetic polymer composed of PEG (polyethylene glycol) and stearyl alcohol. Due to the presence of PEG, this ingredient may contain potentially toxic manufacturing impurities such as 1,4-dioxane.Source
Ceteareth-20 is the polyethylene glycol ether of cetearyl alcohol; may contain potentially toxic impurities such as 1,4-dioxane. Source
The issue with PEGs isn’t so much the PEGs themselves (although some studies have implicated certain PEGs as genotoxic), but PEGs allow other toxic chemicals to more easily penetrate the skin – like fragrance, which allows them to more quickly and efficiently enter the bloodstream.
PEGs are often contaminated with chemicals like ethylene oxide, a known human carcinogen and 1,4-dioxane – a possible human carcinogen (source).
PEGs are banned in Europe and rated a 3 on the EWG scale, though the ingredients they are often contaminated with – ethylene oxide and 1,4-dioxane are rated a 10 and 8 respectively (source).
Behentrimonium chloride is an ammonium salt and while I found reports stating that it causes tissue death – I wasn’t able to find any studies to substantiate this claim. However, if you or your child have skin issues like eczema or psoriasis, it is best to avoid a harsh ingredient like this.
Behentrimonium chloride is only safe in concentration under 0.1% – as I was unable to reach Monat, I am unsure of what percentage they use in their products.
It is rated a 3 on the EWG scale and its use is limited in Europe.
Dimethylamine was not an ingredient I was immediately familiar with. Upon digging further, I’m shocked it’s in haircare products at all. The CDC lists dimethylamine as extremely flammable, hazardous to inhale as it can cause a burning sensation, headaches, difficulty breathing and shortness of breath (source).
They go on to state,
The substance is severely irritating to the eyes and the respiratory tract . Inhalation of the substance at high levels may cause lung oedema (see Notes). The effects may be delayed.
From PubChem, National Institute of Health’s open chemistry database,
As a pure chemical substance Dimethylamine is used as dehairing agent in tanning, in dyes, in rubber accelerators, in soaps and cleaning compounds and as an agricultural fungicide… Long-term inhalation of low concentrations or short-term inhalation of low concentrations has adverse health effects. Source
This is likely with direct exposure to dimethylamine, but still fairly shocking. It is a known human lung and skin irritant as well as a known toxic substance. It is listed as a 6-7 on the EWG scale.
Benzyl alcohol is both naturally occurring as well as synthetic. It is used as a solvent and preservative and has been associated with contact allergy.
Studies have shown that high doses of benzyl alcohol may pose serious risks,
In a primary irritation study 10% benzyl alcohol applied in a 24-hour occlusive patch to the back of eight male albino rabbits did not cause irritation. Undiluted benzyl alcohol was moderately irritating when applied to the depilated skin of guinea pigs for 24 hr. Acute intravenous toxicity of benzyl alcohol was determined in mice. Clinical signs were convulsion, dyspnea and reduced motility in all strains for 24 hours. The slight decrease in body weight in the first week following treatment returned to normal in the second week. Microscopic examination revealed local nerve degeneration when 5% benzyl alcohol was injected into the side of a cat’s face; at 10% local anesthesia was produced. In another experiment, rats were given oral doses of 50, 100, 200, 400, and 800 mg/kg for 13 weeks. The high dose produced clinical signs indicative of neurotoxicity including staggering, respiratory difficulty, and lethargy. Reduction in weight gain was noted in males at 800 mg/kg and females at equal to or greater than 200 mg/kg. Source
It is rated a 5 on the EWG scale.
Trifolium Pratense (Clover) Flower Extract
While trifolium pratense, or red clover flower extract is listed as a 1 on the EWG scale, I felt the need to probe further after learning that red clover, despite being a natural ingredient, has estrogenic effects (source). Just because something is natural does not necessarily mean it is healthy, or even safe. For example, soy is high in estrogens, which is one reason I avoid it.
This ingredient may be of concern to anyone at risk for estrogenic cancers, like breast and ovarian, or those with the BRCA genes. If you suffer from PCOS, hormonal imbalance, difficult, painful or abnormal periods – you should be aware of this ingredient.
Red clover extract is often used as a dietary supplement for menopausal women (to replace estrogen).
Centrimonium chloride is an ammonium salt used as a preservative. At low doses, it is a skin irritant (source). At high doses, it can potentially be embryotoxic (cause death, growth retardation and/or abnormal development) and teratogenic (disturb the development of the fetus). Again, this is only at high doses, not low doses (source). I just thought you may want to be aware.
It is listed at a 3 on the EWG scale.
This is not a full of list of every harmful ingredient or ingredient linked to serious issues; that review would simply be too long. I chose certain ingredients that have well established information regarding toxicity and have been effectively studied. Many of these ingredients are well known toxins in the cosmetics industry. This is not groundbreaking information. These ingredients are knowingly harmful.
It’s completely unacceptable that Monat states that they don’t use fragrance, PEGs or phtalathes when they are literally on their ingredient lists. In a time when one in two men and one in three women get preventable cancers, cancers that development due to lifestyle choices like diet, exercise and toxin exposure – it’s more important than ever to be mindful of what you’re putting on your skin. What is applied to the skin is absorbed by the body. There are over 80,000 untested chemicals in cosmetics. Always be aware of what is in the products you’re using.
Safe hair care options can be found HERE.
The saturated nature of coconut oil also means that it is a heavy-duty-oil ideal for dry skin types. A double-blind research confirmed that extra virgin coconut oil is as effective in treating xerosis (aka very dry skin) as mineral oil. Another study found that coconut oil is more effective than mineral oil in treating mild to moderate atopic dermatitis (aka eczema) in children.
So when it comes to dry skin, coconut oil is a goodie, no question there. The question is if it is good or bad for acne-prone skin. Its main fatty acid, Lauric Acid has some research showing that it is a promising ingredient against evil acne-causing bacteria, P. acnes but at the same time, both Lauric Acid and coconut oil have a very high comedogenic rating (4 out of 5). Though comedogenic ratings are not very reliable, anecdotal evidence (i.e. people commenting in forums) shows that people have mixed experiences. While some claim that it worked wonders on their acne others say that it gave them serious blackheads and zits. Try it at your own risk.
As for hair care, coconut oil has pretty solid research showing that it can penetrate into the hair very well (better than mineral oil and sunflower oil) and it can prevent hair protein loss as well as combing damage. If you have problems with damaged hair, split ends, coconut oil is worth trying as a pre- or/and post-wash treatment. Labmuffin has an awesome blogpost explaining in more detail why coconut oil is good for your hair.
A couple of other things worth mentioning: coconut oil might help with wound healing (promising animal study), it has some antifungal activity (against dermatophytes that cause the thing known as ringworm) and it also works as an insect repellent against black flies.
Overall, coconut oil is definitely a goodie for the hair and dry skin. If that warrants for the magic oil status it enjoys, we don't know.
I got excited by the memories, I had to masturbate. So I woke up, it was so nice to sleep naked, the ass had not yet moved away from the night of fucking and. Was pleasantly aching, the memory of the night excited the brain. They fucked me hard in all the holes and lowered me.
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And how to do this if the right hand is completely absent, and on the left only the fingers move slightly. There is more iron in it than meat. Ugh, just like a stupid cyborg from an ancient movie.